All About Chemistry... 2011 and beyond

News articles about "Materials"

'Smart windows' have potential to keep heat out and save energy

Windows allow brilliant natural light to stream into homes and buildings Along with light comes heat that in warm weather we often counter with energy consuming air conditioning Now scientists are developing a new kind ... - Read More

Early results indicate potential for focused ultrasound to treat OCD

A recently published report in the Journal of Molecular Psychiatry supports the potential of focused ultrasound to treat certain patients with obsessive compulsive disorder OCD In a study of feasibility safety and preliminary efficacy four ... - Read More

New way to plug 'leaky' light cavities demonstrated

Engineers at the University of California San Diego have demonstrated a new and more efficient way to trap light using a phenomenon called bound states in the continuum BIC that was first proposed in the ... - Read More

New insights into predicting future droughts in California: Natural cycles, sea surface temperatures found to be main drivers in ongoing event

According to a new NOAA sponsored study natural oceanic and atmospheric patterns are the primary drivers behind California's ongoing drought A high pressure ridge off the West Coast typical of historic droughts prevailed for three ... - Read More

Caribbean gorgonian corals are resistant to ocean acidification

A new study on tropical shallow water soft corals known as gorgonians found that the species were able to calcify and grow under elevated carbon dioxide concentrations These results suggest that Caribbean gorgonian corals may ... - Read More

Staining every nerve: New approach offers scientists best image resolution

Scientists can now explore nerves in mice in much greater detail than ever before thanks to an approach developed by scientists at the European Molecular Biology Laboratory EMBL in Monterotondo Italy The work published online ... - Read More

New technique could harvest more of the sun's energy

As solar panels become less expensive and capable of generating more power solar energy is becoming a more commercially viable alternative source of electricity However the photovoltaic cells now used to turn sunlight into electricity ... - Read More

Nanoscale resistors for quantum devices

The electrical characteristics of new thin film chromium oxide resistors that can be tuned by controlling the oxygen content detailed in the Journal of Applied Physics Researchers from the London Centre for Nanotechnology have made ... - Read More

Composite materials can be designed in a supercomputer 'virtual lab'

UCL scientists have shown how advanced computer simulations can be used to design new composite materials Nanocomposites which are widely used in industry are revolutionary materials in which microscopic particles are dispersed through plastics But ... - Read More

Cancer therapy shows promise for nuclear medicine treatment

Cancer therapy can be much more effective using a new way to customize nuclear medicine treatment researchers say in the December 2014 issue of The Journal of Nuclear Medicine The process could also be useful ... - Read More

The gold standard: Affordable catalyst for energy and environmental applications

Precious elements such as platinum work well as catalysts in chemical reactions but require large amounts of metal and can be expensive However computational modeling below the nanoscale level may allow researchers to design more ... - Read More

Commonalities in how different glassy materials fail

Glass is mysterious It is a broad class of materials that extends well beyond the everyday window pane but one thing that these disparate glasses seem to have in common is that they have nothing ... - Read More

Fracking and pollution: Technology-dependent emissions of gas extraction in the US

Not all boreholes are the same Scientists of the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology KIT used mobile measurement equipment to analyze gaseous compounds emitted by the extraction of oil and natural gas in the USA For ... - Read More

Optogenetics: Identifying new targets for intervention

Optogenetics is one of the hottest tools in biomedical research today a method that uses gene therapy to deliver light sensitive proteins into specific cells This new tool allows researchers to interact with a single ... - Read More

Ultrafast complex molecular simulations by ‘cutting up molecules’

Scientists at ITbM Nagoya University and AIST have developed an ultrafast quantum chemical method which allows rapid and accurate simulations of complex molecular systems consisting of thousands of molecules Nagoya Japan Professor Stephan Irle and ... - Read More

Scientists reveal parchment's hidden stories

Millions of documents stored in archives could provide scientists with the key to tracing the development of agriculture in the British Isles over the last 700 years according to new research at the University of ... - Read More

Easy measurement of the effect of fine dust

Fine dusts from industry traffic and households are omnipresent Still they are difficult to capture by reliable medical measurements KIT researchers have now developed an exposure system by means of which biological cells are exposed ... - Read More

Visualizing DNA double-strand break process for the first time

Scientists from the Spanish National Cancer Research Centre CNIO led by Guillermo Montoya have developed a method for producing biological crystals that has allowed scientists to observe for the first time DNA double chain breaks ... - Read More

Complementary light switchable proteins and superresolution reveal moving protein complexes in live cells at single molecule level

Cells are restless They move during embryogenesis tissue repair regeneration chemotaxis Even in disease tumor metastasis cells get around To do this they have to keep reorganizing their cytoskeleton removing pieces from one end of ... - Read More

Nanoparticle cluster manufacturing technique using DNA binding protein developed

Scientists in South Korea used the Zinc Finger protein to develop a new manufacturing technique for size controllable magnetic Nanoparticle Clusters Professor Hak Sung Kim of the Department of Biological Sciences at Korea Advanced Institute ... - Read More
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