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News articles about "Materials"

New materials for future green tech devices

From your hot car to your warm laptop every machine and device in your life wastes a lot of energy through the loss of heat But thermoelectric devices which convert heat to electricity and vice ... - Read More

Anti-tank missile detector joins fight against malaria

State of the art military hardware could soon fight malaria one of the most deadly diseases on the planet Researchers at Monash University and the University of Melbourne have used an anti tank Javelin missile ... - Read More

Researchers discover boron 'buckyball'

The discovery 30 years ago of soccer ball shaped carbon molecules called buckyballs helped to spur an explosion of nanotechnology research Now there appears to be a new ball on the pitch Researchers from Brown ... - Read More

Cheap, highly efficient solar cells: A new stable and cost-cutting type of perovskite solar cell

Perovskite solar cells show tremendous promise in propelling solar power into the marketplace The cells use a hole transportation layer which promotes the efficient movement of electrical current after exposure to sunlight However manufacturing the ... - Read More

Labs characterize carbon for lithion-ion batteries

Lithium ion batteries could benefit from a theoretical model created at Rice University and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory that predicts how carbon components will perform as electrodes The model is based on intrinsic electronic characteristics ... - Read More

3-D nanostructure could benefit nanoelectronics, gas storage: functional advantages of 3-D boron nitride predicted

A three dimensional porous nanostructure would have a balance of strength toughness and ability to transfer heat that could benefit nanoelectronics gas storage and composite materials that perform multiple functions according to engineers at Rice ... - Read More

When is a molecule a molecule? Scientists watch fast electron jumps in exploding molecules

Using ultra short X ray flashes an international team of researchers watched electrons jumping between the fragments of exploding molecules The study reveals up to what distance a charge transfer between the two molecular fragments ... - Read More

Scientists experimentally re-create conditions deep inside giant planets, such as Jupiter and many exo-planets

Lawrence Livermore scientists for the first time have experimentally re created the conditions that exist deep inside giant planets such as Jupiter Uranus and many of the planets recently discovered outside our solar system Researchers ... - Read More

Removing disordered regions of shape-shifting protein explains how blood clots

In results recently published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences PNAS Saint Louis University scientists have discovered that removal of disordered sections of a protein's structure reveals the molecular mechanism of a key ... - Read More

Directly visualizing hydrogen bonds

Using a newly developed ultrafast femtosecond infrared light source chemists at the University of Chicago have been able to directly visualize the coordinated vibrations between hydrogen bonded molecules the first time this sort of chemical ... - Read More

Improving tumor radiation therapy: When basic ions break DNA down

Scientists now have a better understanding of how short DNA strands decompose in microseconds A European team found new fragmentation pathways that occur universally when DNA strands are exposed to metal ions from a family ... - Read More

Efficient structures help build a sustainable future

When envisioning a new structure engineers often have to balance design choices against the environmental impact of materials used It is estimated that 40 to 50 percent of greenhouse gases are produced by the construction ... - Read More

Study of noninvasive retinal imaging device presented at Alzheimer's conference

A noninvasive optical imaging device developed at Cedars Sinai can provide early detection of changes that later occur in the brain and are a classic sign of Alzheimer's disease according to preliminary results from investigators ... - Read More

Flashes of light on a superconductor

A study just published in Nature Communications and carried out by a collaboration of several Italian and international centres including SISSA used a technique based on applying short flashes of light to observe and analyse ... - Read More

Deep within spinach leaves, vibrations enhance efficiency of photosynthesis

Biophysics researchers at the University of Michigan have used short pulses of light to peer into the mechanics of photosynthesis and illuminate the role that molecule vibrations play in the energy conversion process that powers ... - Read More

Technology produces clean-burning hydrogen fuel cheaply using carbon nanotubes

Rutgers researchers have developed a technology that could overcome a major cost barrier to make clean burning hydrogen fuel a fuel that could replace expensive and environmentally harmful fossil fuels A new technology based on ... - Read More

Fuel cells for powering homes

One of the applications that fuel cells may have is the supplying of homes with electrical power When considering applications of this type that call for greater power a research group in the UPV EHU's ... - Read More

Physicists detect process even rarer than the long-sought Higgs particle

Scientists running the ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider LHC the world's largest and most powerful atom smasher report the first evidence of a process that can be used to test the mechanism by ... - Read More

Uncertainty gives scientists new confidence in search for novel materials

Scientists at Stanford University and the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory have found a way to estimate uncertainties in computer calculations that are widely used to speed the search for new materials for ... - Read More

Pressure cell for reproducing deep-Earth chemistry

A new pressure cell invented by UC Davis researchers makes it possible to simulate chemical reactions deep in the Earth's crust The cell allows researchers to perform nuclear magnetic resonance NMR measurements on as little ... - Read More
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