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News articles about "Materials"

Sustainable barnacle-repelling paint could help the shipping industry and the environment

Barnacles might seem like a given part of a seasoned ship's hull but they're literally quite a drag and cause a ship to burn more fuel To prevent these and other hangers on from slowing ... - Read More

New tool to investigate the chemistry of nature: Laser-based tabletop setup generates ultrashort XUV light pulses

The Aziz' team at the Joint Laboratory between Freie Universität Berlin and HZB has built a laser based tabletop setup which generates ultrashort XUV light pulses and achieves their monochromatization by implementing special reflection zone ... - Read More

MRI-guided biopsy for brain cancer improves diagnosis

Neurosurgeons at UC San Diego Heath System have for the first time combined real time magnetic resonance imaging MRI technology with novel non invasive cellular mapping techniques to develop a new biopsy approach that increases ... - Read More

Bacteria combat dangerous gas leaks

Bacteria could mop up naturally occurring and human made leaks of natural gases before they are released into the atmosphere and cause global warming according to new research from the University of East Anglia Findings ... - Read More

Rhode Island: Nitrogen cycle differs in bay and sound

A new study reports that anammox a key process in the nitrogen cycle is barely present in Narragansett Bay even though it's a major factor just a little farther out into Rhode Island Sound Scientists ... - Read More

Urban river pollutants suppress wild bird development

Findings reveal that chicks of the Eurasian Dipper – a river bird that feeds exclusively on insects and fish in upland streams – are underweight compared to their rural counterparts Credit Image courtesy of Cardiff ... - Read More

Fridges cooled by magnetism? Newly identified 'universal' property of metamagnets may lead to everyday uses

A new physics discovery made by a University of Virginia led team may lead to more efficient refrigerators heat pumps and airport scanners among many possible uses perhaps within a decade The team of physicists ... - Read More

Scientists track ripples in freestanding graphene for first time

An international team of scientists led by physicists at the University of Arkansas has tracked the dynamic movement of ripples in freestanding graphene at the atomic level This discovery advances the fundamental understanding of one ... - Read More

Bringing fiber optics to electronic components

Fiber optics increased the speed and quantity of information that can be transmitted through the Internet by transforming electrical signals into pulsating light The same can be done within laptops and other devices by using ... - Read More

Cheap, environmentally-friendly method for making transparent conductive films for laptops, smartphones, solar cells

Transparent conductive films are now an integral part of our everyday lives Whether in smartphones tablets laptops flat screens or on a larger scale in solar cells Yet they are expensive and complex to manufacture ... - Read More

New fluorescent hybrid material changes color according to direction of light

The UPV EHU's Molecular Spectroscopy Group in collaboration with the Institute of Catalysis and Petroleum Chemistry of the CSIC Spanish National Research Council has developed a highly fluorescent hybrid material that changes colour depending on ... - Read More

Submarine: 'Virtual periscope' sees above-surface/airborne objects from underwater view

Up periscope may become a submarine commander's outdated order thanks to a team of Technion Israel Institute of Technology researchers who have developed a new technology for viewing objects above the water's surface without a ... - Read More

Label-free, sequence-specific, inexpensive fluorescent DNA sensors

Using principles of energy transfer more commonly applied to designing solar cells scientists at the U S Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have developed a new highly sensitive way to detect specific sequences of ... - Read More

Graphene very mobile in lakes: Risks of negative environmental impacts if released

In a first of its kind study of how a material some think could transform the electronics industry moves in water researchers at the University of California Riverside Bourns College of Engineering found graphene oxide ... - Read More

How costly are natural hazards? Experts link cost assessment with risk management

Costs of natural hazards are at historically high levels and show an increasing trend Cost assessments of natural hazards often only cover direct costs and even these are assumed to be at least 50% higher ... - Read More

Water test for the world: Simple pill brings lab to water to test for contamination

Inspiration can come in many forms but this one truly was a breath of fresh air A group of McMaster researchers has solved the problem of cumbersome expensive and painfully slow water testing by turning ... - Read More

Determining biocontainers' carbon footprint

Many efforts to reduce the environmental impacts associated with commercial horticulture production have failed to influence the general public For example one recent study showed that the use of organic fertilizers offered no significant marketing ... - Read More

New record operation temperature for quantum-cascade lasers

For the observation of cold matter in the interstellar medium astronomers need instruments for the detection of terahertz radiation Specific high resolution instruments are based on terahertz quantum cascade lasers but operate only at cryogenic ... - Read More

Beyond graphene: Controlling properties of 2-D materials

The isolation of graphene at the University in 2004 led to the discovery of many other 2D crystals While graphene has an unrivalled set of superlatives these crystals cover a large range of properties from ... - Read More

Flexible battery, no lithium required: Lab creates thin-film battery for portable, wearable electronics

A Rice University laboratory has flexible portable and wearable electronics in its sights with the creation of a thin film for energy storage Rice chemist James Tour and his colleagues have developed a flexible material ... - Read More
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