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News articles about "Materials"

Researchers part water: 'electric prism' separates water's nuclear spin states

Using an electric prism scientists have found a new way of separating water molecules that differ only in their nuclear spin states and under normal conditions do not part ways Since water is such a ... - Read More

Life forms appeared at least 60 million years earlier than previously thought

Geologists from Trinity College Dublin have rewritten the evolutionary history books by finding that oxygen producing life forms were present on Earth some 3 billion years ago a full 60 million years earlier than previously ... - Read More

Declining levels of acidity in Sierra Nevada lakes, study concludes

California's water supply depends on a clean snow pack and healthy mountain lakes The lakes receive a large amount of runoff in the spring from the melting snowpack If the snowpack is polluted the lakes ... - Read More

Titania-based material holds promise as new insulator for superconductors

Research from North Carolina State University shows that a type of modified titania or titanium dioxide holds promise as an electrical insulator for superconducting magnets allowing heat to dissipate while preserving the electrical paths along ... - Read More

New synthesis method may shape future of nanostructures, clean energy

A team of University of Maryland physicists has published new nanoscience advances that they and other scientists say make possible new nanostructures and nanotechnologies with huge potential applications ranging from clean energy and quantum computing ... - Read More

Switching clicks in polymers: Thermoset materials acquire thermoplastic properties with the aid of triazolinediones

At Ghent University Belgium a new type of so called ‘click’ chemistry has been introduced Like with most of click chemistry it is based on a long known efficient chemical reaction which was now also ... - Read More

Grooving crystal surfaces repel water

Researchers from Kyoto University in Japan have developed a novel way to waterproof new functionalized materials involved in gas storage and separation by adding exterior surface grooves Their study published in the journal Angewandte Chemie ... - Read More

Breakthrough for carbon nanotube solar cells: Twice as efficient as current models

Lighter more flexible and cheaper than conventional solar cell materials carbon nanotubes CNTs have long shown promise for photovoltaics But research stalled when CNTs proved to be inefficient converting far less sunlight into power than ... - Read More

To clean air and beyond: Catching greenhouse gases with advanced membranes

Researchers in Japan have engineered a membrane with advanced features capable of removing harmful greenhouse gases from the atmosphere Their findings published in the British journal Nature Communications may one day contribute to lower greenhouse ... - Read More

Atomically thin material opens door for integrated nanophotonic circuits

A new combination of materials can efficiently guide electricity and light along the same tiny wire a finding that could be a step towards building computer chips capable of transporting digital information at the speed ... - Read More

Magnetic nanocubes self-assemble into helical superstructures

Materials made from nanoparticles hold promise for myriad applications from improved solar energy production to perfect touch screens The challenge in creating these wonder materials is organizing the nanoparticles into orderly arrangements Nanoparticles of magnetite ... - Read More

Seeing below the surface: Ultra-thin, high-speed detector captures unprecedented range of light waves

New research at the University of Maryland could lead to a generation of light detectors that can see below the surface of bodies walls and other objects Using the special properties of graphene a two ... - Read More

Jet fuel ignition advancement

Researchers from MIPT Viktor Zhukov Vladislav Sechenov and Andrei Starikovsky have published experimental data on the combustion of jet fuel in the journal Fuel The results of their research are important for simulating processes in ... - Read More

Clues to trapping carbon dioxide in rock: Calcium carbonate takes multiple, simultaneous roads to different minerals

One of the most important molecules on earth calcium carbonate crystallizes into chalk shells and minerals the world over In a study led by the Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory researchers used a ... - Read More

Decoding the role of water in gold nanocatalysis: Secrets behind gold's unexpected oxidation activity uncovered

Researchers from the University of Houston and Trinity University have for the first time provided direct evidence of a water mediated reaction mechanism for the catalytic oxidation of carbon monoxide The work used gold nanoparticles ... - Read More

Artificial cells take their first steps: Movable cytoskeleton membrane fabricated for first time

Using only a few ingredients the biophysicist Prof Andreas Bausch and his team at the Technische Universität München TUM have successfully implemented a minimalistic model of the cell that can change its shape and move ... - Read More

Metallic alloy is tough and ductile at cryogenic temperatures

A new concept in metallic alloy design called high‐entropy alloys has yielded a multiple element material that not only tests out as one of the toughest on record but unlike most materials the toughness as ... - Read More

Ultra sensitive biosensor from molybdenite semiconductor developed

UC Santa Barbara researchers demonstrate atomically thin ultrasensitive and scalable molybdenum disulfide field effect transistor based biosensors and establish their potential for single molecule detection Move over graphene An atomically thin two dimensional ultrasensitive semiconductor ... - Read More

Continuing Bragg Legacy of Structure Determination

Released 5 Sep 2014 4 00 AM EDTEmbargo expired 7 Sep 2014 1 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom University of Adelaide more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations Nature ... - Read More

Rethinking the Basic Science of Graphene Synthesis

Released 5 Sep 2014 9 00 AM EDTEmbargo expired 7 Sep 2014 1 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom Penn State Materials Research Institute more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only ... - Read More
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