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News articles about "Materials"

'Molecular movies' will enable extraordinary gains in bioimaging, health research

Researchers have announced the creation of an imaging technology more powerful than anything that has existed before and is fast enough to observe life processes as they actually happen at the molecular level Chemical and ... - Read More

Enlightening cancer cells with optogenetics

Harald Janovjak Assistant Professor at IST Austria together with Michael Grusch Associate Professor at the Institute of Cancer Research of the Medical University of Vienna remote controlled the behaviour of cancer cells with light as ... - Read More

Muscle-powered bio-bots walk on command

A new generation of miniature biological robots is flexing its muscle Engineers at the University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign demonstrated a class of walking bio bots powered by muscle cells and controlled with electrical ... - Read More

Solar panels light the way from carbon dioxide to fuel

Research to curb global warming caused by rising levels of atmospheric greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide usually involves three areas Developing alternative energy sources capturing and storing greenhouse gases and repurposing excess greenhouse gases ... - Read More

Insights from nature for more efficient water splitting

Water splitting is one of the critical reactions that sustain life on earth and could be a key to the creation of future fuels It is a key in the process of photosynthesis through which ... - Read More

Watching individual neurons respond to magnetic therapy

Engineers and neuroscientists at Duke University have developed a method to measure the response of an individual neuron to transcranial magnetic stimulation TMS of the brain The advance will help researchers understand the underlying physiological ... - Read More

Algae as chemical raw materials

Chemists and biologists at the University of Konstanz have succeeded in transforming algae oil into high quality chemical raw materials via so called isomerizing alkoxycarbonylation This provides the foundation for the use of algae as ... - Read More

Water samples teeming with information: Emerging techniques for environmental monitoring

Setting effective conservation policies requires near real time knowledge of environmental conditions Scientists with Stanford's Center for Ocean Solutions propose using genetic techniques as a low cost quick way to collect such data Environmental policy ... - Read More

Artificial enzyme mimics natural detoxification mechanism in liver cells

Scientists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz JGU have discovered that molybdenum trioxide nanoparticles oxidize sulfite to sulfate in liver cells in analogy to the enzyme sulfite oxidase The functionalized Molybdenum trioxide nanoparticles can cross the ... - Read More

Reigning in chaos in particle colliders yields big results

When beams with trillions of particles go zipping around at near light speed there's bound to be some chaos Limiting that chaos in particle colliders is crucial for the groundbreaking results such experiments are designed ... - Read More

To address climate change, nothing substitutes for reducing carbon dioxide emissions

The politically expedient way to mitigate climate change is essentially no way at all according to a comprehensive new study by University of Chicago climatologist Raymond Pierrehumbert Among the climate pollutants humans put into the ... - Read More

High CO2 levels cause warming in tropics

The impact of the greenhouse gas CO2 on Earth's temperature is well established by climate models and temperature records over the past 100 years as well as coupled records of carbon dioxide concentration and temperature ... - Read More

Princess and the Pea? Invisibility cloak prevents an object from being felt

In the past years invisibility cloaks were developed for various senses Objects can be hidden from light heat or sound However hiding of an object from being touched still remained to be accomplished KIT scientists ... - Read More

Formation of organic thin-film transistors through room-temperature printing

Japanese researchers have established a process for forming organic thin film transistors TFTs conducting the entire printing process at room temperature under ambient atmospheric conditions Printed electronics the field in which electronic devices are produced ... - Read More

Concentrating solar power: Study shows greater potential

Concentrating solar power CSP could supply a substantial amount of current energy demand according to the study published in the journal Nature Climate Change In the Mediterranean region for example the study shows that a ... - Read More

Origin of life: Stanley Miller's forgotten experiments, analyzed

Stanley Miller the chemist whose landmark experiment published in 1953 showed how some of the molecules of life could have formed on a young Earth left behind boxes of experimental samples that he never analyzed ... - Read More

'Nanosubmarine' designed that delivers complementary molecules inside cells

With the continuing need for very small devices in therapeutic applications there is a growing demand for the development of nanoparticles that can transport and deliver drugs to target cells in the human body Recently ... - Read More

Deeper insights into protein folding

Study presents a new theoretical foundation explaining the mechanism of protein folding and unfolding in water Investigating the structure and dynamics of so called Meso Bio Nano MBN systems micron sized biological or nanotechnology entities ... - Read More

Packing hundreds of sensors into a single optical fiber for use in harsh environments

By fusing together the concepts of active fiber sensors and high temperature fiber sensors a team of researchers at the University of Pittsburgh has created an all optical high temperature sensor for gas flow measurements ... - Read More

Water-cleanup catalysts tackle biomass upgrading

Rice University chemical engineer Michael Wong has spent a decade amassing evidence that palladium gold nanoparticles are excellent catalysts for cleaning polluted water but even he was surprised at how well the particles converted biodiesel ... - Read More
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