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News articles about "Materials"

New optogenetic tool for controlling neuronal signalling by blue light

Institute for Basic Science IBS has announced that a group of researchers led by Professor Won Do Heo have developed a new technology in the field of optogenetics that can remotely control specific receptors by ... - Read More

Lights out: Light pollution alters reproduction cycle in lemurs

Besides obscuring the stars light pollution can also disrupt the reproduction of light sensitive animals French scientists have shown that light pollution can override the natural reproductive cycle of some animals making them sexually active ... - Read More

From pencil marks to quantum computers

One of the hottest materials in condensed matter research today is graphene Graphene had an unlikely start it began with researchers messing around with pencil marks on paper Pencil lead is actually made of graphite ... - Read More

Identifying microbial species: New device will help identify the millions of bacteria that populate the world

Millions of microbial species populate the world but so far only a few have been identified due to the inability of most microbes to grow in the laboratory Edgar Goluch an engineer and Slava Epstein ... - Read More

Tool helps guide brain cancer surgery

A tool to help brain surgeons test and more precisely remove cancerous tissue was successfully used during surgery according to a Purdue University and Brigham and Women's Hospital study The Purdue designed tool sprays a ... - Read More

Hollow-fiber membranes could cut separation costs, energy use

Researchers have developed a microfluidic technique for fabricating a new class of metal organic framework MOF membranes inside hollow polymer fibers that are just a few hundred microns in diameter The new fabrication process believed ... - Read More

Safer, cheaper building blocks for future anti-HIV and cancer drugs

A team of researchers from KU Leuven in Belgium has developed an economical reliable and heavy metal free chemical reaction that yields fully functional 1 2 3 triazoles Triazoles are chemical compounds that can be ... - Read More

With 'ribbons' of graphene, width matters: A narrow enough ribbon will transform a high-performance conductor into a semiconductor

Using graphene ribbons of unimaginably small widths just several atoms across a group of researchers at the University of Wisconsin Milwaukee UWM has found a novel way to tune the wonder material causing the extremely ... - Read More

How knots can swap positions on a DNA strand

Physicists of Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz JGU and the Graduate School of Excellence Materials Science in Mainz MAINZ have been able with the aid of computer simulations to confirm and explain a mechanism by which ... - Read More

Plants respond to leaf vibrations caused by insects' chewing

Previous studies have suggested that plant growth can be influenced by sound and that plants respond to wind and touch Now researchers at the University of Missouri in a collaboration that brings together audio and ... - Read More

Kudzu can release soil carbon, accelerate global warming

Clemson University scientists are shedding new light on how invasion by exotic plant species affects the ability of soil to store greenhouse gases The research could have far reaching implications for how we manage agricultural ... - Read More

Lights out… light pollution alters reproduction cycle in lemurs

Besides obscuring the stars light pollution can also disrupt the reproduction of light sensitive animals French scientists have shown that light pollution can override the natural reproductive cycle of some animals making them sexually active ... - Read More

Scientists discover how 'plastic' solar panels work

Scientists don't fully understand how 'plastic' solar panels work which complicates the improvement of their cost efficiency thereby blocking the wider use of the technology However researchers at the University of Montreal the Science and ... - Read More

Nature of solids and liquids explored through new pitch drop experiment

Physicists at Queen Mary University of London have set up a new pitch drop experiment for students to explore the difference between solid and liquids Known as the 'world's longest experiment' the set up at ... - Read More

Inspired by nature, researchers create tougher metal materials

Drawing inspiration from the structure of bones and bamboo researchers have found that by gradually changing the internal structure of metals they can make stronger tougher materials that can be customized for a wide variety ... - Read More

How does your garden grow? 3-D root imaging in real time

Growing plants in a microscope is helping scientists to view roots developing in 3D and in real time With the growth conditions under our control we can explore how roots respond to different environmental conditions ... - Read More

Up in flames: Evidence confirms combustion theory

Researchers at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Lab Berkeley Lab and the University of Hawaii have uncovered the first step in the process that transforms gas phase molecules into solid particles like soot ... - Read More

Bolstering batteries with nanotubes

Researchers at the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory NREL are turning to extremely tiny tubes and rods to boost power and durability in lithium ion batteries the energy sources for cell phones laptops and ... - Read More

Toward a new way to keep electronics from overheating

Computer technology has transformed the way we live but as consumers expect ever more from their devices at faster speeds personal computers as well as larger electronic systems can overheat This can cause them to ... - Read More

Research could lead to dramatic energy savings at data farms

Washington State University has developed a wireless network on a computer chip that could reduce energy consumption at huge data farms by as much as 20 percent Researchers led by Partha Pande a computer engineering ... - Read More
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