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News articles about "Materials"

Titanium dioxide nanoreactor: Synthesis to produce nanoparticles at room temperature in a polymer network

Synthesis, Synthesis , Polymer
Tiny particles of titanium dioxide are found as key ingredients in wall paints sunscreens and toothpaste they act as reflectors of light or as abrasives However with decreasing particle size and a corresponding change in ... - Read More

Tiny tweezers and their big influence on bustling proteins: Scientists investigate molecular 'clothespins'

Molecular, molecular
Tiny molecular tweezers have a remarkable impact on bustling proteins Three research groups from the University of Duisburg Essen UDE the Chemical Genomics Centre of the Max Planck Society in Dortmund and the Max Planck ... - Read More

When water speaks: Solvents make catalysts more efficient

Catalysts
Why certain catalyst materials work more efficiently when they are surrounded by water instead of a gas phase is unclear RUB chemists have now gleaned some initial answers from computer simulations They showed that water ... - Read More

Protein 'passport' helps nanoparticles get past immune system

System, Immune system
The body's immune system exists to identify and destroy foreign objects whether they are bacteria viruses flecks of dirt or splinters Unfortunately nanoparticles designed to deliver drugs and implanted devices like pacemakers or artificial joints ... - Read More

New way to probe Earth's deep interior proposed

Probe
Researchers from Amherst College and The University of Texas at Austin have described a new technique that might one day reveal in higher detail than ever before the composition and characteristics of the deep Earth ... - Read More

Researchers 'nanoweld' by applying light to aligned nanorods in solid materials

Nanorods
Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed a way to melt or weld specific portions of polymers by embedding aligned nanoparticles within the materials Their technique which melts fibers along a chosen direction within ... - Read More

Coldness triggers northward flight in monarch butterflies: Migration cycle may be vulnerable to global climate change

Climate change, Climate change, Climate, climate
Each fall millions of monarch butterflies from across the eastern United States begin a southward migration in order to escape the frigid temperatures of their northern boundaries traveling up to 2 000 miles to an ... - Read More

Robotic bat wing engineered: Researchers uncover flight secrets of real bats

Frequency, Frequency, Frequency
The strong flapping flight of bats offers great possibilities for the design of small aircraft among other applications By building a robotic bat wing Brown researchers have uncovered flight secrets of real bats the function ... - Read More

Explosives vapor detection technology: The new 'sniff test'

Sample
A quick accurate and highly sensitive process to reliably detect minute traces of explosives on luggage cargo or travelling passengers has been demonstrated by scientists at the Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory The ... - Read More

Turning pine sap into 'ever-green' plastics

Green, Plastics
Plastic bags are a bane of nature And not just bags just about all plastics really Most are made out of petroleum and a piece of plastic if it misses the recycling bin and ends ... - Read More

Sunlight yields more efficient carbon dioxide to methanol model

Methanol
Researchers from The University of Texas at Arlington are pioneering a new method for using carbon dioxide or CO2 to make liquid methanol fuel by using copper oxide nanowires and sunlight Share This See Also ... - Read More

Ancient 'Egyptian blue' pigment points to new telecommunications, security ink technology

A bright blue pigment used 5 000 years ago is giving modern scientists clues toward the development of new nanomaterials with potential uses in state of the art medical imaging devices remote controls for televisions ... - Read More

Cure for common hangover? 'Pill' mimics action of human liver in fighting alcohol intoxication

Enzyme, Enzyme, Engineering, Enzyme, enzyme
In a discovery that could promise a quick fix to the common hangover a team of researchers led by UCLA engineers has identified a method for speeding up the body's reaction to the consumption of ... - Read More

Molecules assemble in water, hint at origins of life

molecules
The base pairs that hold together two pieces of RNA the older cousin of DNA are some of the most important molecular interactions in living cells Many scientists believe that these base pairs were part ... - Read More

Balsam for the Bones: Chemists develop a nanopaste for the repair of bone defects

Calcium
Following accidents or cancer surgery surgeons often have to transplant healthy bone tissue or synthetic material to repair the resulting bone defects Unfortunately these procedures do not always have the desired effect Share This See ... - Read More

New therapeutics could accelerate wound healing

cells, cells
In before and after photos from advertisements for wound healing ointments bandages and antibiotic creams we see an injury transformed from an inflamed red gash to smooth and flawless skin Share This See Also Wounds ... - Read More

New taxonomy of platinum nanoclusters

Physicists have gained new insights into the inner intricacies of the structural variations of metallic nanoclusters This work by Luca Pavan Cono Di Paola and Francesca Baletto from King's College London UK is about to ... - Read More

Nano-channel disentangles knotted DNA

Nano
DNA just like hair has a tendency to become knotted thus it may be useful to disentangle it Unfortunately it is not possible to actively choose at random or better in one solution the filaments ... - Read More

Engineering cells for more efficient biofuel production

In the search for renewable alternatives to gasoline heavy alcohols such as isobutanol are promising candidates Not only do they contain more energy than ethanol but they are also more compatible with existing gasoline based ... - Read More

How predictable is evolution?

Bacteria, bacteria
Understanding how and why diversification occurs is important for understanding why there are so many species on Earth In a new study published on 19 February in the open access journal PLOS Biology researchers show ... - Read More
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