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News articles about "Materials"

What makes superalloys super? Hierarchical microstructure of a superalloy

Superalloys
Researchers have observed for the first time in detail how a hierarchical microstructure develops during heat treatment of a superalloy Materials in high performance turbines have to withstand not only powerful mechanical forces they also ... - Read More

Scientists discover new pathway for artificial photosynthesis

Photosynthesis
Humans have for ages taken cues from nature to build their own devices but duplicating the steps in the complicated electronic dance of photosynthesis remains one of the biggest challenges and opportunities for chemists Currently ... - Read More

Researchers 'detune' a molecule: Scientists control the bonds between atoms in a buckyball

Molecule, molecule
Rice University scientists have found they can control the bonds between atoms in a molecule The molecule in question is carbon 60 also known as the buckminsterfullerene and the buckyball discovered at Rice in 1985. ... - Read More

Sudden thickening of complex fluids modeled

Complex
A new model by a team of researchers with The City College of New York's Benjamin Levich Institute may shed new understanding on the phenomenon known as discontinuous shear thickening DST in which the resistance ... - Read More

Natural 3-D counterpart to graphene discovered: New form of quantum matter

Quantum, Matter, Quantum, Matter
The discovery of what is essentially a 3D version of graphene the 2D sheets of carbon through which electrons race at many times the speed at which they move through silicon promises exciting new things ... - Read More

Renewable Chemical Ready for Biofuels Scale-Up

Using a plant derived chemical University of Wisconsin Madison researchers have developed a process for creating a concentrated stream of sugars that’s ripe with possibility for biofuels “With the sugar platform you have possibilities ” ... - Read More

Microscopic fountain pen adds new functionality to AFM microscopy

Microscopy
The Atomic Force Microscope AFM which uses a fine tipped probe to scan surfaces at the atomic scale will soon be augmented with a chemical sensor This involves the use of a hollow AFM cantilever ... - Read More

Molecular nano-spies to make light work of disease detection

A world of cloak and dagger pharmaceuticals has come a step closer with the development of stealth compounds programmed to spring into action when they receive the signal Researchers at the University of Nottingham's School ... - Read More

First plastic cell with working organelle

Plastic, cell, Plastic, cell
For the first time chemists have successfully produced an artificial cell containing organelles capable of carrying out the various steps of a chemical reaction This was done at the Institute for Molecules and Materials IMM ... - Read More

Understanding secondary light emission by plasmonic nanostructures may improve medical imaging

Light emission, Nanostructures, Medical
Plasmonic nanostructures are of great current interest as chemical sensors in vivo imaging agents and for photothermal therapeutics explained David G Cahill a Willett Professor and head of the Department of Materials Science and Engineering ... - Read More

Researchers invent 'sideways' approach to 2-D hybrid materials

Materials, materials
Researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the University of Tennessee Knoxville have pioneered a new technique for forming a two dimensional single atom sheet of two different materials with a ... - Read More

Modelling modules lead to higher-quality aluminium

The Norwegian project Modelling assisted Innovation for the Aluminium DC Casting Process MINAC has developed modelling tools that show the impact of even minute adjustments to the casting process on casthouse products The aluminium industry ... - Read More

Development of an advanced system of fuel cell co-generation of heat and power (micro-CHP)

A micro CHP system is a small heat engine that provides all the power for a home heating ventilation air conditioning and electricity Many times the electricity generated can be sold to the grid using ... - Read More

Researchers develop artificial bone marrow; May be used to reproduce hematopoietic stem cells

cells, cells, cells, cells
Artificial bone marrow may be used to reproduce hematopoietic stem cells A prototype has now been developed by scientists of KIT the Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems Stuttgart and Tübingen University The porous structure ... - Read More

Climate change: How does soil store carbon dioxide?

Carbon, Climate change, Carbon dioxide, Climate change, Carbon dioxide, Climate, climate, carbon
Previous studies have established that carbon binds to tiny mineral particles In this latest study published in Nature Communications researchers of the Technische Universität München TUM and the Helmholtz Zentrum München have shown that the ... - Read More

An improved, cost-effective catalyst for water-splitting devices

Solar energy appears to be the only form of renewable that can be exploited at level that matches the world's growing needs However it is equally necessary to find efficient ways to store solar energy ... - Read More

Supercomputers join search for 'cheapium': Brute force computing used to find new materials

In the search for cheaper materials that mimic their purer more expensive counterparts researchers are abandoning hunches and intuition for theoretical models and pure computing power In a new study researchers from Duke University's Pratt ... - Read More

Acid mine drainage reduces radioactivity in fracking waste

Acid
Much of the naturally occurring radioactivity in fracking wastewater might be removed by blending it with another wastewater from acid mine drainage according to a Duke University led study Fracking wastewater and acid mine drainage ... - Read More

Simple, cheap way to increase solar cell efficiency

cell, cell
Researchers from North Carolina State University and the Chinese Academy of Sciences have found an easy way to modify the molecular structure of a polymer commonly used in solar cells Their modification can increase solar ... - Read More

New, simple technique may drive down biofuel production costs

Plant, plant
Researchers at North Carolina State University have developed a simple effective and relatively inexpensive technique for removing lignin from the plant material used to make biofuels which may drive down the cost of biofuel production ... - Read More
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