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News articles about "Materials"

Shining a light on quantum dots measurement

Due to their nanoscale dimensions and sensitivity to light quantum dots are being used for a number of bioimaging applications including in vivo imaging of tumor cells detection of biomolecules and measurement of pH changes ... - Read More

Self-destructive effects of magnetically-doped ferromagnetic topological insulators

The discovery of topologically protected electrical conductivity on the surface of some materials whose bulk interior acts as an insulator was among the most sensational advances in the last decade of condensed matter physics with ... - Read More

Live imaging captures how blood stem cells take root in the body

A see through zebrafish and enhanced imaging provide the first direct glimpse of how blood stem cells take root in the body to generate blood Reporting online in the journal Cell today researchers in Boston ... - Read More

Antiquity of dairying on Emerald Isle revealed

As dairy farmers across Europe anxiously await the lifting of EU milk quotas in April this year new research from the University of Bristol UK has revealed the antiquity of dairy farming in a region ... - Read More

Peat fire emissions may shed light on climate change

Wildfires which send hot flames and smoke high into the air create black carbon emissions associated with climate change and risk to human health Carbon emissions from wildfires in the contiguous U S are expected ... - Read More

NASA, NOAA find 2014 warmest year in modern record

The year 2014 ranks as Earth's warmest since 1880 according to two separate analyses by NASA and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NOAA scientists The 10 warmest years in the instrumental record with the exception ... - Read More

Sensors could give machines more accurate sense of smell than that of humans

Scientists have come up with a way of creating sensors which could allow machines to smell more accurately humans Every odour has its own specific pattern which our noses are able to identify Using a ... - Read More

New 'triggered-release' mechanism could improve drug delivery

More efficient medical treatments could be developed thanks to a new method for triggering the rearrangement of chemical particles The new method developed at the University of Warwick uses two 'parent' nanoparticles that are designed ... - Read More

Nanoparticles for clean drinking water

One way of removing harmful nitrate from drinking water is to catalyse its conversion to nitrogen This process suffers from the drawback that it often produces ammonia By using palladium nanoparticles as a catalyst and ... - Read More

Solving an organic semiconductor mystery

Organic semiconductors are prized for light emitting diodes LEDs field effect transistors FETs and photovoltaic cells As they can be printed from solution they provide a highly scalable cost effective alternative to silicon based devices ... - Read More

Perovskites provide big boost to silicon solar cells

Stacking perovskites onto a conventional silicon solar cell dramatically improves the overall efficiency of the cell according to a new study led by Stanford University scientists The researchers describe their novel perovskite silicon solar cell ... - Read More

Breakthrough lights up metamaterials

A City College of New York led team has successfully demonstrated how to both enhance light emission and capture light from metamaterials embedded with light emitting nanocrystals The breakthrough headed by physicist Dr Vinod Menon ... - Read More

Chemical analysis of ancient rocks reveals earliest record yet of Earth's atmosphere: Isotopic memory of atmospheric persistence

Chemical analysis of some of the world's oldest rocks by an international team led by McGill University researchers has provided the earliest record yet of Earth's atmosphere The results show that the air 4 billion ... - Read More

Did the Anthropocene begin with the nuclear age?

Scientists identify July 16 1945 as key time boundary in Earth history An international group of scientists has proposed a start date for the dawn of the Anthropocene a new chapter in the Earth's geological ... - Read More

Nearly half the systems crucial to stability of planet compromised

Almost half of the processes that are crucial to maintaining the stability of the planet have become dangerously compromised by human activity That is the view of an international team of 18 researchers who provide ... - Read More

Improved interface for a quantum internet

A quantum network requires efficient interfaces over which information can be transferred from matter to light and back In the current issue of Physical Review Letters Innsbruck physicists led by Rainer Blatt and Tracy Northup ... - Read More

Physicists observe light-matter interaction of two atoms for the first time

If two children splash in the sea high water waves will emerge due to constructive superposition Different observations are made for the microscopic world in an experiment at the University of Bonn where physicists used ... - Read More

Carbon nanotube finding could lead to flexible electronics with longer battery life

University of Wisconsin Madison materials engineers have made a significant leap toward creating higher performance electronics with improved battery life and the ability to flex and stretch Led by materials science Associate Professor Michael Arnold ... - Read More

Atomic placement of elements counts for strong concrete

Even when building big every atom matters according to new research on particle based materials at Rice University Rice researchers Rouzbeh Shahsavari and Saroosh Jalilvand have published a study showing what happens at the nanoscale ... - Read More

Improved solar panels and printed electronics on the horizon with new material discovery

Published today in Nature Communications University of Melbourne researchers say their discovery of the highly sought after 'nematic liquid crystals' can now lead to vastly improved organic solar cell performance Lead author Dr David Jones ... - Read More
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