All About Chemistry... 2011 and beyond

News articles about "Materials"

Silk could be new 'green' material for next-generation batteries

Lithium ion batteries have enabled many of today's electronics from portable gadgets to electric cars But much to the frustration of consumers none of these batteries last long without a recharge Now scientists report in ... - Read More

Polymers designed for protection

Today's Soldiers rely on polymers as part of their protective systems Polymers are molecular chains that can vary from a few linked monomers to millions of chemical units With highly tunable properties and versatile processing ... - Read More

Graphene: A new tool for fighting cavities and gum disease?

Dental diseases which are caused by the overgrowth of certain bacteria in the mouth are among the most common health problems in the world Now scientists have discovered that a material called graphene oxide is ... - Read More

Physics of clouds: Long-held ideas about turbulence disproven

In 1941 Russian physicist Andrey Kolmogorov developed a theory of turbulence that has served as the basic foundation for our understanding of this important naturally occurring phenomenon Turbulence occurs when fluid flow is characterized by ... - Read More

Discovery demystifies origin of life phenomenon

The origin of life is still a mystery with many unsolved puzzles How were molecules created How did they assemble into large structures Among the conundrums the homochirality phenomenon upon which amino acids and sugars ... - Read More

New information helps predict future climate change impacts on global tropics

Researchers at the University of Montana Princeton University Stanford University and Rutgers University among others are collecting new measurements of tropical forests to gain a better understanding of how they respond to seasonal climate variations ... - Read More

Hidden greenhouse emissions revealed in new report

Restoration of wetlands can reduce greenhouse gas emissions This is shown in a report that has been written in part by researchers from the University of Gothenburg Former wetlands that have been drained and which ... - Read More

Methane in Arctic lake traced to groundwater from seasonal thawing

Global warming may ramp up the flow of methane from groundwater into Arctic lakes allowing more of the potent greenhouse gas to bubble out into the atmosphere according to a new study led by researchers ... - Read More

Small eddies produce global effects on climate change

The increasing strength of winds over the Southern Ocean has extended its ability to absorb carbon dioxide effectively delaying the impacts of global warming New research published in the Journal of Physical Research found the ... - Read More

Same forces as today caused climate changes 1.4 billion years ago

Natural forces have always caused the climate on Earth to fluctuate Now researchers have found geological evidence that some of the same forces as today were at play 1.4 billion years ago Fluctuating climate is ... - Read More

New gene sequencing technology like a high-powered microscope

A new gene sequencing technology allows us to explore the human genome at a much higher resolution than ever before with revolutionary implications for research and cancer diagnosis Outperforming existing technologies 'Capture Sequencing' CaptureSeq can ... - Read More

New research into materials for tooth fillings

Tooth decay is a serious health problem and it is often necessary to repair cavities Today they often use a composite filling material made of acrylate compounds as it resembles the colour of the teeth ... - Read More

How rivers creep, flow to shape landscapes over time

Rivers drive the evolution of Earth's surface by eroding and depositing sediment But for nearly a century geologists have puzzled over why theoretical models which use principles of physics to predict patterns of sediment transport ... - Read More

New approach combines biomass conversion, solar energy conversion

In a study published March 9 in Nature Chemistry University of Wisconsin Madison chemistry Professor Kyoung Shin Choi presents a new approach to combine solar energy conversion and biomass conversion two important research areas for ... - Read More

High performance, lightweight supercapacitor electrodes of the future

As a novel energy storage device supercapacitors have attracted substantial attention in recent years due to their ultra high charge and discharge rate excellent stability long cycle life and very high power density Imagine charging ... - Read More

Combination therapy best for low-grade brain tumors, clinical trial suggests

New clinical trial findings provide further evidence that combining chemotherapy with radiation therapy is the best treatment for people with a low grade form of brain cancer The findings come from a phase II study ... - Read More

Microbial soil cleanup at Fukushima

Proteins from salt loving halophilic microbes could be the key to cleaning up leaked radioactive strontium and caesium ions from the Fukushima Dai ichi Nuclear Power Plant incident in Japan The publication of the X ... - Read More

Fading orange-red in Van Gogh's paintings

Red lead is most familiar to us in orange red rustproof paint Artists have treasured the brilliant color of this pigment for their paintings since ancient times However various aging processes cause discoloration of the ... - Read More

New formula for identifying suitable graphene substrate

Physicists from Forschungszentrum Jülich have developed a criterion with which scientists can seek suitable substrate materials for graphene in a targeted way Interactions with the substrate material often lead to a loss of the amazing ... - Read More

Process for improving durability of glass identified

Researchers at the UCLA Henry Samueli School of Engineering and Applied Science and the Université Pierre et Marie Curie in Paris have identified a method for manufacturing longer lasting and stronger forms of glass The ... - Read More
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