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News articles about "Materials"

Solar cell polymers with multiplied electrical output

One challenge in improving the efficiency of solar cells is that some of the absorbed light energy is lost as heat So scientists have been looking to design materials that can convert more of that ... - Read More

Water, Water, Everywhere -- Controlling the Properties of Nanomaterials

Wendy Hames and Katie Bethea Published Work H W Wang M DelloStritto N Kumar A I Kolesnikov P R C Kent J D Kubicki D J Wesolowski and J O Sofo “Vibrational density of states ... - Read More

More sun means fewer children, grandchildren, Norwegian study finds

A new study from the Norwegian University of Science and Technology shows that increased UV radiation can have an effect on human fertility over generations Gine Roll Skjærvø at the Norwegian University of Science and ... - Read More

Chitosan: Sustainable alternative for food packaging

A research group of the UPV EHU University of the Basque Country has used a material known as chitosan made from crustacean shells to substitute petroleum by products Riverbanks and oceans are full of plastic ... - Read More

From the lab to your digital device, quantum dots have made quantum leaps

Outside his career as a noted nanochemist Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley Lab director Paul Alivisatos is an avid photographer To show off his photos his preferred device is a Kindle Fire HDX tablet because ... - Read More

Making synthetic materials more impervious: fewer plastic substances in food

Synthetic materials are convenient in many respects but they have one disadvantage they are permeable to gases In order to make plastic more impervious Ruhr Universität engineers apply wafer thin layers on surfaces This would ... - Read More

Flexible methane production from electricity and bio-mass

Interlinkage of the power and gas grids is planned to make electricity supply sustainable and robust in the future Fluctuating amounts of wind and solar power for instance might be stored in the form of ... - Read More

What's in the grime tarnishing the Taj Mahal?

Every several years workers apply a clay mask to India's iconic but yellowing Taj Mahal to remove layers of grime and reveal the white marble underneath Now scientists are getting to the bottom of what ... - Read More

Iron toxicity for cyanobacteria delayed oxygen accumulation in early Earth's atmosphere

Three billion years ago Earth's atmosphere contained less than 0.0001 percent oxygen Today's atmosphere has around 20 percent oxygen and that is due to the work of tiny microorganisms in Earth's primeval oceans Cyanobacteria which ... - Read More

Algae blooms create their own favorable conditions

Fertilizers are known to promote the growth of toxic cyanobacterial blooms in freshwater and oceans worldwide but a new multi institution study shows the aquatic microbes themselves can drive nitrogen and phosphorus cycling in a ... - Read More

Bamboo bike recharges mobile devices, external batteries by peddling

Bambootec consortium from Yucatán state in the south of Mexico designed a bamboo bicycle that transforms the kinetic energy generated by pedaling into a source of electricity that has the ability to simultaneously recharge mobile ... - Read More

Nanowire clothing could keep people warm, without heating everything else

To stay warm when temperatures drop outside we heat our indoor spaces even when no one is in them But scientists have now developed a novel nanowire coating for clothes that can both generate heat ... - Read More

Responsive material could be the 'golden ticket' of sensing

Researchers from the University of Cambridge have developed a new self assembled material which by changing its shape can amplify small variations in temperature and concentration of biomolecules making them easier to detect The material ... - Read More

Moving origami techniques forward for self-folding 3-D structures

Though the past 15 years have seen an exciting run of creative scientific advances in fabricating three dimensional 3D structures by self folding of 2D sheets the complexity of structures achieved to date falls far ... - Read More

Oil sand mining is not polluting Athabasca Delta, new sampling method reveals

A new study into the pre industrial baseline levels of heavy metals in sediment carried by the Athabasca River shows that emissions from the Alberta oil sands and other human activities have not yet increased ... - Read More

Magic numbers of quantum matter revealed by cold atoms

Topology a branch of mathematics classifying geometric objects has been exploited by physicists to predict and describe unusual quantum phases the topological states of matter These intriguing phases generally accessible at very low temperature exhibit ... - Read More

Emissions-free cars get closer

A University of Delaware research team is considering the important question of what it will take to create an affordable emissions free car The question an issue of engineering and economics is being studied by ... - Read More

Shedding light on why blue LEDS are so tricky to make

Scientists at UCL in collaboration with groups at the University of Bath and the Daresbury Laboratory have uncovered the mystery of why blue light emitting diodes LEDs are so difficult to make by revealing the ... - Read More

Cheap asphalt provides 'green' carbon capture

The best material to keep carbon dioxide from natural gas wells from fouling the atmosphere may be a derivative of asphalt according to Rice University scientists The Rice laboratory of chemist James Tour followed up ... - Read More

Deep Space Climate Observatory to provide 'EPIC' views of Earth

NASA has contributed two Earth science instruments for NOAA's space weather observing satellite called the Deep Space Climate Observatory or DSCOVR set to launch in January 2015. One of the instruments called EPIC or Earth ... - Read More
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