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News articles about "Materials"

Artificial enzyme mimics natural detoxification mechanism in liver cells

Scientists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz JGU have discovered that molybdenum trioxide nanoparticles oxidize sulfite to sulfate in liver cells in analogy to the enzyme sulfite oxidase The functionalized Molybdenum trioxide nanoparticles can cross the ... - Read More

Reigning in chaos in particle colliders yields big results

When beams with trillions of particles go zipping around at near light speed there's bound to be some chaos Limiting that chaos in particle colliders is crucial for the groundbreaking results such experiments are designed ... - Read More

To address climate change, nothing substitutes for reducing carbon dioxide emissions

The politically expedient way to mitigate climate change is essentially no way at all according to a comprehensive new study by University of Chicago climatologist Raymond Pierrehumbert Among the climate pollutants humans put into the ... - Read More

High CO2 levels cause warming in tropics

The impact of the greenhouse gas CO2 on Earth's temperature is well established by climate models and temperature records over the past 100 years as well as coupled records of carbon dioxide concentration and temperature ... - Read More

Princess and the Pea? Invisibility cloak prevents an object from being felt

In the past years invisibility cloaks were developed for various senses Objects can be hidden from light heat or sound However hiding of an object from being touched still remained to be accomplished KIT scientists ... - Read More

Formation of organic thin-film transistors through room-temperature printing

Japanese researchers have established a process for forming organic thin film transistors TFTs conducting the entire printing process at room temperature under ambient atmospheric conditions Printed electronics the field in which electronic devices are produced ... - Read More

Concentrating solar power: Study shows greater potential

Concentrating solar power CSP could supply a substantial amount of current energy demand according to the study published in the journal Nature Climate Change In the Mediterranean region for example the study shows that a ... - Read More

Origin of life: Stanley Miller's forgotten experiments, analyzed

Stanley Miller the chemist whose landmark experiment published in 1953 showed how some of the molecules of life could have formed on a young Earth left behind boxes of experimental samples that he never analyzed ... - Read More

'Nanosubmarine' designed that delivers complementary molecules inside cells

With the continuing need for very small devices in therapeutic applications there is a growing demand for the development of nanoparticles that can transport and deliver drugs to target cells in the human body Recently ... - Read More

Deeper insights into protein folding

Study presents a new theoretical foundation explaining the mechanism of protein folding and unfolding in water Investigating the structure and dynamics of so called Meso Bio Nano MBN systems micron sized biological or nanotechnology entities ... - Read More

Packing hundreds of sensors into a single optical fiber for use in harsh environments

By fusing together the concepts of active fiber sensors and high temperature fiber sensors a team of researchers at the University of Pittsburgh has created an all optical high temperature sensor for gas flow measurements ... - Read More

Water-cleanup catalysts tackle biomass upgrading

Rice University chemical engineer Michael Wong has spent a decade amassing evidence that palladium gold nanoparticles are excellent catalysts for cleaning polluted water but even he was surprised at how well the particles converted biodiesel ... - Read More

Diamond plates create nanostructures through pressure, not chemistry

You wouldn't think that mechanical force the simple kind used to eject unruly patrons from bars shoe a horse or emboss the raised numerals on credit cards could process nanoparticles more subtly than the most ... - Read More

Let there be light: Chemists develop magnetically responsive liquid crystals for writing tablets, billboards and more

Chemists at the University of California Riverside have constructed liquid crystals with optical properties that can be instantly and reversibly controlled by an external magnetic field The research paves the way for novel display applications ... - Read More

Cheap and enviromentally friendly: Tofu ingredient could revolutionize solar panel manufacture

The chemical used to make tofu and bath salts could also replace a highly toxic and expensive substance used to make solar cells a University study published in the journal Nature has revealed Cadmium chloride ... - Read More

LEGO bricks turned into scientific tool to study plant growth

Ludovico Cademartiri had what seemed like an impossibly demanding list of requirements for his lab equipment The Iowa State University assistant professor of materials science and engineering wants to understand environmental effects on plant growth ... - Read More

Controlling body movement with light: Neuroscientists inhibit muscle contractions by shining light on spinal cord neurons

For the first time MIT neuroscientists have shown they can control muscle movement by applying optogenetics a technique that allows scientists to control neurons' electrical impulses with light to the spinal cords of animals that ... - Read More

Team develops a geothermometer for methane formation

Methane is a simple molecule consisting of just one carbon atom bound to four hydrogen atoms But that simplicity belies the complex role the molecule plays on Earth it is an important greenhouse gas is ... - Read More

New use for touchless technology in the operating theatre

Pioneering work using touchless technology for vascular surgery is now being extended to neurosurgery Dr Mark Rouncefield and Dr Gerardo Gonzalez from the School of Computing and Communications at Lancaster University were part of a ... - Read More

Unprecedented 3-D view of important brain receptor

Researchers with Oregon Health & amp Science University's Vollum Institute have given science a new and unprecedented 3 D view of one of the most important receptors in the brain a receptor that allows us ... - Read More
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