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News articles about "Materials"

ORNL Team First to Fully Sequence Bacterial Genome Important to Fuel and Chemical Production

Katie Elyce Jones ### Image caption Sagar Utturkar coauthor of high rating biotechnology paper in the team’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory lab Permalink to this article Comment Share ... - Read More

X-rays unlock a protein's SWEET side

Sugar is a vital source of energy for both plants and animals alike Understanding just how sugar makes its way into the cell could lead to the design of better drugs for diabetes patients and ... - Read More

Decoding 'sweet codes' that determine protein fates

We often experience difficulties in identifying the accurate shape of dynamic and fluctuating objects This is especially the case in the nanoscale world of biomolecules The research group lead by Professor Koichi Kato of the ... - Read More

Making quantum dots glow brighter

Researchers from the University of Alabama in Huntsville and the University of Oklahoma have found a new way to control the properties of quantum dots those tiny chunks of semiconductor material that glow different colors ... - Read More

New halogenation enzyme found: Discovery to impact pharmaceutical and agricultural industries

Molecules containing carbon halogen bonds are produced naturally across all kingdoms of life and constitute a large family of natural products with a broad range of biological activities The presence of halogen substituents in many ... - Read More

First water-based nuclear battery can be used to generate electrical energy

From cell phones to cars and flashlights batteries play an important role in everyday life Scientists and technology companies constantly are seeking ways to improve battery life and efficiency Now for the first time using ... - Read More

Nanoribbon film keeps glass ice-free

Rice University scientists who created a deicing film for radar domes have now refined the technology to work as a transparent coating for glass The new work by Rice chemist James Tour and his colleagues ... - Read More

The future face of molecular electronics

The emerging field of molecular electronics could take our definition of portable to the next level enabling the construction of tiny circuits from molecular components In these highly efficient devices individual molecules would take on ... - Read More

Bacterial communication: And so they beat on, flagella against the cantilever

A team of researchers at Boston University and Stanford University School of Medicine has developed a new model to study the motion patterns of bacteria in real time and to determine how these motions relate ... - Read More

Reducing pesticides, adding sound vibrations and boosting harvests

Scientists in Italy are experimenting with sound vibrations to replace pesticides Adapting different eco friendly methods they are able to boost harvests and open up a new chapter in sustainable farming Scientists in Northern Italy ... - Read More

For electronics beyond silicon, a new contender emerges

Silicon has few serious competitors as the material of choice in the electronics industry Yet transistors the switchable valves that control the flow of electrons in a circuit cannot simply keep shrinking to meet the ... - Read More

Scientists twist radio beams to send data: Transmissions reach speeds of 32 gigibits per second

Building on previous research that twisted light to send data at unheard of speeds scientists at USC have developed a similar technique with radiowaves reaching high speeds without some of the hassles that can go ... - Read More

Computerized emotion detector

Face recognition software measures various parameters in a mug shot such as the distance between the person's eyes the height from lip to top of their nose and various other metrics and then compares it ... - Read More

Atmosphere in northern hemisphere has lower self-cleaning capacity than previously thought

Pollution is being removed more slowly from the atmosphere in the northern hemisphere than previously assumed An international research team that includes researchers from Wageningen University established that the atmospheric cleaning agent hydroxyl OH is ... - Read More

Microfluidics: Lab on a breathing chip

Human nasal epithelial cells cultured on a microchip react to air pollutants just like they would in the upper airway The upper respiratory tract is the first line of defense against air pollutants including allergens ... - Read More

BP Deepwater Horizon disaster: Researchers continue working to safeguard shoreline

An NJIT research team has estimated the total mass of oil that reached the Gulf of Mexico shore in the wake of the BP Deepwater Horizon blowout It's the first time such an estimate was ... - Read More

Microbes evolve faster than ocean can disperse them

Two Northeastern University researchers and their international colleagues have created an advanced model aimed at exploring the role of neutral evolution in the biogeographic distribution of ocean microbes Their findings were published Thursday in the ... - Read More

Scientists come closer to the industrial synthesis of a material harder than diamond

Researchers from the Technological Institute for Superhard and Novel Carbon Materials in Troitsk MIPT MISiS and MSU have developed anew method for the synthesis of an ultrahard material that exceeds diamond in hardness An article ... - Read More

Researchers control surface tension to manipulate liquid metals

Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed a technique for controlling the surface tension of liquid metals by applying very low voltages opening the door to a new generation of reconfigurable electronic circuits antennas ... - Read More

Elusive quantum transformations found near absolute zero

Heat drives classical phase transitions think solid liquid and gas but much stranger things can happen when the temperature drops If phase transitions occur at the coldest temperatures imaginable where quantum mechanics reigns subtle fluctuations ... - Read More
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