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News articles about "Materials"

Complementary light switchable proteins and superresolution reveal moving protein complexes in live cells at single molecule level

Cells are restless They move during embryogenesis tissue repair regeneration chemotaxis Even in disease tumor metastasis cells get around To do this they have to keep reorganizing their cytoskeleton removing pieces from one end of ... - Read More

Nanoparticle cluster manufacturing technique using DNA binding protein developed

Scientists in South Korea used the Zinc Finger protein to develop a new manufacturing technique for size controllable magnetic Nanoparticle Clusters Professor Hak Sung Kim of the Department of Biological Sciences at Korea Advanced Institute ... - Read More

Drugs in the environment affect plant growth

By assessing the impacts of a range of non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs the research has shown that the growth of edible crops can be affected by these chemicals even at the very low concentrations ... - Read More

'Family' matters when predicting ecosystems' reaction to global change

Humans are rapidly changing the look and function of earth's ecosystems from the increase of greenhouse gases to the unintentional and harmful spread of plants and animals to new environments A major challenge for ecologists ... - Read More

Looking at El Niño's past to predict its future

The El Niño Southern Oscillation is Earth's main source of year to year climate variability but its response to global warming remains highly uncertain Scientists see a large amount of variability in the El Niño ... - Read More

Chemicals released during natural gas extraction may harm reproduction, development

Unconventional oil and gas UOG operations combine directional drilling and hydraulic fracturing or fracking to release natural gas from underground rock Recent discussions have centered on potential air and water pollution from chemicals used in ... - Read More

Greenhouse gases linked to African rainfall

Scientists may have solved a long standing enigma known as the African Humid Period an intense increase in cumulative rainfall in parts of Africa that began after a long dry spell following the end of ... - Read More

Engineer applies robot control theory to improve prosthetic legs

A University of Texas at Dallas professor applied robot control theory to enable powered prosthetics to dynamically respond to the wearer's environment and help amputees walk In research available online and in an upcoming print ... - Read More

A new look at the finer details of rust show an assumed atomic structure has been wrong all along

Magnetite or Fe3O4 is an elaborate kind of rust a regular lattice of oxygen and iron atoms But this material plays an increasingly important role as a catalyst in electronic devices and in medical applications ... - Read More

Light propagation in solar cells made visible

How can light which has been captured in a solar cell be examined in experiments Jülich scientists have succeeded in looking directly at light propagation within a solar cell by using a trick The photovoltaics ... - Read More

45-year physics mystery shows a path to quantum transistors

An odd iridescent material that's puzzled physicists for decades turns out to be an exotic state of matter that could open a new path to quantum computers and other next generation electronics Physicists at the ... - Read More

Bioplastic: Greener than ever

Polylactic acid is a degradable plastic used mostly for packaging To meet the rising demand ETH researchers have developed an eco friendly process to make large amounts of lactic acid from glycerol a waste by ... - Read More

Gut bacteria from a worm can degrade plastic

Plastic is well known for sticking around in the environment for years without breaking down contributing significantly to litter and landfills But scientists have now discovered that bacteria from the guts of a worm known ... - Read More

Citizen science increases environmental awareness, advocacy

Citizen science boosts environmental awareness and advocacy more than previously thought and can lead to broader public support for conservation efforts according to a new study by researchers at Duke University's Nicholas School of the ... - Read More

A glimmer of hope for corals as baby reef builders cope with acidifying oceans

While the threat of coral bleaching as a result of climate change poses a serious risk to the future of coral reefs world wide new research has found that some baby corals may be able ... - Read More

A molecular thread: Flexible metal–organic frameworks with a range of pore sizes are made by threading through molecular ligands

The ability to 'thread' a molecular ligand through a metal organic framework MOF to alter the pore size of the material and yet allow the MOF to retain its crystallinity and principal structural features has ... - Read More

Upsetting the stability of super-small gold clusters generates multifaceted nanocrystals with potent catalytic properties

A*STAR researchers have devised a way to destabilize gold nanoclusters so that they form tiny atomic nuclei that then grow together into perfectly proportioned 12 sided dodecahedron crystals These unique polyhedra have energy rich surfaces ... - Read More

Controlled emission and spatial splitting of electron pairs demonstrated

In quantum optics generating entangled and spatially separated photon pairs e g for quantum cryptography is already a reality So far it has however not been possible to demonstrate an analogous generation and spatial separation ... - Read More

More Hispanics earning bachelor’s degrees in physical sciences and engineering

A new report from the American Institute of Physics AIP Statistical Research Center has found that the number of Hispanic students receiving bachelor's degrees in the physical sciences and engineering has increased over the last ... - Read More

Ultrasound cuts costs in producing aluminium alloys

Scientists at Brunel University London have confirmed that treating molten metal with ultrasound is a cleaner greener and more efficient route to produce high quality castings Molten aluminium alloys at 700 °C naturally contain a ... - Read More
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