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News articles about "Materials"

It looks like rubber but isn't: What goes on in a concentrated solution of circular polymers?

The experimental and numerical study of the behaviour of polymers in concentrated solutions is a line of research that is still highly active In the past it enabled us to understand why materials like rubber ... - Read More

Switching an antibiotic on and off with light

Scientists of the KIT and the University of Kiev have produced an antibiotic whose biological activity can be controlled with light Thanks to the robust diarylethene photoswitch the antimicrobial effect of the peptide mimetic can ... - Read More

Mathematical equation that explains the behavior of nanofoams

A research study participated in by Universidad Carlos III de Madrid UC3M has discovered that nanometric size foam structures follow the same universal laws as does soap lather small bubbles disappear in favor of the ... - Read More

True value of cover crops to farmers, environment

Planting cover crops in rotation between cash crops widely agreed to be ecologically beneficial is even more valuable than previously thought according to a team of agronomists entomologists agroecologists horticulturists and biogeochemists from Penn State's ... - Read More

Ocean's carbon budget balanced: Supply of food to midwater organisms balanced with demands for food

Ocean scientists have for the first time successfully balanced the supply of food to midwater organisms with their demands for this food The depth at which they consume this sinking material regulates our climate by ... - Read More

Goldilocks principle: Earth's continued habitability due to geologic cycles that act as climate control

Researchers from USC and Nanjing University in China have documented evidence suggesting that part of the reason that Earth has become neither sweltering like Venus nor frigid like Mars lies with a built in atmospheric ... - Read More

Nanoparticle-based coating for aircraft engines may triple service life and reduce fuel consumption

Researchers at University West in Sweden have started using nanoparticles in the heat insulating surface layer that protects aircraft engines from heat In tests this increased the service life of the coating by 300% This ... - Read More

Algae may be a potential source of biofuels and biochemicals even in cool climate

Algae are organisms useful in many ways in the transition towards a bio economy Even in a cool climate as in Finland algae might be used to produce biochemicals and biofuels besides use in capture ... - Read More

Real-time simulation of textiles with new software

Fashion designers pattern makers and tailors produce new collections using computer programs The Fraunhofer Institute for Computer Graphics Research IGD in Darmstadt is working with partners on connecting both worlds so the design process can ... - Read More

Important and complex systems, from the global financial market to groups of friends, may be highly controllable

We don't often think of them in these terms but our brains global financial markets and groups of friends are all examples of different kinds of complex networks or systems And unlike the kind of ... - Read More

Planting cotton early may mean less stink bug damage

Stink bugs have been consistently ranked among the most damaging insect pests of cotton in the southeastern United States for the past several years Apart from the feeding damage stink bugs are capable of transmitting ... - Read More

Nanotube composites greatly increase efficiency of next generation of solar cells

Carbon nanotubes are becoming increasingly attractive for photovoltaic solar cells as a replacement to silicon Researchers at Umeå University in Sweden have discovered that controlled placement of the carbon nanotubes into nano structures produces a ... - Read More

High-strength materials from the pressure cooker: New materials made quickly and in eco-friendly manner

A Surprise in Materials Chemistry At Vienna University of Technology materials for lightweight construction protective clothing or sports equipment can be produced at high temperatures and high pressures This process is faster better and more ... - Read More

New technique makes LEDs brighter, more resilient

Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed a new processing technique that makes light emitting diodes LEDs brighter and more resilient by coating the semiconductor material gallium nitride GaN with a layer of phosphorus ... - Read More

Radiation damage at the root of Chernobyl's ecosystems

Radiological damage to microbes near the site of the Chernobyl disaster has slowed the decomposition of fallen leaves and other plant matter in the area according to a study just published in the journal Oecologia ... - Read More

New biotechnology product to make waterproof paper using natural enzymes

Oriol Cusola a 29 year old researcher from Lleida has patented a new aqueous compound to functionalise or modify the properties of paper and any other cellulosic material The compound uses natural enzymes instead of ... - Read More

Rewrite the textbooks on water's surface tension: Air-water interface is negatively charged by the adsorption of hydroxide ions

Researchers from the University of Melbourne and University of Sydney are confident their new reaserach results will make significant differences to the calculations of surface tension of water used by the next generation of atmospheric ... - Read More

Vaccination: No-refrigeration, spray vaccine could curb diseases in remote areas

A new kind of single dose vaccine that comes in a nasal spray and doesn't require refrigeration could dramatically alter the public health landscape get more people vaccinated around the world and address the looming ... - Read More

Thermal conductance can be controlled like waves using nanostructures

Thermal conduction is a familiar everyday phenomenon In a hot sauna for instance you can sit comfortably on a wooden bench that has a temperature of 100C 212F but if you touch a metallic nail ... - Read More

Building Heart Tissue That Beats

is an organ transplant But there are far more patients on waitlists for a transplant than there are donated hearts Even if a patient receives a new heart complications can arise The ideal solution would ... - Read More
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