All About Chemistry... 2011 and beyond

News articles about "Materials"

Cherenkov Effect improves radiation therapy for patients with cancer

The characteristic blue glow from a nuclear reactor is present in radiation therapy too Investigators from Dartmouth's Norris Cotton Cancer Center led by Brian W Pogue PhD and PhD candidates Adam K Glaser and Rongxiao ... - Read More

Bacteria in marine sponges harvest phosphorus for reef community

Did you ever wonder why the water is so clear around coral reefs Scientists have known for years that sponges can filter water and gather nutrients from the ocean making it appear crystal clear For ... - Read More

Looking back into the past of oceans: Acidification trends, seasonal fluctuations

Next to global warming ocean acidification is currently considered as the second major carbon dioxide problem With the increase of carbon dioxide CO2 in the atmosphere larger quantities of the gas are getting into the ... - Read More

New, useful feature of Moringa seeds revealed

Previous studies have shown that the extracts from seeds of the Moringa oleifera tree can be used for water purification In a new study researchers from Uppsala University show that the Moringa seeds can also ... - Read More

Renewable energy obtained from wastewater

Researchers from the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona have devised an efficient way to obtain electrical energy and hydrogen by using a wastewater treatment process The proposed system published in Water Research uses bacteria which consumes ... - Read More

Building tailor-made DNA nanotubes step by step

Researchers at McGill University have developed a new low cost method to build DNA nanotubes block by block a breakthrough that could help pave the way for scaffolds made from DNA strands to be used ... - Read More

Crude oil production: Asphaltene analysis takes a giant step

Rice University researchers have developed an easy and accurate technique to detect and quantify the amount of asphaltene precipitated from crude oils which bedevils the oil industry by clogging wells and flow lines Asphaltene is ... - Read More

New acoustic insulation material that incorporates fibers from orange tree pruning

Scientists are using the fibers from orange tree pruning as an acoustic insulator The work is being done by a team of researchers from the Universitat Politècnica de València and the Universitat de Girona As ... - Read More

Optical nanoantennas set the stage for a NEMS lab-on-a-chip revolution

Newly developed tiny antennas likened to spotlights on the nanoscale offer the potential to measure food safety identify pollutants in the air and even quickly diagnose and treat cancer according to the Australian scientists who ... - Read More

Using 'fuzzy logic' to optimize hybrid solar/battery systems

How did fuzzy logic help a group of researchers in Tunisia and Algeria create an ideal photovoltaic system that obeys the supply and demand principle and its delicate balance In the Journal of Renewable & ... - Read More

Together, nanotechnology, genetic interference may tackle 'untreatable/ brain tumors

There are no effective available treatments for sufferers of Glioblastoma multiforme GBM the most aggressive and devastating form of brain tumor The disease always fatal has a survival rate of only 6 18 months Now ... - Read More

Novel pretreatment could cut biofuel costs by 30 percent or more

Researchers at the University of California Riverside have invented a novel pretreatment technology that could cut the cost of biofuels production by about 30 percent or more by dramatically reducing the amount of enzymes needed ... - Read More

Recycling of nutrients may be the key to saving Earth

Leakages of nutrients necessary for food production especially nitrogen and phosphorus cause severe eutrophication to the Earth's aquatic ecosystems and promote climate change However this threat also hides an opportunity An enhancement of the nutrient ... - Read More

Stretch and relax: Losing one electron switches magnetism on in dichromium

Scientists have used the unique Nanocluster Trap experimental station at the BESSY II synchrotron radiation source at Helmholtz Zentrum Berlin and published their results in the Journal Angewandte Chemie The electronic structure and bonding of ... - Read More

Simulating superconducting materials with ultracold atoms

Using ultracold atoms as a stand in for electrons a Rice University based team of physicists has simulated superconducting materials and made headway on a problem that's vexed physicists for nearly three decades The research ... - Read More

New catalyst to create chemical building blocks from biomass

University of Tokyo researchers have developed a novel selective catalyst that allows the creation of several basic chemicals from biomass instead of petroleum This discovery may lead to the use of plant biomass as a ... - Read More

Fever alarm armband: A wearable, printable, temperature sensor

University of Tokyo researchers have developed a fever alarm armband a flexible self powered wearable device that sounds an alarm in case of high body temperature This armband will be presented at the 2015 IEEE ... - Read More

Threat of ocean acidification to coastal communities in US

Coastal communities in 15 states that depend on the $1 billion shelled mollusk industry primarily oysters and clams are at long term economic risk from the increasing threat of ocean acidification a new report concludes ... - Read More

Quantum many-body systems on the way back to equilibrium

Advances in experimental and theoretical physics enable a deeper understanding of the dynamics and properties of quantum many body systems Considering that one cubic centimetre of matter already contains about 1019 to 1023 particles it ... - Read More

Frequency combs in molecular fingerprint region

In an article published in Nature Communications an international collaboration of scientists around Dr Nathalie Picqué Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics and Ludwig Maximilians Universität München describes a reliable new technique of producing a ... - Read More
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