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News articles about "Materials"

Engineers create light-activated 'curtains'

Light, Light
Forget remote controlled curtains A new development by researchers at the University of California Berkeley could lead to curtains and other materials that move in response to light no batteries needed A research team led ... - Read More

Breakthrough technology enables gene silencing to heal wounds

Gene, Gene
A team of researchers led by an NIBIB grantee at Vanderbilt University has created a biodegradable scaffold that enables sustained local delivery of gene silencing factors called siRNA to promote tissue regeneration The team recently ... - Read More

Water cycle amplifies abrupt climate change

During the abrupt cooling at the onset of the so called Younger Dryas period 12680 years ago changes in the water cycle were the main drivers of widespread environmental change in western Europe Thus the ... - Read More

Ultra-thin tool heating for injection molding

In future thin film heating will allow plastic parts to be produced with greatly improved surface quality Researchers have also found a way to make the whole process more energy efficient If you have ever ... - Read More

Solar-power device would use heat to enhance efficiency

Heat
A new approach to harvesting solar energy developed by MIT researchers could improve efficiency by using sunlight to heat a high temperature material whose infrared radiation would then be collected by a conventional photovoltaic cell ... - Read More

Lab-on-a-chip realizes potential

Lab-on-a-chip
A portable instrument that replaces a full size laboratory provides accurate multi element analysis in less than a minute Engineers from the A*STAR Institute of Materials Research and Engineering and colleagues at the University of ... - Read More

Carbon dioxide tamed: Making this ubiquitous gas industrially useful

Using a copper catalyst to unite carbon dioxide with organic molecules under mild conditions could make this ubiquitous gas industrially useful Carbon dioxide has become notorious as a troublesome greenhouse gas produced by burning fossil ... - Read More

Energy storage in miniaturized capacitors may boost green energy technology

Energy, Energy, Energy, energy, energy
The capacitors of electronic circuits function something like batteries storing electrical charge that can be quickly dumped to power devices like camera flashes So called supercapacitors take the energy storing abilities of capacitors a step ... - Read More

'Standing on a comet': Rosetta mission will contribute to space weather research

A comet bound spacecraft that's been in sleep mode for more than two years is scheduled to wake up on the morning of Jan 20 beginning the home stretch of its decade long journey to ... - Read More

What makes superalloys super? Hierarchical microstructure of a superalloy

Superalloys
Researchers have observed for the first time in detail how a hierarchical microstructure develops during heat treatment of a superalloy Materials in high performance turbines have to withstand not only powerful mechanical forces they also ... - Read More

Scientists discover new pathway for artificial photosynthesis

Photosynthesis
Humans have for ages taken cues from nature to build their own devices but duplicating the steps in the complicated electronic dance of photosynthesis remains one of the biggest challenges and opportunities for chemists Currently ... - Read More

Researchers 'detune' a molecule: Scientists control the bonds between atoms in a buckyball

Molecule, molecule
Rice University scientists have found they can control the bonds between atoms in a molecule The molecule in question is carbon 60 also known as the buckminsterfullerene and the buckyball discovered at Rice in 1985. ... - Read More

Sudden thickening of complex fluids modeled

Complex
A new model by a team of researchers with The City College of New York's Benjamin Levich Institute may shed new understanding on the phenomenon known as discontinuous shear thickening DST in which the resistance ... - Read More

Natural 3-D counterpart to graphene discovered: New form of quantum matter

Quantum, Matter, Quantum, Matter
The discovery of what is essentially a 3D version of graphene the 2D sheets of carbon through which electrons race at many times the speed at which they move through silicon promises exciting new things ... - Read More

Renewable Chemical Ready for Biofuels Scale-Up

Using a plant derived chemical University of Wisconsin Madison researchers have developed a process for creating a concentrated stream of sugars that’s ripe with possibility for biofuels “With the sugar platform you have possibilities ” ... - Read More

Microscopic fountain pen adds new functionality to AFM microscopy

Microscopy
The Atomic Force Microscope AFM which uses a fine tipped probe to scan surfaces at the atomic scale will soon be augmented with a chemical sensor This involves the use of a hollow AFM cantilever ... - Read More

Molecular nano-spies to make light work of disease detection

A world of cloak and dagger pharmaceuticals has come a step closer with the development of stealth compounds programmed to spring into action when they receive the signal Researchers at the University of Nottingham's School ... - Read More

First plastic cell with working organelle

Plastic, cell, Plastic, cell
For the first time chemists have successfully produced an artificial cell containing organelles capable of carrying out the various steps of a chemical reaction This was done at the Institute for Molecules and Materials IMM ... - Read More

Understanding secondary light emission by plasmonic nanostructures may improve medical imaging

Light emission, Nanostructures, Medical
Plasmonic nanostructures are of great current interest as chemical sensors in vivo imaging agents and for photothermal therapeutics explained David G Cahill a Willett Professor and head of the Department of Materials Science and Engineering ... - Read More

Researchers invent 'sideways' approach to 2-D hybrid materials

Materials, materials
Researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the University of Tennessee Knoxville have pioneered a new technique for forming a two dimensional single atom sheet of two different materials with a ... - Read More
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