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News articles about "Materials"

Direct evidence of gadolinium deposition in brain tissues following contrast-enhanced MRI exams

Mayo Clinic research finds direct evidence of gadolinium deposition in neuronal tissues following intravenous administration of gadolinium based contrast agents used in MRI exams The findings were recently published online in the journal Radiology In ... - Read More

Second natural quasicrystal ever found in ancient meteorite

A team from Princeton University and the University of Florence in Italy has discovered a quasicrystal so named because of its unorthodox arrangement of atoms in a 4.5 billion year old meteorite from a remote ... - Read More

By Land and By Sea: Scientists Find Differences in Tanning Treatments for Materials

similar to the way healthy tissue is distinguished from diseased tissue in clinical MRI scans Changes in the chemistry of the skin samples could also be detected giving insight into the changes brought about by ... - Read More

Laser-assisted fabrication process enables of heat-resistant, crack-free materials

A fabrication technique that uses lasers to deposit superalloys with fewer cracks and excellent mechanical properties has been developed by A*STAR researchers Alloys are mixtures of two or more metallic elements The composition of an ... - Read More

Test of new device that protects brain during heart-valve procedure

In the first multicenter trial of its kind Yale researchers tested a new device that lowers the risk of stroke and cognitive decline in patients undergoing heart valve replacement The preliminary findings of the DEFLECT ... - Read More

High power and high safety oxide-based negative electrode materials for Li-ion battery

Mixed Ti Nb oxide Ti2Nb10O29 TNO is one of the negative electrode materials for large scale Li ion battery with high safety because the potential = 1.6 V vs Li Li+ for Li storage of ... - Read More

Addressing long-standing mysteries behind anti-wear motor oil additive

The pistons in your car engine rub up against their cylinder walls thousands of times a minute without lubrication in the form of motor oil they and other parts of the engine would quickly wear ... - Read More

Novel monitoring tools tackle chemical surface waters pollution

With the socio economic developments of the last decades new emerging compounds have been produced released and discharged through different point and diffuse sources in European rivers lakes and marine coastal and transitional waters Treated ... - Read More

River algae affecting mercury pollution at Superfund site, study shows

Dartmouth scientists and their colleagues have found that periphyton a community of algae bacteria and other natural material living on submerged surfaces is helping to transform mercury pollution from a Superfund site along a New ... - Read More

Fusion researchers make breakthrough: Control intense heat bursts in fusion experiments

Researchers from General Atomics and the U S Department of Energy's Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory PPPL have made a major breakthrough in understanding how potentially damaging heat bursts inside a fusion reactor can be controlled ... - Read More

Antibiotic nanoparticles attack respiratory infection at source, reduce drug side effects

Treating respiratory disease is often difficult because drugs have to cross biological barriers such as respiratory tissue and mucosa and must therefore be given in large quantities in order for an effective amount to reach ... - Read More

Bond and bond alike: Unlikely hydrogen bond discovered

As with magnets and alternating current positively charged molecules never aim for one another Indeed similarly charged poles are repelled Nevertheless a team from the University of Copenhagen's Department of Chemistry has managed to become ... - Read More

Atomic force microscopy developed for imaging nanoscale dynamics of neurons

While progress has been made over the past decades in the pursuit to optimize atomic force microscopy AFM for imaging living cells there were still a number of limitations and technological issues that needed to ... - Read More

High-end imaging: New blending techniques

Vanderbilt University researchers have achieved the first image fusion of mass spectrometry and microscopy a technical tour de force that could among other things dramatically improve the diagnosis and treatment of cancer Microscopy can yield ... - Read More

Predicting which African storms will intensify into hurricanes

Hurricanes require moisture the rotation of Earth and warm ocean temperatures to grow from a mere atmospheric disturbance into a tropical storm But where do these storm cells originate and exactly what makes an atmospheric ... - Read More

Some genes 'foreign' in origin and not from our ancestors

Many animals including humans acquired essential 'foreign' genes from microorganisms co habiting their environment in ancient times according to research published in the open access journal Genome Biology The study challenges conventional views that animal ... - Read More

Naturally acidic waters of Puget Sound surround labs

For more than 100 years marine biologists at Friday Harbor Laboratories have studied the ecology of everything from tiny marine plants to giant sea stars Now as the oceans are undergoing a historic shift in ... - Read More

Sweet nanoparticles target stroke

Materials resulting from chemical bonding of glucosamine a type of sugar with fullerenes kind of nanoparticles known as buckyballs might help to reduce cell damage and inflammation occurring after stroke A team from the Max ... - Read More

Flight and nuclear safety boosted by sound research

A system for using sound waves to spot potentially dangerous cracks in pipes aircraft engines and nuclear power plants has been developed by a University of Strathclyde academic A study found that transmitting different types ... - Read More

Biotech materials made simple: Crystal structures altered by a single protein

In nacre layer lattices of inorganic calcium carbonate alternate with layers of organic material Chitin collagen and various proteins ensure that the calcium carbonate grows in these defined layers What role the proteins play during ... - Read More
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