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News articles about "Materials"

Simple, cheap way to increase solar cell efficiency

cell, cell
Researchers from North Carolina State University and the Chinese Academy of Sciences have found an easy way to modify the molecular structure of a polymer commonly used in solar cells Their modification can increase solar ... - Read More

New, simple technique may drive down biofuel production costs

Plant, plant
Researchers at North Carolina State University have developed a simple effective and relatively inexpensive technique for removing lignin from the plant material used to make biofuels which may drive down the cost of biofuel production ... - Read More

Organic mega flow battery promises breakthrough for renewable energy

Battery, Renewable energy, Renewable
A team of Harvard scientists and engineers has demonstrated a new type of battery that could fundamentally transform the way electricity is stored on the grid making power from renewable energy sources such as wind ... - Read More

Engineers make world's fastest organic transistor, herald new generation of see-through electronics

Organic, organic, Organic
Teams from Stanford and the University of Nebraska Lincoln collaborate to make thin transparent semiconductors that could become the foundation for cheap high performance displays Two university research teams have worked together to produce the ... - Read More

Free code to help build better batteries

Lithium
Lithium ion batteries such as those used in electric vehicles are in high demand with a global market value expected to reach $33.1 billion in 2019. But their high price and short life need to ... - Read More

The Play-by-Play of Energy Conversion: Catching Catalysts in Action

but some details remain hidden Beginning in 2015 the next generation National Synchrotron Light Source II NSLS II will provide even brighter x rays and the Center for Functional Nanomaterials CFN will operate the first ... - Read More

Subsituting bone with synthetic materials

Materials, materials
When Lucia Téllez Jurado and her research team at the National Polytechnic Institute IPN were working in the synthesis of diverse materials they realized that the Hydroxylapatite medullar component of the bone when obtained synthetically ... - Read More

Researchers grow liquid crystal 'flowers' that can be used as lenses

Crystal
A team of material scientists chemical engineers and physicists from the University of Pennsylvania has made another advance in their effort to use liquid crystals as a medium for assembling structures In their earlier studies ... - Read More

Physicists delve into fundamental laws of biological materials

Biological materials, biological
Physicists at the University of Chicago and the University of Massachusetts Amherst are uncovering the fundamental physical laws that govern the behavior of cellular materials We don't have any tools or formalism to think about ... - Read More

Dual catalysts help synthesize alpha-olefins into new organic compounds

Boston College chemists have developed a new chemical synthesis methodology that converts chemicals known as alpha olefins into new organic compounds By combining a pair of catalytic reactions in sequence the researchers converted inexpensive and ... - Read More

Greek economic crisis leads to air pollution crisis

In the midst of a winter cold snap a study from researchers in the United States and Greece reveals an overlooked side effect of economic crisis dangerous air quality caused by burning cheaper fuel for ... - Read More

New optimized coatings for implants reduce risk of infection

Researchers at Aalto University have developed a method of selection of new surface treatment processes for orthopaedic and dental implants to reduce the risk of infection Implants are commonly made from metals such as titanium ... - Read More

New salt compounds challenge the foundation of chemistry

Salt, Compounds
All good research breaks new ground but rarely does the research unearth truths that challenge the foundation of a science That's what Artem R Oganov has done and the professor of theoretical crystallography in the ... - Read More

Salt under pressure is not NaCl

Salt, Pressure
In the very beginning of the school chemistry course we are told of NaCl as an archetypal ionic compound Being less electronegative sodium loses its electron to chlorine which following the octet rule thus acquires ... - Read More

Graphene sees the light: Sheets of carbon just one atom thick could be used in photovoltaic cells

Sheets of carbon just one atom thick could make effective transparent electrodes in certain types of photovoltaic cells Graphene a one atom thick sheet of carbon that is extremely strong and conducts electricity well is ... - Read More

SBU Team Discovers New Compounds that Challenge the Foundation of Chemistry

that even in well defined systems like sodium chloride you can find totally new chemistry and totally new and very exciting materials ” Oganov says “It’s like discovering a new continent now we need to ... - Read More

Targeted synthesis of natural products with light

Synthesis, Synthesis , Natural products
Photoreactions are driven by light energy and are vital to the synthesis of many natural substances Since many of these substances are also useful as active medical agents chemists try to produce them synthetically But ... - Read More

DNA motor 'walks' along nanotube, transports tiny particle

DNA, DNA, DNA, DNA, DNA, DNA
Researchers have created a new type of molecular motor made of DNA and demonstrated its potential by using it to transport a nanoparticle along the length of a carbon nanotube The design was inspired by ... - Read More

Alzheimer substance may be the nanomaterial of tomorrow

Substance
Amyloid protein causes diseases like Alzheimer's Parkinson's and Creutzfeldt Jakob disease But amyloid also carries unique characteristics that may lead to the development of new composite materials for the nano processors and data storage of ... - Read More

Small size enhances charge transfer in quantum dots

Quantum dots
Quantum dots tiny semiconductor crystals with diameters measured in billionths of a meter have enormous potential for applications that make use of their ability to absorb or emit light and or electric charges Examples include ... - Read More
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