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News articles about "Materials"

More efficient fuel cells for vehicles: Angling chromium to let oxygen through

Researchers have been trying to increase the efficiency of solid oxide fuel cells by lowering the temperatures at which they run More efficient fuel cells might gain wider use in vehicles or as quiet pollution ... - Read More

Self-cleaning surfaces: The importance of a single groove

An innovative algorithm exposes the energy pathways that cause super repellent surfaces to stop working 'Superhydrophobic' surfaces such as anti icing or self cleaning windows are remarkably effective at repelling water molecules However they may ... - Read More

World's largest DNA origami created

Researchers from North Carolina State University Duke University and the University of Copenhagen have created the world's largest DNA origami which are nanoscale constructions with applications ranging from biomedical research to nanoelectronics These origami can ... - Read More

New NASA probe will study Earth's forests in 3-D

A laser based instrument being developed for the International Space Station will provide a unique 3 D view of Earth's forests helping to fill in missing information about their role in the carbon cycle Called ... - Read More

Agricultural revolution in Africa could increase global carbon emissions

Productivity boosting agricultural innovations in Africa could lead to an increase in global deforestation rates and carbon emissions a Purdue University study finds Historically improvements in agricultural technology have conserved land and decreased carbon emissions ... - Read More

'Pick 'n' Mix' chemistry to grow cultures of bioactive molecules

Chemists at ETH Zürich and ITbM Nagoya University have developed a new method to build large libraries of bioactive molecules which can be used directly for biological assays by simply mixing a small number of ... - Read More

First graphene-based flexible display produced

A flexible display incorporating graphene in its pixels' electronics has been successfully demonstrated by the Cambridge Graphene Centre and Plastic Logic the first time graphene has been used in a transistor based flexible device The ... - Read More

How to estimate energy footprint in highways

Researchers at the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid have developed an application to estimate energy footprint in highways This application software HERA was developed by researchers of The Transport Research Centre TRANSyT at the Universidad Politécnica ... - Read More

US cityscapes show consistent patterns of 'urban evolution'

Most people think of city landscapes as simpler diminished versions of the wild forests and free flowing streams found in remote places But in a series of studies published Sept 10 2014 in a special ... - Read More

Residual hydraulic fracturing water not a risk to groundwater

Hydraulic fracturing fracking or hydrofracturing raises many concerns about potential environmental impacts especially water contamination Currently data show that the majority of water injected into wells stays underground triggering fears that it might find its ... - Read More

Doped graphene nanoribbons with potential

Graphene possesses many outstanding properties it conducts heat and electricity it is transparent harder than diamond and extremely strong But in order to use it to construct electronic switches a material must not only be ... - Read More

Co-flowing liquids can stabilize chaotic 'whipping' in microfluidic jets

Industrial wet spinning processes produce fibers from polymers and other materials by using tiny needles to eject continuous jets of liquid precursors The electrically charged liquids ejected from the needles normally exhibit a chaotic whipping ... - Read More

'Solid' light could compute previously unsolvable problems

Researchers at Princeton University have begun crystallizing light as part of an effort to answer fundamental questions about the physics of matter The researchers are not shining light through crystal they are transforming light into ... - Read More

Phosphorus a promising semiconductor: Physicists find 2-D form pays no heed to defects

Defects damage the ideal properties of many two dimensional materials like carbon based graphene Phosphorus just shrugs That makes it a promising candidate for nano electronic applications that require stable properties according to new research ... - Read More

Nuclear waste eaters: Scientists discover hazardous waste-eating bacteria

Tiny single cell organisms discovered living underground could help with the problem of nuclear waste disposal say researchers involved in a study at The University of Manchester Although bacteria with waste eating properties have been ... - Read More

Buckyballs and diamondoids in tiny electronic gadget: Two exotic types of carbon form molecule for steering electron flow

Scientists have married two unconventional forms of carbon one shaped like a soccer ball the other a tiny diamond to make a molecule that conducts electricity in only one direction This tiny electronic component known ... - Read More

Artificial membranes on silicon

Artificial membranes mimicking those found in living organisms have many potential applications ranging from detecting bacterial contaminants in food to toxic pollution in the environment to dangerous diseases in people Now a group of scientists ... - Read More

Miniature light-emitting devices and optical sensors: Pesky insect inspires practical technology

In our vain human struggle to kill flies our hands and swatters often come up lacking This is due to no fault of our own but rather to flies' compound eyes Arranged in a hexagonal ... - Read More

Ultra sensitive biosensor from molybdenite semiconductor: Potential for single-molecule detection

UC Santa Barbara researchers demonstrate atomically thin ultrasensitive and scalable molybdenum disulfide field effect transistor based biosensors and establish their potential for single molecule detection Move over graphene An atomically thin two dimensional ultrasensitive semiconductor ... - Read More

Looking deep inside a working lithium-ion battery

For the first time researchers have been able to open a kind of window into the inner workings of a lithium ion battery Using a neutron beam chemists and engineers at The Ohio State University ... - Read More
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