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News articles about "Materials"

Crude oil production: Asphaltene analysis takes a giant step

Rice University researchers have developed an easy and accurate technique to detect and quantify the amount of asphaltene precipitated from crude oils which bedevils the oil industry by clogging wells and flow lines Asphaltene is ... - Read More

New acoustic insulation material that incorporates fibers from orange tree pruning

Scientists are using the fibers from orange tree pruning as an acoustic insulator The work is being done by a team of researchers from the Universitat Politècnica de València and the Universitat de Girona As ... - Read More

Optical nanoantennas set the stage for a NEMS lab-on-a-chip revolution

Newly developed tiny antennas likened to spotlights on the nanoscale offer the potential to measure food safety identify pollutants in the air and even quickly diagnose and treat cancer according to the Australian scientists who ... - Read More

Using 'fuzzy logic' to optimize hybrid solar/battery systems

How did fuzzy logic help a group of researchers in Tunisia and Algeria create an ideal photovoltaic system that obeys the supply and demand principle and its delicate balance In the Journal of Renewable & ... - Read More

Together, nanotechnology, genetic interference may tackle 'untreatable/ brain tumors

There are no effective available treatments for sufferers of Glioblastoma multiforme GBM the most aggressive and devastating form of brain tumor The disease always fatal has a survival rate of only 6 18 months Now ... - Read More

Novel pretreatment could cut biofuel costs by 30 percent or more

Researchers at the University of California Riverside have invented a novel pretreatment technology that could cut the cost of biofuels production by about 30 percent or more by dramatically reducing the amount of enzymes needed ... - Read More

Recycling of nutrients may be the key to saving Earth

Leakages of nutrients necessary for food production especially nitrogen and phosphorus cause severe eutrophication to the Earth's aquatic ecosystems and promote climate change However this threat also hides an opportunity An enhancement of the nutrient ... - Read More

Stretch and relax: Losing one electron switches magnetism on in dichromium

Scientists have used the unique Nanocluster Trap experimental station at the BESSY II synchrotron radiation source at Helmholtz Zentrum Berlin and published their results in the Journal Angewandte Chemie The electronic structure and bonding of ... - Read More

Simulating superconducting materials with ultracold atoms

Using ultracold atoms as a stand in for electrons a Rice University based team of physicists has simulated superconducting materials and made headway on a problem that's vexed physicists for nearly three decades The research ... - Read More

New catalyst to create chemical building blocks from biomass

University of Tokyo researchers have developed a novel selective catalyst that allows the creation of several basic chemicals from biomass instead of petroleum This discovery may lead to the use of plant biomass as a ... - Read More

Fever alarm armband: A wearable, printable, temperature sensor

University of Tokyo researchers have developed a fever alarm armband a flexible self powered wearable device that sounds an alarm in case of high body temperature This armband will be presented at the 2015 IEEE ... - Read More

Threat of ocean acidification to coastal communities in US

Coastal communities in 15 states that depend on the $1 billion shelled mollusk industry primarily oysters and clams are at long term economic risk from the increasing threat of ocean acidification a new report concludes ... - Read More

Quantum many-body systems on the way back to equilibrium

Advances in experimental and theoretical physics enable a deeper understanding of the dynamics and properties of quantum many body systems Considering that one cubic centimetre of matter already contains about 1019 to 1023 particles it ... - Read More

Frequency combs in molecular fingerprint region

In an article published in Nature Communications an international collaboration of scientists around Dr Nathalie Picqué Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics and Ludwig Maximilians Universität München describes a reliable new technique of producing a ... - Read More

Availabililty of rare metals for manufacturing: Are we (in)dependent of rare metals?

Numerous metallic elements are regarded as critical on one hand they play an ever more important role in so called future technologies and on the other there is a high risk of supply bottlenecks Small ... - Read More

Magnetic nanoparticles could stop blood clot-caused strokes

By loading magnetic nanoparticles with drugs and dressing them in biochemical camouflage Houston Methodist researchers say they can destroy blood clots 100 to 1 000 times faster than a commonly used clot busting technique The ... - Read More

Waste electrical and electronic equipment, including kitchen utensils, contain valuable materials

Anything from whisks and washing machines to power tools and PCs can be classed as WEEE at their end of life stage and most are now recycled as they usually contain many valuable materials or ... - Read More

Climate change influences distribution of organic pollutants in the Baltic Sea

Regional climate change models predict an increased freshwater runoff into the Baltic Sea This will result in increased inflow of terrestrial dissolved organic carbon According to Matyas Ripszam Umeå University this change will have high ... - Read More

Methane leaks from three large US natural gas fields in line with federal estimates

Tens of thousands of pounds of methane leak per hour from equipment in three major natural gas basins that span Texas Louisiana Arkansas and Pennsylvania according to airborne measurements published today But the overall leak ... - Read More

Shape-shifting nanorod ensembles release heat differently

Researchers at the U S Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory have revealed previously unobserved behaviors that show how details of the transfer of heat at the nanoscale causes nanoparticles to change shape in ensembles ... - Read More
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