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All About Chemistry... 2011 and beyond

News articles about "Materials"

Researchers identify materials to improve biofuel, petroleum processing

Using one of the largest supercomputers in the world a team of researchers led by the University of Minnesota has identified potential materials that could improve the production of ethanol and petroleum products The discovery ... - Read More

Lead negatively impacts cognitive functions of boys more than girls

A study recently published in the Journal of Environmental Health provides evidence the female hormones estrogen and estradiol may help ward off the effects of lead exposure for young girls explaining why boys in greater ... - Read More

Promising drug candidate protects against radiation exposure from nuclear fallout

The 2011 Fukushima disaster was a stark reminder of the continuing dangers posed by nuclear fallout highlighting the need for an approved drug that can be taken after radiation exposure to protect against organ injury ... - Read More

More light shed on on biomass breakdown

Scientists at the University of York are part of a research team which has found that a recently discovered family of enzymes can degrade resistant forms of starch Earlier research established that the enzymes lytic ... - Read More

Using less fish to test chemicals safety

The JRC has released a new strategy on how to replace reduce and refine the use of fish in testing of chemicals' effect on flora and fauna in water aquatic toxicity and chemicals' uptake and ... - Read More

The latest fashion: Graphene edges can be tailor-made

Theoretical physicists at Rice University are living on the edge as they study the astounding properties of graphene In a new study they figure out how researchers can fracture graphene nanoribbons to get the edges ... - Read More

Ocean could hold key to predicting recurring extreme winters

Research at the National Oceanography Centre NOC may help to predict extreme winters across Europe by identifying the set of environmental conditions that are associated with pairs of severe winters across consecutive years Pairs of ... - Read More

Scientists search for new ways to deal with U. S. uranium ore processing legacy

Researchers at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory are trying to find out why uranium persists in groundwater at former uranium ore processing sites despite remediation of contaminated surface materials two decades ago ... - Read More

New technique helps probe performance of organic solar cell materials

A research team led by North Carolina State University has developed a new technique for determining the role that a material's structure has on the efficiency of organic solar cells which are candidates for low ... - Read More

Boston's leaky pipes release high levels of heat-trapping methane

Imagine if every time you filled your car with gas a few gallons didn't make it into the tank and instead spilled onto the ground That's essentially what happens every day with the aging system ... - Read More

Fossils survive volcanic eruption to tell us about the origin of the Canary Islands

The most recent eruption on the Canary Islands at El Hierro in 2011 produced spectacularly enigmatic white floating rocks that originated from the layers of oceanic sedimentary rock underneath the island An international team of ... - Read More

Soils could keep contaminants in wastewater from reaching groundwater, streams

With endocrine disrupting compounds affecting fish populations in rivers as close as Pennsylvania's Susquehanna and as far away as Israel's Jordan a new research study shows that soils can filter out and break down at ... - Read More

Antibiotics, bacteria, resistance genes found in dust from feedlots

After testing dust in the air near cattle feedlots in the Southern High Plains researchers at The Institute of Environmental and Human Health at Texas Tech University found evidence of antibiotics feedlot derived bacteria and ... - Read More

New research re-creates planet formation, super-Earths and giant planets in the laboratory

New laser driven compression experiments reproduce the conditions deep inside exotic super Earths and giant planet cores and the conditions during the violent birth of Earth like planets documenting the material properties that determined planet ... - Read More

Path to artificial photosynthesis? Manganese catalyst's electronic states characterized

Scientists at the Helmholtz Center for Materials and Energy HZB in collaboration with the School of Chemistry and ARC Centre of Excellence for Electromaterials Science at Monash University Australia have precisely characterized a manganese catalyst's ... - Read More

Fine motor skills for robotic hands

Tying shoelaces stirring coffee writing letters playing the piano From the usual daily routine to demanding activities Our hands are used more frequently than any other body part Through our highly developed fine motor skills ... - Read More

Gold 'nano-drills' help with DNA analysis

Spherical gold particles are able to 'drill' a nano diameter tunnel in ceramic material when heated This is an easy and attractive way to equip chips with nanopores for DNA analysis for example Nanotechnologists of ... - Read More

Scientists 'bend' elastic waves with new metamaterials that could have commercial applications

Sound waves passing through the air objects that break a body of water and cause ripples or shockwaves from earthquakes all are considered elastic waves These waves travel at the surface or through a material ... - Read More

New conductive coatings for flexible touchscreens

Mobile phones and smart phones still haven't been adapted to the carrying habits of their users That much is clear to anyone who has tried sitting down with a mobile phone in their back pocket ... - Read More

Electroluminescent light sheets: Printable luminous particles enable cost-effective, large and curved luminous surfaces

Researchers at the INM Leibniz Institute for New Materials have now developed a new method that enables electroluminescence on large curved surfaces in a cost effective way in this case the light emitting layer and ... - Read More
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