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News articles about "Materials"

New atom-scale knowledge on the function of biological photosensors

The research groups of Janne Ihalainen University of Jyväskylä and Sebastian Westenhoff University of Gothenburg have clarified how the atom structure of bacterial red light photosensors changes when sensing light The research reveals structural changes ... - Read More

Probing dopant distribution: Opening the door to better doping of semiconductor nanocrystals

The icing on the cake for semiconductor nanocrystals that provide a non damped optoelectronic effect may exist as a layer of tin that segregates near the surface One method of altering the electrical properties of ... - Read More

Sample of a frog's slimy skin predicts susceptibility to disease

A simple sample of the protective mucus layer that coats a frog's skin can now be analyzed to determine how susceptible the frog is to disease thanks to a technique developed by a researcher at ... - Read More

Decoding the chemical vocabulary of plants

Plants spend their entire lifetime rooted to one spot When faced with a bad situation such as a swarm of hungry herbivores or a viral outbreak they have no option to flee but instead must ... - Read More

Missing piece of biogeochemical puzzle in aquifers discovered

A study published today in Science by researchers from the U S Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory may dramatically shift our understanding of the complex dance of microbes and minerals that takes place in ... - Read More

Playing pool with carbon atoms: How to change the crystal structure of graphene

A University of Arizona led team of physicists has discovered how to change the crystal structure of graphene more commonly known as pencil 'lead' with an electric field an important step toward the possible use ... - Read More

Breaking up water: Controlling molecular vibrations to produce hydrogen

Natural gas methane can be converted into hydrogen H2 which is used in clean energy synthetic fertilizers and many other chemicals The reaction requires water and a nickel catalyst Methane and water molecules attach on ... - Read More

Nanoelectronics: Edgy look at 2-D molybdenum disulfide

The drive to develop ultrasmall and ultrafast electronic devices using a single atomic layer of semiconductors such as transition metal dichalcogenides has received a significant boost Researchers with the U S Department of Energy DOE ... - Read More

Widespread hydrogen fueling infrastructure goal of new project

As hydrogen fuel cell vehicles continue to roll out in increasing numbers the infrastructure for fueling them must expand as well To this end a new project launched by the Energy Department and led by ... - Read More

Accelerator for molecular machines discovered

How hard can it be to make a wheel rotate in a machine Very hard actually when the wheel sits in one of those nano small molecular machines that are predicted to be running our ... - Read More

Ocean acidity is dissolving shells of tiny snails off U.S. West Coast

A NOAA led research team has found the first evidence that acidity of continental shelf waters off the West Coast is dissolving the shells of tiny free swimming marine snails called pteropods which provide food ... - Read More

Solving a mystery of thermoelectrics: Analysis of phase-change materials

Materials that can be used for thermoelectric devices those that turn a temperature difference into an electric voltage have been known for decades But until now there has been no good explanation for why just ... - Read More

Graphene is only as strong as its weakest link: Experiments determine real-world limits of two-dimensional carbon

There is no disputing graphene is strong But new research by Rice University and the Georgia Institute of Technology should prompt manufacturers to look a little deeper as they consider the miracle material for applications ... - Read More

New lab-on-a-chip device overcomes miniaturization problems

UNSW Australia chemists have invented a new type of tiny lab on a chip device that could have a diverse range of applications including to detect toxic gases fabricate integrated circuits and screen biological molecules ... - Read More

Sustainable barnacle-repelling paint could help the shipping industry and the environment

Barnacles might seem like a given part of a seasoned ship's hull but they're literally quite a drag and cause a ship to burn more fuel To prevent these and other hangers on from slowing ... - Read More

New tool to investigate the chemistry of nature: Laser-based tabletop setup generates ultrashort XUV light pulses

The Aziz' team at the Joint Laboratory between Freie Universität Berlin and HZB has built a laser based tabletop setup which generates ultrashort XUV light pulses and achieves their monochromatization by implementing special reflection zone ... - Read More

MRI-guided biopsy for brain cancer improves diagnosis

Neurosurgeons at UC San Diego Heath System have for the first time combined real time magnetic resonance imaging MRI technology with novel non invasive cellular mapping techniques to develop a new biopsy approach that increases ... - Read More

Bacteria combat dangerous gas leaks

Bacteria could mop up naturally occurring and human made leaks of natural gases before they are released into the atmosphere and cause global warming according to new research from the University of East Anglia Findings ... - Read More

Rhode Island: Nitrogen cycle differs in bay and sound

A new study reports that anammox a key process in the nitrogen cycle is barely present in Narragansett Bay even though it's a major factor just a little farther out into Rhode Island Sound Scientists ... - Read More

Urban river pollutants suppress wild bird development

Findings reveal that chicks of the Eurasian Dipper – a river bird that feeds exclusively on insects and fish in upland streams – are underweight compared to their rural counterparts Credit Image courtesy of Cardiff ... - Read More
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