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News articles about "Materials"

Impact of offshore wind farms on marine species

Offshore wind power is a valuable source of renewable energy that can help reduce carbon emissions Technological advances are allowing higher capacity turbines to be installed in deeper water but there is still much unknown ... - Read More

Microfossils reveal warm oceans had less oxygen

Researchers in Syracuse University's College of Arts and Sciences are pairing chemical analyses with micropaleontology the study of tiny fossilized organisms to better understand how global marine life was affected by a rapid warming event ... - Read More

Scientists find ancient mountains that fed early life

Scientists have found evidence for a huge mountain range that sustained an explosion of life on Earth 600 million years ago The mountain range was similar in scale to the Himalayas and spanned at least ... - Read More

Journey to the center of the Earth: Geochemist uses helium and lead isotopes to gain insight into makeup of planet’s deep interior

A UC Santa Barbara geochemist studying Samoan volcanoes has found evidence of the planet's early formation still trapped inside the Earth Known as hotspots volcanic island chains such as Samoa can ancient primordial signatures from ... - Read More

Light bending material facilitates the search for new particles

Particle physicists have a hard time identifying all the elementary particles created in their particle accelerators But now researchers at Chalmers University of Technology have designed a material that makes it much easier to distinguish ... - Read More

Simple and versatile way to build 3-D materials of the future

Researchers in Japan have developed a novel yet simple technique called diffusion driven layer by layer assembly to construct graphene into porous three dimensional 3D structures for applications in devices such as batteries and supercapacitors ... - Read More

Brain surgery, by robot, through the cheek

For those most severely affected treating epilepsy means drilling through the skull deep into the brain to destroy the small area where the seizures originate invasive dangerous and with a long recovery period Five years ... - Read More

Optimal particle size for anticancer nanomedicines discovered

Nanomedicines consisting of nanoparticles for targeted drug delivery to specific tissues and cells offer new solutions for cancer diagnosis and therapy Understanding the interdependency of physiochemical properties of nanomedicines in correlation to their biological responses ... - Read More

Magnetic mirrors enable new technologies by reflecting light in uncanny ways

As in Alice's journey through the looking glass to Wonderland mirrors in the real world can sometimes behave in surprising and unexpected ways including a new class of mirror that works like no other As ... - Read More

The social web of things: Smart cars, appliances and people

Research to be published in the International Journal of Web Based Communities suggests that the familiar interfaces of online social networking sites might be adapted to allow us to interact more efficiently with our networked ... - Read More

Dispelling a misconception about Mg-ion batteries

Lithium Li ion batteries serve us well powering our laptops tablets cell phones and a host of other gadgets and devices However for future automotive applications we will need rechargeable batteries with significant increases in ... - Read More

Past climate change and continental ice melt linked to varying carbon dioxide levels

Scientists at the Universities of Southampton and Cardiff have discovered that a globally warm period in Earth's geological past featured highly variable levels of CO2. Previous studies have found that the Miocene climatic optimum a ... - Read More

Importance of dead jellyfish to deep-sea ecosystems

Innovative experiments carried out by scientists at the National Oceanography Centre NOC and abroad show that dead jellyfish contribute to the deep sea food chain unlike previously thought Researchers from the UK Norway and Hawaii ... - Read More

Method for detecting extremely rare inert gas isotopes for water dating

In the earth and environmental sciences radioactive isotopes atom variants that decay over time play a major role in age determination A radioactive isotope of the inert gas argon 39Ar for example is used to ... - Read More

Carbonate rocks are unrecognized methane sink

Since the first undersea methane seep was discovered 30 years ago scientists have meticulously analyzed and measured how microbes in the seafloor sediments consume the greenhouse gas methane as part of understanding how the Earth ... - Read More

Dolphin 'breathalyzer' could help diagnose animal and ocean health

Alcohol consumption isn't the only thing a breath analysis can reveal Scientists have been studying its possible use for diagnosing a wide range of conditions in humans and now in the beloved bottlenose dolphin In ... - Read More

Discarded cigarette ashes could go to good use -- removing arsenic from water

Arsenic a well known poison can be taken out of drinking water using sophisticated treatment methods But in places that lack the equipment or technical know how required to remove it it still laces drinking ... - Read More

A new piece in the high-temperature superconductivity puzzle: 'Dressing' in superconductors

The physical mechanism that generates superconductivity in materials at high critical temperature like cuprates which appear to be among the most promising materials for technological applications remains a mystery So far experimental observations haven't clarified ... - Read More

Precision printing: Unique capabilities of 3-D printing revealed

Researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated an additive manufacturing method to control the structure and properties of metal components with precision unmatched by conventional manufacturing processes Ryan Dehoff staff ... - Read More

Power of thorium for improved nuclear design explored by scientists

The UK is playing a key role in an international project to develop a radical new type of nuclear power station that is safer more cost effective compact quicker and less disruptive to build than ... - Read More
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