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News articles about "Materials"

Broadening the scope for synthesizing optically active compounds

Chiral compounds are increasingly important in chemical manufacturing They are distinguished by a special kind of asymmetry in their molecular structure Yutaka Ukaji and colleagues at Kanazawa University have now developed a method for desymmetrising ... - Read More

Can plants provide petroleum-derived chemicals?

Plant scientists at the U S Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have found that certain enzymes responsible for desaturating fatty acids the building blocks of oils can link up to efficiently pass intermediate products ... - Read More

The promise of purple for enhanced bioimaging

Newly detected 'energy clustering' structures inside rare earth nanoparticles generate intense violet light which is ideal for studying photon induced transformations Labeling biomolecules with light emitting nanoparticles is a powerful technique for observing cell movement ... - Read More

Making it big: Metamaterial applications a step closer to reality

Metamaterials are engineered to interact with light and sound waves in ways that natural materials cannot They thus have the potential to be used in exciting new applications such as invisibility cloaks high resolution lenses ... - Read More

Catalytic upgrade: Better and cheaper renewable biofuels

New catalysts to remove oxygenated compounds from bio derived oils may lead to better and cheaper renewable biofuels Dwindling crude oil reserves accompanied by rising prices and environmental concerns have led to increased interest in ... - Read More

Toxicologists outline key health and environmental concerns associated with hydraulic fracturing

Date May 9 2014 Source Society of Toxicology Summary Since the rise in the use of hydraulic fracturing of shale to produce natural gas and oil many have debated the merits and detractions of the ... - Read More

Exploring the magnetism of a single atom

Magnetic devices like hard drives magnetic random access memories MRAMs molecular magnets and quantum computers depend on the manipulation of magnetic properties In an atom magnetism arises from the spin and orbital momentum of its ... - Read More

Detecting trace amounts of explosives with light

University of Adelaide research may help in the fight against terrorism with the creation of a sensor that can detect tiny quantities of explosives with the use of light and special glass fibres Published in ... - Read More

A lab in your pocket: Using CAD to load dozens of tests on a lab-on-a-chip

When you get sick your physician may take a sample of your blood send it to the lab and wait for results In the near future however doctors may be able to run those tests ... - Read More

Nanoscope to probe chemistry on the molecular scale

For years scientists have had an itch they couldn't scratch Even with the best microscopes and spectrometers it's been difficult to study and identify molecules at the so called mesoscale a region of matter that ... - Read More

Light waves allow preferred bond breaking in symmetric molecules

Chemical bonds between carbon and hydrogen atoms are amongst the strongest in nature and their selective breaking in particular in symmetric molecules is of interest to chemical synthesis and the development of new biologically active ... - Read More

New technology using fluorescent proteins tracks cancer cells circulating in blood

After cancer spreads finding and destroying malignant cells that circulate in the body is usually critical to patient survival Now researchers reporting in the Cell Press journal Chemistry & amp Biology have developed a new ... - Read More

'Electrosmog' disrupts orientation in migratory birds, scientists show

For the first time a research team led by Prof Dr Henrik Mouritsen a biologist and Lichtenberg Professor at the University of Oldenburg has been able to prove that the magnetic compass of robins fails ... - Read More

Regenerating plastic grows back after damage

Looking at a smooth sheet of plastic in one University of Illinois laboratory no one would guess that an impact had recently blasted a hole through it Illinois researchers have developed materials that not only ... - Read More

'Teenage' songbirds experience high mortality due to many causes, study finds

Nearly one third of songbird species across North America are experiencing long term declines Scientists have spent years researching potential causes for these population declines focusing on the birds when they have just hatched as ... - Read More

Antibiotic resistance genes are essentially everywhere

The largest metagenomic search for antibiotic resistance genes in the DNA sequences of microbial communities from around the globe has found that bacteria carrying those vexing genes turn up everywhere in nature that scientists look ... - Read More

Super-charged tropical trees: Borneo’s productive trees vitally important for global carbon cycling

A team of scientists has found that the woody growth of forests in north Borneo is half as great again as in the most productive forests of north west Amazonia an average difference of 3.2 ... - Read More

Fueling aviation with hardwoods

A key challenge in the biofuels landscape is to get more advanced biofuels fuels other than corn ethanol and vegetable oil based biodiesel into the transportation pool Utilization of advanced biofuels is stipulated by the ... - Read More

Discovery offers new possibilities for clean energy research: New high-efficiency thermoelectric material

University of Houston physicists have discovered a new thermoelectric material offering high performance at temperatures ranging from room temperature up to 300 degrees Celsius or about 573 degrees Fahrenheit This new material is better than ... - Read More

Atomic-level look at the enzyme telomerase may help unlock secrets of aging and cancer

ASU scientists together with collaborators from the Chinese Academy of Sciences in Shanghai have published in Nature Structural and Molecular Biology a first of its kind atomic level look at the enzyme telomerase that may ... - Read More
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