All About Chemistry... 2011 and beyond

News articles about "Materials"

Rethinking wetland restoration: Smaller wetlands more valuable than previously thought

Most efforts to protect and restore wetlands mistakenly focus on preserving only total wetland area with no consideration of ecosystem services provided by different wetland types according to a new study from the University of ... - Read More

Possible existence of neutral atomic hydrogen in rock in Earth's deep interior

Date March 25 2015 Source National Institute for Materials Science NIMS Summary A new finding challenges the established dogma that hydrogen exists in the form of a hydroxyl group i e water in silicate minerals ... - Read More

Greenhouse gases unbalanced: How human intervention changes wetlands

Natural wetlands usually emit methane and sequester carbon dioxide Anthropogenic interventions in particular the conversion of wetlands for agriculture result in a significant increase in CO2 emissions which overcompensate potential decreases in methane emission A ... - Read More

Shell-shocked: Ocean acidification likely hampers tiny shell builders in Southern Ocean

A University of Colorado Boulder study shows a ubiquitous type of phytoplankton tiny organisms that are the base of the marine food web appears to be suffering from the effects of ocean acidification caused by ... - Read More

Discovery could yield more efficient portable electronics, solar cells

By figuring out how to precisely order the molecules that make up what scientists call organic glass the materials at the heart of some electronic displays light emitting diodes and solar cells a team of ... - Read More

Mimicking nature's chemistry to solve global environmental problems

What many people might call the daily laboratory grind Theodore Betley Ph D calls play As a student he developed a passion for lab work that could now pay off for the rest of the ... - Read More

Optimising soft-optoelectronics materials through molecular engineering

Molecules used to make optoelectronic devices can be engineered to have specific properties making the production of high performance optoelectronic devices more efficient according to a paper in Science and Technology of Advanced Materials The ... - Read More

The first observation of the effect of electron spin of molecular oxygen on the surface oxidation reaction

Mitsunori Kurahashi a Chief Researcher of the Nano Characterization Unit Unit Director Daisuke Fujita National Institute for Materials Science President Sukekatsu Ushioda and Yasushi Yamauchi a Group Leader in the same unit presented the first ... - Read More

Printable particles for large, curved luminous surfaces

Light emitting diodes LEDs are the modern lighting devices used in lamps signals signs or displays By contrast organic semiconducting light emitting materials OLEDs can be incorporated in thin layers and used on curved surfaces ... - Read More

Desalination with nanoporous graphene membrane

Less than 1 percent of Earth's water is drinkable Removing salt and other minerals from our biggest available source of water seawater may help satisfy a growing global population thirsty for fresh water for drinking ... - Read More

Goodbye to sunburn thanks to sunburn indicator

Sunbathers could soon tell when to take shelter in the shade thanks to an early warning sunburn indicator developed by Queen's University Belfast Researchers at Queen's have developed a strip of plastic containing 'smart' ink ... - Read More

Nanorobotic agents open the blood-brain barrier, offering hope for new brain treatments

Magnetic nanoparticles can open the blood brain barrier and deliver molecules directly to the brain say researchers from the University of Montreal Polytechnique Montréal and CHU Sainte Justine This barrier runs inside almost all vessels ... - Read More

Carbon nanotube fibers make superior links to brain

Carbon nanotube fibers invented at Rice University may provide the best way to communicate directly with the brain The fibers have proven superior to metal electrodes for deep brain stimulation and to read signals from ... - Read More

Rare-earth innovation to improve nylon manufacturing

The Critical Materials Institute a U S Department of Energy Innovation Hub led by the Ames Laboratory has created a new chemical process that makes use of the widely available rare earth metal cerium to ... - Read More

New form of ice: Square ice filling for a graphene sandwich

Water exists in myriad forms and for poets and scientists alike this structurally simple yet at the same time behaviourally complex molecule never fails to fascinate In our everyday lives we are familiar with water ... - Read More

Mitigating reptile road mortality

Ecopassages may be less effective reptile road mortality mitigation tools when fences fail to keep reptiles from accessing the road according to a study published March 25 2015 in the open access journal PLOS ONE ... - Read More

Soils retain, contain radioactivity in Fukushima

Radiation suddenly contaminates the land your family has farmed and lived on for generations Can soil play a role in protecting crops and human health Research in Fukushima Japan may lend an answer On March ... - Read More

Engineers develop new yeast strain to enhance biofuel and biochemical production

Researchers in the Cockrell School of Engineering at The University of Texas at Austin have used a combination of metabolic engineering and directed evolution to develop a new mutant yeast strain that could lead to ... - Read More

Magnets can control heat and sound: Experiment reveals new mysterious properties of sound waves

Researchers at The Ohio State University have discovered how to control heat with a magnetic field In the March 23 issue of the journal Nature Materials they describe how a magnetic field roughly the size ... - Read More

Squeeze to remove heat: Elastocaloric materials enable more efficient, 'green' cooling

Move over vapor compression cooling technology Emerging elastocaloric refrigeration is potentially much more efficient and unlike vapor compression relies on environmentally friendly refrigerants In elastocaloric materials a change in mechanical stress can create a change ... - Read More
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