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All About Chemistry... 2011 and beyond

News articles about "Materials"

Quantum effects help cells capture light, but the details are obscure

Sophisticated recent experiments with ultrashort laser pulses support the idea that intuition defying quantum interactions between molecules help plants algae and some bacteria efficiently gather light to fuel their growth But key details of nature's ... - Read More

Morphing material has mighty potential: Composite may find use in bioscaffolds, optics, drugs

Material, Material
Heating a sheet of plastic may not bring it to life but it sure looks like it does in new experiments at Rice University The materials created by Rice polymer scientist Rafael Verduzco and his ... - Read More

Thermoelectric materials nearing production scale

Materials, materials
Half Heusler compounds are especially suited for manufacturing thermoelectric modules Waste heat can be converted to electricity with them Researchers have manufactured the alloys for the first time in kilogram quantities More than two thirds ... - Read More

Ultrathin 'diagnostic skin' allows continuous patient monitoring

Temperature, temperature
It is likely that at your next visit to the doctor a medical practitioner will start by taking your temperature This has been part of medical practice for so long that we may see it ... - Read More

Electricity from waste heat with more efficient materials

Thermoelectric materials can convert waste heat directly into electricity Tommi Tynell M Sc Tech who is a doctoral candidate at the Aalto University School of Chemical Technology has developed hybrid thermoelectric materials which combine useful ... - Read More

Researchers create nonlinear light-generating zero-index metamaterial

Light, Light
The Information Age will get a major upgrade with the arrival of quantum processors many times faster and more powerful than today's supercomputers For the benefits of this new Information Age 2.0 to be fully ... - Read More

How water dissolves stone, molecule by molecule

Molecule, molecule
Scientists from Rice University and the University of Bremen's Center for Marine Environmental Sciences MARUM in Germany have combined cutting edge experimental techniques and computer simulations to find a new way of predicting how water ... - Read More

Better water purification with seeds from moringa trees

Purification
Seeds from Moringa oleifera trees can be used to purify water Uppsala University leads a research group which has discovered that seed material can give a more efficient purification process than conventional synthetic materials in ... - Read More

Silkworms spin colored silks while on a 'green' dyed-leaf diet

Green
For some 5 000 years cultivated silkworms have been spinning luxurious white silk fibers destined for use in the finest clothing But current dyeing practices produce wastewater that contains potentially harmful toxins so scientists are ... - Read More

Turning waste into power with bacteria and loofahs

Bacteria, bacteria
Loofahs best known for their use in exfoliating skin to soft radiant perfection have emerged as a new potential tool to advance sustainability efforts on two fronts at the same time energy and waste The ... - Read More

Industrial age helps some coastal regions capture carbon dioxide, surprise finding shows

carbon, Carbon dioxide, Carbon dioxide, Carbon
Coastal portions of the world's oceans once believed to be a source of carbon dioxide CO2 to the atmosphere are now thought to absorb as much as two thirds more carbon than they emitted in ... - Read More

Accelerated corrosion testing of silver provides clues about performance in atmospheric conditions

Corrosion, Atmospheric
Small test strips made of silver or other metals called coupons are frequently used to assess and predict the speeds at which metals used in outdoor environments pipelines aircraft bridges as well as countless other ... - Read More

Intense two-color double X-ray laser pulses: Powerful tool to study ultrafast processes

X-ray
A team working at the SACLA X ray Free Electron Laser XFEL in Japan has succeeded in generating ultra bright two color X ray laser pulses for the first time in the hard X ray ... - Read More

The promise of nanotechnology

If the promise of nanotechnology is to be fulfilled then research programs must leapfrog to new nanomanufacturing processes That's the conclusion of a review of the current state of nanoscience and nanotechnology to be published ... - Read More

Amoeboid swimming: Crawling in a fluid

Fluid
Researchers from CNRS Inserm and Université Joseph Fourier Grenoble have developed a particularly simple model that reproduces the swimming mechanism of amoebas They show that by changing shape these single cell organisms propel themselves forward ... - Read More

New thermoelectronic generator: Heat energy efficiently converted to electricity

Heat
Through a process known as thermionic conversion heat energy such as light from the sun or heat from burned fossil fuels can be converted into electricity with very high efficiency Because of its promise researchers ... - Read More

Nanoscale shape-memory oxide discovered: Opens door to applications in medicine, energy and electronics

Applications
Listen up nickel titanium and all you other shape memory alloys there's a new kid on the block that just claimed the championship for elasticity and is primed to take over the shape memory apps ... - Read More

Optimizing carbon nanotube arrays for use in hot spots

Arrays, Carbon nanotube
Experimental evidence and computer simulations suggest how to grow structures with the best trade offs between three desired characteristics strength flexibility and the ability to dissipate heat When engineers design devices they must often join ... - Read More

Microplastics make marine worms sick

marine, Marine
Tiny bits of plastic trash could spell big trouble for marine life starting with the worms say a team of researchers from Plymouth University and the University of Exeter who report their evidence in a ... - Read More

Process holds promise for production of synthetic gasoline from carbon dioxide

Gasoline
A chemical system developed by researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago can efficiently perform the first step in the process of creating syngas gasoline and other energy rich products out of carbon dioxide ... - Read More
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