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News articles about "Materials"

Reducing emissions will be primary way to fight climate change, study finds

Forget about positioning giant mirrors in space to reduce the amount of sunlight being trapped in Earth's atmosphere or seeding clouds to reduce the amount of light entering earth's atmosphere Those approaches to climate engineering ... - Read More

Microbes engineered for direct conversion of biomass to fuel

The promise of affordable transportation fuels from biomass a sustainable carbon neutral route to American energy independence has been left perpetually on hold by the economics of the conversion process New research from the University ... - Read More

Solving the puzzle of ice age climates: Southern Ocean and explanation for 'Last Glacial Maximum'

The paleoclimate record for the last ice age a time 21 000 years ago called the Last Glacial Maximum LGM tells of a cold Earth whose northern continents were covered by vast ice sheets Chemical ... - Read More

Observing the random diffusion of missing atoms in graphene

Imperfections in the regular atomic arrangements in crystals determine many of the properties of a material and their diffusion is behind many microstructural changes in solids However imaging non repeating atomic arrangements is difficult in ... - Read More

Exciton detected in metal for first time: Microscopic quantum mechanical description of how light excites electrons in metals

University of Pittsburgh researchers have become the first to detect a fundamental particle of light matter interaction in metals the exciton The team will publish its work online June 1 in Nature Physics Humankind has ... - Read More

Transforming hydrogen into safer liquid fuel using atmospheric carbon dioxide

Hydrogen is often touted as the fuel of the future But because this gas is highly explosive it must be stored and transported under pressure in specialized and expensive containers Hydrogen therefore has issues in ... - Read More

World's best thermometer made from light

University of Adelaide physics researchers have produced the world's most sensitive thermometer three times more precise than the best thermometers in existence Published in the journal Physical Review Letters the researchers from the University's Institute ... - Read More

Tracking animals on videos: Software able to identify and track a specific individual within a group

Researchers from the Spanish National Research Council CSIC have developed a software based on the discovery of some algorithms that enable the identification of each individual therefore allowing their tracking within the group Thus the ... - Read More

Nano-platform ready: Scientists use DNA origami to create 2-D structures

Scientists at New York University and the University of Melbourne have developed a method using DNA origami to turn one dimensional nano materials into two dimensions Their breakthrough published in the latest issue of the ... - Read More

Rare chemical phenomenon that could be harnessed to harvest solar energy demonstrated by researchers

A team of international scientists led by Professor Jagadese J Vittal of the Department of Chemistry at the National University of Singapore's NUS Faculty of Science has successfully unraveled the chemical reaction responsible for propelling ... - Read More

Doing more with less: in cellulo structure determinations

Anyone involved in macromolecular crystallography will know that for many years scientists have had to rely on a multi stage process utilizing protein usually expressed in engineered cells which is then extracted and purified before ... - Read More

Creating tabletop light sources in the lab: Physicist builds useful light source from harmonic generation

A Kansas State University physicist's proposal may lead to a new way of creating tabletop light sources in the laboratory Cheng Jin research associate in physics Chii Dong Lin university distinguished professor of physics and ... - Read More

NUS Scientists Demonstrate Rare Chemical Phenomenon That Could Be Harnessed to Harvest Solar Energy

Released 6 2 2014 3 00 AM EDTSource Newsroom National University of Singapore more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations Angewandte Chemie International EditionJun 3 2014 A team ... - Read More

One step closer to a breath test for lung cancer

Results of a University of Colorado Cancer Center study presented at the 50th Annual Meeting of the American Society for Clinical Oncology ASCO show that a test of organic compounds in exhaled breath can not ... - Read More

New method of wormlike motion lets gels wiggle through water

Next time you spot an earthworm sliding through fresh dirt take a closer look What you're seeing is an organic movement called peristaltic locomotion that has been meticulously refined by nature Jarod Gregory an undergraduate ... - Read More

Engineering professor hopes to improve carbon-capture with patented technology

Less than a year after patenting a process that could improve stripping greenhouse gasses from industrial emissions a University of Alabama engineering professor was recently granted another patent that uses a different solvent to accomplish ... - Read More

Compact, extremely small-scale incubator microscope to examine cells in time lapse

Biologists and doctors rely heavily on incubators and microscopes Now the Fraunhofer Institute for Biomedical Engineering IBMT has come up with a novel solution that combines the functions of both these tools in a compact ... - Read More

Novel laser system mimics sunlight to test solar cell efficiency

Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST have developed a laser based instrument that generates artificial sunlight to help test solar cell properties and find ways to boost their efficiency The novel ... - Read More

Climate change now a mainstream part of city planning: Global survey

An increasing number of cities around the world now include preparations for climate change in their basic urban planning but only a small portion of them have been able to make such plans part of ... - Read More

First real-time movies of the light-to-current conversion in an organic solar cell

Photovoltaic cells directly convert sun light into electricity and hence are key technological devices to meet one of the challenges that humankind has to face in this century a sustainable and clean production of renewable ... - Read More
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