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News articles about "Materials"

Surface-modified nanoparticles endow coatings with combined properties

Nanoparticles are specifically adapted to the particular application by Small Molecule Surface Modification SMSM Thereby surfaces of workpieces or mouldings are expected to exhibit several different functions at one and the same time Fabricators and ... - Read More

Novel nanoparticle therapy promotes wound healing

An experimental therapy developed by researchers at Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University cut in half the time it takes to heal wounds compared to no treatment at all Details of the therapy ... - Read More

Chemists make new silicon-based nanomaterials

Chemists from Brown University have found a way to make new 2 D graphene like semiconducting nanomaterials using an old standby of the semiconductor world silicon In a paper published in the journal Nanoletters the ... - Read More

Magnetic quantum crystals

In experiments with ultracold rubidium atoms MPQ scientists create magnetic quantum crystals made of gigantic Rydberg atoms Materials with a defined crystal structure are a familiar phenomenon in condensed matter physics A crystal exhibits a ... - Read More

Bacteria can use magnetic particles to create a 'natural battery'

New research shows bacteria can use tiny magnetic particles to effectively create a 'natural battery ' According to work published in journal Science on 27 March the bacteria can load electrons onto and discharge electrons ... - Read More

Nuclear weapon modernization program

Sandia National Laboratories has begun making silicon wafers for three nuclear weapon modernization programs the largest production series in the history of its Microsystems and Engineering Sciences Applications complex MESA's silicon fab in October began ... - Read More

Novel Plastic Could Spur New Green Energy Applications, 'Artificial Muscles'

Voit needs to make them more powerful One approach for accomplishing this was developed by a UT Dallas colleague Ray Baughman Ph D took a bundle of nylon fibers about the width of ten strands ... - Read More

Rethinking wetland restoration: Smaller wetlands more valuable than previously thought

Most efforts to protect and restore wetlands mistakenly focus on preserving only total wetland area with no consideration of ecosystem services provided by different wetland types according to a new study from the University of ... - Read More

Possible existence of neutral atomic hydrogen in rock in Earth's deep interior

Date March 25 2015 Source National Institute for Materials Science NIMS Summary A new finding challenges the established dogma that hydrogen exists in the form of a hydroxyl group i e water in silicate minerals ... - Read More

Greenhouse gases unbalanced: How human intervention changes wetlands

Natural wetlands usually emit methane and sequester carbon dioxide Anthropogenic interventions in particular the conversion of wetlands for agriculture result in a significant increase in CO2 emissions which overcompensate potential decreases in methane emission A ... - Read More

Shell-shocked: Ocean acidification likely hampers tiny shell builders in Southern Ocean

A University of Colorado Boulder study shows a ubiquitous type of phytoplankton tiny organisms that are the base of the marine food web appears to be suffering from the effects of ocean acidification caused by ... - Read More

Discovery could yield more efficient portable electronics, solar cells

By figuring out how to precisely order the molecules that make up what scientists call organic glass the materials at the heart of some electronic displays light emitting diodes and solar cells a team of ... - Read More

Mimicking nature's chemistry to solve global environmental problems

What many people might call the daily laboratory grind Theodore Betley Ph D calls play As a student he developed a passion for lab work that could now pay off for the rest of the ... - Read More

Optimising soft-optoelectronics materials through molecular engineering

Molecules used to make optoelectronic devices can be engineered to have specific properties making the production of high performance optoelectronic devices more efficient according to a paper in Science and Technology of Advanced Materials The ... - Read More

The first observation of the effect of electron spin of molecular oxygen on the surface oxidation reaction

Mitsunori Kurahashi a Chief Researcher of the Nano Characterization Unit Unit Director Daisuke Fujita National Institute for Materials Science President Sukekatsu Ushioda and Yasushi Yamauchi a Group Leader in the same unit presented the first ... - Read More

Printable particles for large, curved luminous surfaces

Light emitting diodes LEDs are the modern lighting devices used in lamps signals signs or displays By contrast organic semiconducting light emitting materials OLEDs can be incorporated in thin layers and used on curved surfaces ... - Read More

Desalination with nanoporous graphene membrane

Less than 1 percent of Earth's water is drinkable Removing salt and other minerals from our biggest available source of water seawater may help satisfy a growing global population thirsty for fresh water for drinking ... - Read More

Goodbye to sunburn thanks to sunburn indicator

Sunbathers could soon tell when to take shelter in the shade thanks to an early warning sunburn indicator developed by Queen's University Belfast Researchers at Queen's have developed a strip of plastic containing 'smart' ink ... - Read More

Nanorobotic agents open the blood-brain barrier, offering hope for new brain treatments

Magnetic nanoparticles can open the blood brain barrier and deliver molecules directly to the brain say researchers from the University of Montreal Polytechnique Montréal and CHU Sainte Justine This barrier runs inside almost all vessels ... - Read More

Carbon nanotube fibers make superior links to brain

Carbon nanotube fibers invented at Rice University may provide the best way to communicate directly with the brain The fibers have proven superior to metal electrodes for deep brain stimulation and to read signals from ... - Read More
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