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News articles about "Materials"

Ceramic foam cleans up exhaust gases

Foam
The introduction next year of the Euro 6 exhaust gas standard means that catalytic converters will become more expensive above all for diesel vehicles Empa is working on a catalytic substrate made of ceramic foam ... - Read More

Unique Chemistry Reveals Eruption of Ancient Materials Once at Earth's Surface

was subducted into the mantle more than 2.5 billion years ago and recycled into the mantle source of the Mangaia lavas ” said Rita Cabral the study’s primary author and a graduate student in Boston ... - Read More

High performance semiconductor spray paint could be a game changer for organic electronics

Researchers at Wake Forest University's Organic Electronics group have come up with a novel solution to one of the biggest technological barriers facing the organic semiconductor industry today Oana Jurchescu an assistant professor of physics ... - Read More

Rethinking early atmospheric oxygen: Possibility of more dynamic biological oxygen cycle on early Earth than previously supposed

Oxygen, Oxygen, oxygen
A research team of biogeochemists at the University of California Riverside has provided a new view on the relationship between the earliest accumulation of oxygen in the atmosphere arguably the most important biological event in ... - Read More

Just what makes that little old ant… change a flower's nectar content?

sugar
Ants play a variety of important roles in many ecosystems As frequent visitors to flowers they can benefit plants in their role as pollinators when they forage on sugar rich nectar However a new study ... - Read More

What planets are made of: Findings establish counterintuitive potential planet-forming materials

Planets
A team of researchers led by Artem R Oganov a professor of theoretical crystallography in the Department of Geosciences has made a startling prediction that challenges existing chemical models and current understanding of planetary interiors ... - Read More

A simple solution to air pollution from wood-burning cookstoves

Solution
Billions of people worldwide burn animal dung crop residues wood and charcoal to cook their meals And the chemicals produced and inhaled sicken or kill millions At particular risk are women who prepare their families' ... - Read More

New battery design could help solar and wind power the grid

Battery
Researchers from the U S Department of Energy's DOE SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Stanford University have designed a low cost long life battery that could enable solar and wind energy to become major suppliers ... - Read More

Unique sulfur isotopes in plume lavas reveal deep mantle storage of archean crust

was subducted into the mantle more than 2.5 billion years ago and recycled into the mantle source of the Mangaia lavas ” says Rita Cabral the study’s primary author and a graduate student in BU’s ... - Read More

Ancient Earth crust stored in deep mantle

Scientists have long believed that lava erupted from certain oceanic volcanoes contains materials from the early Earth's crust But decisive evidence for this phenomenon has proven elusive New research from a team including Carnegie's Erik ... - Read More

Unique Sulfur Isotopes in Plume Lavas Reveal Deep Mantle Storage of Archean Crust

Founded in 1839 Boston University is an internationally recognized private research university with more than 30 000 students participating in undergraduate graduate and professional programs As Boston University’s largest academic division the College and Graduate ... - Read More

Ice tubes in polar seas -- 'brinicles' or 'sea stalactites' -- provide clues to origin of life

sea, Ice
Life on Earth may have originated not in warm tropical seas but with weird tubes of ice sometimes called sea stalactites that grow downward into cold seawater near Earth's poles scientists are reporting Their article ... - Read More

Recipe for low-cost, biomass-derived catalyst for hydrogen production

Catalyst
In a paper to be published in an upcoming issue of Energy & amp Environmental Science researchers at the U S Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory describe details of a low cost stable effective ... - Read More

Geoscientists Predict New Compounds Could Change Our View of What Planets are Made of

a much cheaper route compared to traditional experimental methods ” said Zhu  “It is known that MgO makes up about 10 percent of the volume of our planet and on other planets this fraction can ... - Read More

New matter-antimatter difference observed in LHCb experiment at CERN

Matter, Matter
The LHCb collaboration at CERN today submitted a paper to Physical Review Letters on the first observation of matter antimatter asymmetry in the decays of the particle known as the B0s It is only the ... - Read More

Microscopic dust particles found in underground railways may pose health risk

New research from the University of Southampton has found that working or travelling on an underground railway for a sustained period of time could have health implications Share This See Also Workplace Health Health Policy ... - Read More

Big ecosystem changes viewed through the lens of tiny carnivorous plants

Plants, Ecosystem, Ecosystem, plants
What do a pond or a lake and a carnivorous pitcher plant have in common Share This See Also Ecology Research Endangered Plants Botany Ecology Ecosystems Exotic Species Ecosystem Pitcher plant Trophic level Ecological succession ... - Read More

Strengthening legumes to tackle fertilizer pollution

Fertilizer
The overuse of nitrogen fertilizers in agriculture can wreak havoc on waterways health and the environment Share This See Also Soil Types Organic Agriculture and Food Geochemistry Air Pollution Acid Rain Legume Sustainable agriculture Fertilizer ... - Read More

Source of organic matter affects Bay water quality

organic matter
Each time it rains runoff carries an earthy tea steeped from leaf litter crop residue soil and other organic materials into the storm drains and streams that feed Chesapeake Bay Share This See Also Sustainability ... - Read More

New material approach should increase solar cell efficiency

New material
When designing next generation solar energy conversion systems we must first develop ways to more efficiently utilize the solar spectrum explained Lane Martin whose research group has done just that Share This See Also Materials ... - Read More
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