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News articles about "Materials"

Researchers engineer plant cell walls to boost sugar yields for biofuels

sugar
When blessed with a resource in overwhelming abundance it's generally a good idea to make valuable use of that resource Lignocellulosic biomass is the most abundant organic material on Earth For thousands of years it ... - Read More

Picking apart photosynthesis: New insights could lead to better catalysts for water splitting

Catalysts, Photosynthesis
Chemists at the California Institute of Technology Caltech and the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory believe they can now explain one of the remaining mysteries of photosynthesis the chemical process by which plants convert sunlight into ... - Read More

'Waste heat' may economize CO2 capture

Heat
In some of the first results from a federally funded initiative to find new ways of capturing carbon dioxide CO2 from coal fired power plants Rice University scientists have found that CO2 can be removed ... - Read More

Opposites attract: How cells and cell fragments move in electric fields

cell, cells, cells, cell
Like tiny crawling compass needles whole living cells and cell fragments orient and move in response to electric fields but in opposite directions scientists at the University of California Davis have found Their results published ... - Read More

Biological transistor enables computing within living cells

When Charles Babbage prototyped the first computing machine in the 19th century he imagined using mechanical gears and latches to control information ENIAC the first modern computer developed in the 1940s used vacuum tubes and ... - Read More

Even graphene has weak spots

Materials, materials
Graphene the single atom thick form of carbon has become famous for its extraordinary strength But less than perfect sheets of the material show unexpected weakness according to researchers at Rice University in Houston and ... - Read More

Everything You Know About Osmosis Is (Probably) Wrong

Released 3 28 2013 2 30 PM EDTSource Newsroom Dick Jones Communications Mar 28 2013 Osmosis – the flow of a solvent across a semipermeable membrane from a region of lower to higher solute concentration ... - Read More

Cold cities less sustainable than warm cities, research suggests

Living in colder climates in the US is more energy demanding than living in warmer climates This is according to Dr Michael Sivak at the University of Michigan who has published new research today 28 ... - Read More

Laser the size of a virus particle: Miniature laser operates at room temperature and defies the diffraction limit of light

Laser, Laser
A Northwestern University research team has found a way to manufacture single laser devices that are the size of a virus particle and that operate at room temperature These plasmonic nanolasers could be readily integrated ... - Read More

Comedian's political humor affects potential voter's attitudes about candidates

Comedians publicly ridiculing a presidential candidate may cause audiences to have negative attitudes toward that individual according to a study by Amy Bree Becker Assistant Professor at Towson University Share This See Also Social Psychology ... - Read More

Controlling vascular disease may be key to reducing prevalence of Alzheimer's disease

Over the last 15 years researchers have found a significant association between vascular diseases such as hypertension atherosclerosis diabetes type 2 hyperlipidemia and heart disease and an increased risk of Alzheimer's disease In a special ... - Read More

Indian monsoon failure more frequent with global warming, research suggests

Global warming, Global warming
Global warming could cause frequent and severe failures of the Indian summer monsoon in the next two centuries new research suggests Share This See Also Climate Global Warming Weather Environmental Issues Severe Weather Water Monsoon ... - Read More

Stirred not mixed: How seawater turbulence affects marine food webs

marine, Marine
New research shows that ocean turbulence directly affects the ability of microscopic marine organisms to recycle organic material back into the food web Share This See Also Bacteria Extreme Survival Organic Pollution Oceanography Geochemistry Food ... - Read More

How underground rodent wards off cancer: Second mole rat species has different mechanism for resisting cancer

cancer
Biologists at the University of Rochester have determined how blind mole rats fight off cancer and the mechanism differs from what they discovered three years ago in another long lived and cancer resistant mole rat ... - Read More

Manufacturing: Plasma treatments on a roll

Plasma
A revolutionary atmospheric pressure plasma boosts adhesion of polymer films for roll to roll solar cell production Share This See Also Chemistry Medical Technology Nature of Water Materials Science Physics Solar Energy Electrical conduction Evaporation ... - Read More

Materials: Magnetic mystery solved

Highly porous materials known as metal organic frameworks MOFs are showing promise as catalysts and drug delivery vehicles Some scientific sleuthing by A*STAR researchers could now help industry to exploit the magnetic properties of MOFs ... - Read More

How microbes survive at bare minimum: Archaea eat protein

Protein, Protein, protein
Beneath the ocean floor is a desolate place with no oxygen and sunlight Yet microbes have thrived in this environment for millions of years Share This See Also Global Warming Geochemistry Microorganism Prokaryote Humus Eukaryote ... - Read More

Lunar cycle determines hunting behavior of nocturnal gulls

Water, Water, Water
Zooplankton small fish and squid spend hardly any time at the surface when there's a full moon To protect themselves from their natural enemies they hide deeper down in the water on bright nights coming ... - Read More

Carbon cycle: Four cells turn seabed microbiology upside down

Carbon, carbon, cells, cells
Single celled archaea are invisible to the naked eye and even when using a microscope great care must be taken to observe them An international team of researchers led by the Center for Geomicrobiology Aarhus ... - Read More

New evidence ancient asteroid caused global firestorm on Earth

Earth, earth
A new look at conditions after a Manhattan sized asteroid slammed into a region of Mexico in the dinosaur days indicates the event could have triggered a global firestorm that would have burned every twig ... - Read More
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