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News articles about "Materials"

Fruit flies, fighter jets use similar nimble tactics when under attack

When startled by predators tiny fruit flies respond like fighter jets employing screaming fast banked turns to evade attacks Researchers at the University of Washington used an array of high speed video cameras operating at ... - Read More

A modern twist on Young's slits

A landmark experiment on wave interference from the early 1800s is revisited using gold nanoparticles In the eighteenth century scientists faced a conundrum is light a wave or a particle One of strongest pieces of ... - Read More

Sneak a peek through the mist to technology of the future

A tabletop display with personal screens made from a curtain of mist that allow users to move images around and push through the fog screens and onto the display will be unveiled at an international ... - Read More

Engineers design 'living materials': Hybrid materials combine bacterial cells with nonliving elements that emit light

Inspired by natural materials such as bone a matrix of minerals and other substances including living cells MIT engineers have coaxed bacterial cells to produce biofilms that can incorporate nonliving materials such as gold nanoparticles ... - Read More

Shifting evolution into reverse promises cheaper, greener way to make new drugs

This alternative approach to creating artificial organic molecules called bioretrosynthesis was first proposed four years ago by Brian Bachmann associate professor of chemistry at Vanderbilt University Now Bachmann and a team of collaborators report that ... - Read More

Researcher: Study on Element Could Change Ballgame on Radioactive Waste

and it’s what Florida State Professor Thomas Albrecht Schmitt the lead researcher on the project calls “wicked stuff ” In carefully choreographed experiments Albrecht Schmitt and his colleagues found that californium had amazing abilities to ... - Read More

Forests crucial to green growth

The value of forests and tree based ecosystems extends far beyond carbon sequestration they are the foundation of sustainable societies A new report launched in Jakarta Indonesia on 21 March the International Day of Forests ... - Read More

Seal teeth offer glimpse into the environmental past of Russia's Lake Baikal

March 21 marks World Water Day and a fitting time to consider one of the most unique mammals in Earth's waters The nerpa also known as the Baikal seal is the only seal that lives ... - Read More

Permafrost thaw exacerbates climate change

The climate is warming in the arctic at twice the rate of the rest of the globe creating a longer growing season and increased plant growth which captures atmospheric carbon and thawing permafrost which releases ... - Read More

Making synthetic diamond crystals in plasma reactor

Synthetic diamond crystals are of interest to many industrial sectors Their unique properties make them a suitable material for numerous applications including lenses for high energy laser optics X ray radiation detectors and ophthalmological scalpels ... - Read More

Dust in the wind drove iron fertilization during ice age

Researchers from Princeton University and the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich have confirmed that during the last ice age iron fertilization caused plankton to thrive in a region of the Southern Ocean The ... - Read More

Emerging carbon trading markets offer lessons

Although markets for trading carbon emission credits to reduce greenhouse gas emissions have stalled in United States federal policy making carbon markets are emerging at the state level within the U S and around the ... - Read More

It looks like rubber but isn't: What goes on in a concentrated solution of circular polymers?

The experimental and numerical study of the behaviour of polymers in concentrated solutions is a line of research that is still highly active In the past it enabled us to understand why materials like rubber ... - Read More

Switching an antibiotic on and off with light

Scientists of the KIT and the University of Kiev have produced an antibiotic whose biological activity can be controlled with light Thanks to the robust diarylethene photoswitch the antimicrobial effect of the peptide mimetic can ... - Read More

Mathematical equation that explains the behavior of nanofoams

A research study participated in by Universidad Carlos III de Madrid UC3M has discovered that nanometric size foam structures follow the same universal laws as does soap lather small bubbles disappear in favor of the ... - Read More

True value of cover crops to farmers, environment

Planting cover crops in rotation between cash crops widely agreed to be ecologically beneficial is even more valuable than previously thought according to a team of agronomists entomologists agroecologists horticulturists and biogeochemists from Penn State's ... - Read More

Ocean's carbon budget balanced: Supply of food to midwater organisms balanced with demands for food

Ocean scientists have for the first time successfully balanced the supply of food to midwater organisms with their demands for this food The depth at which they consume this sinking material regulates our climate by ... - Read More

Goldilocks principle: Earth's continued habitability due to geologic cycles that act as climate control

Researchers from USC and Nanjing University in China have documented evidence suggesting that part of the reason that Earth has become neither sweltering like Venus nor frigid like Mars lies with a built in atmospheric ... - Read More

Nanoparticle-based coating for aircraft engines may triple service life and reduce fuel consumption

Researchers at University West in Sweden have started using nanoparticles in the heat insulating surface layer that protects aircraft engines from heat In tests this increased the service life of the coating by 300% This ... - Read More

Algae may be a potential source of biofuels and biochemicals even in cool climate

Algae are organisms useful in many ways in the transition towards a bio economy Even in a cool climate as in Finland algae might be used to produce biochemicals and biofuels besides use in capture ... - Read More
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