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News articles about "Materials"

Mapping behavior of charges in correlated spin-orbit coupled materials: Electronic disruption prods Mott insulator's conversion to metallic state

In a relatively recently discovered class of materials known as spin orbit Mott insulators theorists have predicted the emergence of new properties at points just beyond the insulating state when electronic manipulation can transform these ... - Read More

Two-dimensional material shows promise for optoelectronics: LEDs, photovoltaic cells, and light detectors

A team of MIT researchers has used a novel material that's just a few atoms thick to create devices that can harness or emit light This proof of concept could lead to ultrathin lightweight and ... - Read More

Turing's theory of chemical morphogenesis validated 60 years after his death

Alan Turing's accomplishments in computer science are well known but lesser known is his impact on biology and chemistry In his only paper on biology Turing proposed a theory of morphogenesis or how identical copies ... - Read More

BPA linked to breast cancer tumor growth

UT Arlington biochemists say their newly published study brings researchers a step closer to understanding how the commonly used synthetic compound bisphenol A or BPA may promote breast cancer growth Subhrangsu Mandal associate professor of ... - Read More

Offshore dispersant data and decisions

Dispersants are often used in oil spill responses because they may mitigate the environmental impacts of the spill by moving the oil from the water surface into the water column enhancing its biodegradation While this ... - Read More

Sun's energy influences 1,000 years of natural climate variability in North Atlantic

Changes in the sun's energy output may have led to marked natural climate change in Europe over the last 1000 years according to researchers at Cardiff University The study found that changes in the Sun's ... - Read More

First animals oxygenated the ocean

The evolution of the first animals may have oxygenated the earth's oceans contrary to the traditional view that a rise in oxygen triggered their development New research led by the University of Exeter contests the ... - Read More

7-Tesla MRI scanner allows even more accurate diagnosis of breast cancer

Taking part in a recent study scientists at the MedUni Vienna have demonstrated for the first time worldwide that 7 Tesla ultra high field magnetic resonance imaging MRI can be used for clinical applications in ... - Read More

New innovation could mean eye injections are a thing of the past

Drugs used to treat blindness causing disorders could be successfully administered by eye drops rather than unpleasant and expensive eye injections according to new research led by UCL scientists that could be a breakthrough for ... - Read More

Blue paint on Japanese bullet trains can inhibit bacterial growth

Using an artificial protein that contains metal researchers at Nagoya University were able to inhibit the growth of a pathogenic bacterium prevalent in hospitals which cause diseases to humans and has a high resistance to ... - Read More

Four new human-made ozone depleting gases found in the atmosphere

Scientists at the University of East Anglia have identified four new human made gases in the atmosphere all of which are contributing to the destruction of the ozone layer New research published today in the ... - Read More

Effective thermal insulation with wood foam

Insulation materials of tomorrow must be both efficient and environmentally friendly Fraunhofer scientists are developing insulation foam made from wood that could re place petrochemical plastics in the long term Climate protection is now a ... - Read More

Promising news for producing fuels through artificial photosynthesis

There's promising news from the front on efforts to produce fuels through artificial photosynthesis A new study by Berkeley Lab researchers at the Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis JCAP shows that nearly 90 percent of ... - Read More

Combatting hospital-acquired infections with protein metal complex

A protein containing a metal complex for blue paint inhibits growth of a pathogenic bacterium through iron deprivation Professor Yoshihito Watanabe WPI ITbM Cooperating Researcher Associate Professor Osami Shoji Ms Chikako Shirataki of Nagoya University ... - Read More

UV light accelerates cancer cells that creep along outside of blood vessels

Based on the pioneering work of Dr Claire Lugassy and Dr Raymond Barnhill at UCLA's Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center a new study provides additional support for a process by which melanoma cells a deadly form ... - Read More

Promising results with local hyperthermia of tumors

A combination of iron oxide nanoparticles and an alternating magnetic field which together generate heat have activated an immune system response to tumors in mice according to an accepted manuscript by Dartmouth Hitchcock Norris Cotton ... - Read More

Research tests which nano system works best in killing cancer cells

In current research related to improving cancer treatments one promising area of research is the effort to find ways to selectively pinpoint and target cancer cells while minimizing effects on healthy cells In that effort ... - Read More

A new renewable energy source? Device captures energy from Earth's infrared emissions to outer space

When the sun sets on a remote desert outpost and solar panels shut down what energy source will provide power through the night A battery perhaps or an old diesel generator Perhaps something strange and ... - Read More

Engineering team increases power efficiency for future computer processors

Have you ever wondered why your laptop or smartphone feels warm when you're using it That heat is a byproduct of the microprocessors in your device using electric current to power computer processing functions and ... - Read More

Big step for next-generation fuel cells and electrolyzers

A big step in the development of next generation fuel cells and water alkali electrolyzers has been achieved with the discovery of a new class of bimetallic nanocatalysts that are an order of magnitude higher ... - Read More
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