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News articles about "Materials"

Charting the global invasion of crop pests

Many of the world's most important crop producing countries will be fully saturated with pests by the middle of the century if current trends continue according to a new study led by the University of ... - Read More

Watching the structure of glass under pressure

Glass has many applications that call for different properties such as resistance to thermal shock or to chemically harsh environments Glassmakers commonly use additives such as boron oxide to tweak these properties by changing the ... - Read More

New analytical technology reveals 'nanomechanical' surface traits

A new research platform uses a laser to measure the nanomechanical properties of tiny structures undergoing stress and heating an approach likely to yield insights to improve designs for microelectronics and batteries This new technique ... - Read More

New solutions needed to recycle fracking water, experts say

Rice University scientists have performed a detailed analysis of water produced by hydraulic fracturing aka fracking of three gas reservoirs and suggested environmentally friendly remedies are needed to treat and reuse it Rice University researchers ... - Read More

Southwest U.S. may face 'megadrought' this century

Because of global warming scientists say the chances of the southwestern United States experiencing a decade long drought is at least 50 percent and the chances of a megadrought one that lasts over 30 years ... - Read More

Rubber meets the road with new carbon, battery technologies

Recycled tires could see new life in lithium ion batteries that provide power to plug in electric vehicles and store energy produced by wind and solar say researchers at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge ... - Read More

Small molecule acts as on-off switch for nature's antibiotic factory: Tells Streptomyces to either veg out or get busy

Scientists have identified the developmental on off switch for Streptomyces a group of soil microbes that produce more than two thirds of the world's naturally derived antibiotic medicines Their hope now would be to see ... - Read More

Nanodiamonds are forever: Did comet collision leave layer of nanodiamonds across Earth?

Most of North America's megafauna mastodons short faced bears giant ground sloths saber toothed cats and American camels and horses disappeared close to 13 000 years ago at the end of the Pleistocene period The ... - Read More

Second-hand e-cig smoke compared to regular cigarette smoke

Despite a 10 fold decrease in overall exposure to carcinogenic particulate matter researchers find increased levels of certain toxic metals in second hand smoke from e cigs E cigarettes are healthier for your neighbors than ... - Read More

All-in-one energy system offers greener power for off–grid homes, farms and businesses

An innovative 'trigeneration' system fuelled entirely by raw plant oils could have great potential for isolated homes and businesses operating outside grid systems both in the UK and abroad Developed by a consortium led by ... - Read More

3-D printing finds its 'sweet spot' through 'nifty shades of gray'

A 'less is more' approach has enabled UK engineers to make 3D printed parts lighter and stronger using methods that will also make 3D printing faster and more economical The technique uses a cutting edge ... - Read More

Major step toward optical computing: Non-metallic metamaterial used to 'compress' and contain light

The invention of fibre optics revolutionized the way we share information allowing us to transmit data at volumes and speeds we'd only previously dreamed of Now electrical engineering researchers at the University of Alberta are ... - Read More

Gasification of oil palm biomass to produce clean producer gas for heat, power generation

This technology can simultaneously remove impurities and produce clean gas for heat and power generation from waste biomass The process of burning fossil fuels such as petroleum coal and natural gas releases huge amounts of ... - Read More

Removing odor from wastewater using bacteria

The company EcoVerde by Mexican Humberto Uribe Luis Lobo designed a new filtration system that removes odor and other pollutants from wastewater through a biological process based on bacteria that feed on hydrogen sulfide a ... - Read More

Sweet! Glycocongugates are more than the sum of their sugars

There's a certain type of biomolecule built like a nano Christmas tree Called a glycoconjugate it's many branches are bedecked with sugary ornaments It's those ornaments that get all the glory That's because according to ... - Read More

Introducing the multi-tasking nanoparticle

Kit Lam and colleagues from UC Davis and other institutions have created dynamic nanoparticles NPs that could provide an arsenal of applications to diagnose and treat cancer Built on an easy to make polymer these ... - Read More

Breaking benzene selectively, at relatively mild temperatures

Aromatic compounds are found widely in natural resources such as petroleum and biomass and breaking the carbon carbon bonds in these compounds plays an important role in the production of fuels and valuable chemicals from ... - Read More

Spot light on tailor-made multicyclic type of polymers

Tokyo Tech scientists synthesize multicyclic type of polymers for the first time offering insights for tailoring polymer properties as well as the mathematics of complex geometries Polymers come with a range of properties dictated by ... - Read More

Materials: Cubic cluster chills out

A gadolinium based material that can be cooled by varying a magnetic field may be useful for cooling low temperature sensors Magnetic refrigeration is attracting attention as an efficient way to chill sensitive scientific instruments ... - Read More

Global warming pioneer calls for carbon dioxide to be taken from atmosphere and stored underground

Wally Broeker the first person to alert the world to global warming has called for atmospheric CO2 to be captured and stored underground He says that carbon capture combined with limits on fossil fuel emissions ... - Read More
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