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All About Chemistry... 2011 and beyond

News articles about "Materials"

Breathing in diesel exhaust leads to changes 'deep under the hood'

Just two hours of exposure to diesel exhaust fumes can lead to fundamental health related changes in biology by switching some genes on while switching others off according to researchers at the University of British ... - Read More

Exposure to nanoparticles may threaten heart health

Nanoparticles extremely tiny particles measured in billionths of a meter are increasingly everywhere and especially in biomedical products Their toxicity has been researched in general terms but now a team of Israeli scientists has for ... - Read More

Students testing Indian toilets

A group of University of Delaware students and researchers spent New Year's in an unconventional way installing sanitation systems in India A team of researchers led by Steven K Dentel professor of civil and environmental ... - Read More

Solving a case of intercellular entrapment

Optogenetics which uses light to control cellular events is poised to become an important technology in molecular biology and beyond The Reich Group in UC Santa Barbara's Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry has made a ... - Read More

Neuroprosthetics for paralysis: Biocompatible, flexible implant slips into the spinal cord

EPFL scientists have managed to get rats walking on their own again using a combination of electrical and chemical stimulation But applying this method to humans would require multifunctional implants that could be installed for ... - Read More

Researchers create method that recovers high value metals for industries while protecting the environment

Researchers at the University of Guanajuato UGTO in middle Mexico developed an extraction column which recovers metals companies use in their production processes and thus avoid environmental pollution and lessen economic losses The column operates ... - Read More

A qubit candidate shines brighter

In the race to design the world's first universal quantum computer a special kind of diamond defect called a nitrogen vacancy NV center is playing a big role NV centers consist of a nitrogen atom ... - Read More

A repulsive material: New hydrogel dominated by electrostatic repulsion

In a world first achievement published in Nature scientists from the RIKEN Center for Emergent Matter Science in Japan along with colleagues from the National Institute of Material Science and the University of Tokyo have ... - Read More

Microscopy reveals how atom-high steps impede oxidation of metal surfaces

Rust never sleeps Whether a reference to the 1979 Neil Young album or a product designed to protect metal surfaces the phrase invokes the idea that corrosion from oxidation the more general chemical name for ... - Read More

Neutrinos can deliver not only full-on hits but also 'glancing blows'

In what they call a weird little corner of the already weird world of neutrinos physicists have found evidence that these tiny particles might be involved in a surprising reaction Neutrinos are famous for almost ... - Read More

Gift-wrapped gas molecules

A group of scientists led by researchers at the Université de Versailles' Institut Lavoisier in France has worked out how to stably gift wrap a chemical gas known as nitric oxide within metal organic frameworks ... - Read More

Glimpsing pathway of sunlight to electricity

Four pulses of laser light on nanoparticle photocells in a University of Oregon spectroscopy experiment has opened a window on how captured sunlight can be converted into electricity The work which potentially could inspire devices ... - Read More

A vegetarian carnivorous plant

Carnivorous plants catch and digest tiny animals in order and derive benefits for their nutrition Interestingly the trend towards vegetarianism seems to overcome carnivorous plants as well The aquatic carnivorous bladderwort which can be found ... - Read More

Dirty pool: Soil's large carbon stores could be freed by increased CO2, plant growth

An increase in human made carbon dioxide in the atmosphere could initiate a chain reaction between plants and microorganisms that would unsettle one of the largest carbon reservoirs on the planet soil Researchers based at ... - Read More

What 'fecal prints' of microbes can tell us about Earth's evolution

Everything that eats must excrete and microbes are no exception Microbes have dominated Earth's ecology for at least the past 3.5 billion years They play a vital role in the planet's carbon cycle by digesting ... - Read More

A weld of difference: Higher welding speed improves the quality of welds between dissimilar alloys

Simple changes in technique can yield big improvements say A*STAR researchers investigating how welding speed and the placement of materials affect the quality of welds between dissimilar alloys They discovered that the tensile strength increases ... - Read More

Instant-start computers possible with new breakthrough

To encode data today's computer memory technology uses electric currents a major limiting factor for reliability and shrinkability and the source of significant power consumption If data could instead be encoded without current for example ... - Read More

Study fuels hope for natural gas cars: Metal organic framework candidates for methane storage identified

Cars that run on natural gas are touted as efficient and environmentally friendly but getting enough gas onboard to make them practical is a hurdle A new study led by researchers at Rice University promises ... - Read More

Creation of 'rocker' protein opens way for new smart molecules in medicine, other fields

Human cells are protected by a largely impenetrable molecular membrane but researchers have built the first artificial transporter protein that carries individual atoms across membranes opening the possibility of engineering a new class of smart ... - Read More

A gold catalyst for clear water: Mixed nanoparticle systems may help purify water and generate hydrogen

Improved photocatalyst microparticles containing gold nanoparticles can be used to purify water A new catalyst could have dramatic environmental benefits if it can live up to its potential suggests research from Singapore A*STAR researchers have ... - Read More
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