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News articles about "Materials"

Smaller microchips that keep their cool

Temperatures often over 200 degrees C occur in geothermal and oil production conventional microelectronics hit their limits there Researchers have now fabricated compact microchips that can keep their cool even at 300 degrees C An ... - Read More

Revealing the healing of 'dino-sores': Examining broken bones in 150-million-year-old predatory dinosaur

Scientists have used state of the art imaging techniques to examine the cracks fractures and breaks in the bones of a 150 million year old predatory dinosaur The University of Manchester researchers say their groundbreaking ... - Read More

Sprites form at plasma irregularities in the lower ionosphere

Atmospheric sprites have been known for nearly a century but their origins were a mystery Now a team of researchers has evidence that sprites form at plasma irregularities and may be useful in remote sensing ... - Read More

Surgeons 'light up' GI tract to safely remove gall bladder

A green fluorescent dye is helping surgeons at the University of Illinois Hospital & amp Health Sciences System perform robotic gall bladder surgery more safely UI Health surgeons used near infrared light to make the ... - Read More

Two-lock box delivers cancer therapy: Nano-delivery system targets cancer cells

Rice University scientists have designed a tunable virus that works like a safe deposit box It takes two keys to open it and release its therapeutic cargo The Rice lab of bioengineer Junghae Suh has ... - Read More

Using DNA to build tool that may literally shine light on cancer

Bioengineers at the University of Rome Tor Vergata and the University of Montreal have used DNA to develop a tool that detects and reacts to chemical changes caused by cancer cells and that may one ... - Read More

Predator-prey made simple: Simplifying studies of predator-prey interactions and other 'bistable' systems

A team of U K researchers has developed a way to dramatically reduce the complexity of modeling bistable systems which involve the interaction of two evolving species where one changes faster than the other slow ... - Read More

Graphene for real-world devices: New research in phonon scattering sheds more light on graphene as a replacement for silicon

Graphene a one atom thick form of the carbon material graphite has been hailed as a wonder material strong light nearly transparent and an excellent conductor of electricity and heat But a number of practical ... - Read More

How do our cells move? Liquid droplets could explain

'Cell migration' is a broad term for all the processes associated with the movement of cells from one location to another It lies at the core of biological processes like embryonic development immune responses and ... - Read More

New mathematical framework to characterize shape of graphene

Scientists studying graphene's properties are using a new mathematical framework to make extremely accurate characterizations of the two dimensional material's shape Graphene discovered in 2004 is a one atom thick sheet of graphite The properties ... - Read More

Nanoengineers develop basis for electronics that stretch at the molecular level

Nanoengineers at the University of California San Diego are asking what might be possible if semiconductor materials were flexible and stretchable without sacrificing electronic function Today's flexible electronics are already enabling a new generation of ... - Read More

Fluorescent sensor developed for detecting nitric oxide, a molecule related to many diseases

The detection of certain chemical compounds in our body is essential to prevent many diseases and set out their treatment Thus making advances in the development of compounds that can be easily detected is key ... - Read More

Terahertz imaging on the cheap: Fewer sensors required for high-resolution imaging systems

Terahertz imaging which is already familiar from airport security checkpoints has a number of other promising applications from explosives detection to collision avoidance in cars Like sonar or radar terahertz imaging produces an image by ... - Read More

Genetic approach helps design broadband metamaterial

A specially formed material that can provide custom broadband absorption in the infrared can be identified and manufactured using genetic algorithms according to Penn State engineers who say these metamaterials can shield objects from view ... - Read More

Clues for superconductivity in an iron-based material

For the first time scientists have a clearer understanding of how to control the appearance of a superconducting phase in a material adding crucial fundamental knowledge and perhaps setting the stage for advances in the ... - Read More

Environmental hormones: Tiny amounts, big effects on fish

Empty nets and few species environmental hormones are believed responsible for the diminishing numbers of fish How damaging are these substances really though Studies that depict a complete picture of the lives of fish provide ... - Read More

Evolution in species may reverse predator-prey population cycles

Populations of predators and their prey usually follow predictable cycles When the number of prey increases perhaps as their food supply becomes more abundant predator populations also grow When the predator population becomes too large ... - Read More

Tracking proteins in single HIV particle

An interdisciplinary team of scientists from KU Leuven in Belgium has developed a new technique to examine how proteins interact with each other at the level of a single HIV viral particle The technique allows ... - Read More

Taking the lead out of a promising solar cell: Environmentally friendly solar cell pushes forward the 'next big thing in photovoltaics'

Northwestern University researchers are the first to develop a new solar cell with good efficiency that uses tin instead of lead perovskite as the harvester of light The low cost environmentally friendly solar cell can ... - Read More

Scientific name proposed for rapid and sudden increases in temperature

In an article published in the scientific journal Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences the researchers Jordi Mazon and David Pino of the Castelldefels School of Telecommunications and Aerospace Engineering EETAC of the Universitat Politècnica ... - Read More
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