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News articles about "Materials"

Breeding soybeans that can tolerate heat, drought

Hot dry conditions can wreak havoc on a field of soybeans According to the National Center for Soybean Technology drought is the greatest threat to profitability Work underway at South Dakota State University may change ... - Read More

Artificial light, biological clock disruptions, increase breast cancer risk, study finds

The disruption of a person's circadian rhythm their 24 hour biological clock has been linked to an increased risk of breast cancer according to new University of Georgia research The culprit in this study in ... - Read More

Breathing sand: New measurement technique detects oxygen supply to bottom of North Sea

New analytical methods show for the first time how the permeable sandy sediment at the bottom of the North Sea is supplied with oxygen and which factors determine the exchange Because the metabolic rate is ... - Read More

New study charts the fate of chemicals affecting health, environment

Looking forward in science often requires looking back evaluating trends to extrapolate future outcomes A classic case is Moore's Law which predicts that the density of components on an integrated circuit will double every 24 ... - Read More

Ocean's living carbon pumps: When viruses attack giant algal blooms, global carbon cycles are affected

When we talk about global carbon fixation pumping carbon out of the atmosphere and fixing it into organic molecules by photosynthesis proper measurement is key to understanding this process By some estimates almost half of ... - Read More

Structure of an iron-transport protein revealed

Iron is the most abundant trace element in humans As a cofactor of certain proteins it plays an essential role in oxygen transport and metabolism Due to the major importance of iron in a wide ... - Read More

Goldilocks principle wrong for particle assembly: Too hot and too cold is just right

Microscopic particles that bind under low temperatures will melt as temperatures rise to moderate levels but re connect under hotter conditions a team of New York University scientists has found Their discovery points to new ... - Read More

Crystallography: Towards controlled dislocations

Crystallographic defects or irregularities known as dislocations are often found within crystalline materials Two main types of dislocation exist edge and screw type However dislocations found in real materials tend to be a mix of ... - Read More

Researchers patent a nanofluid that improves heat conductivity

Researchers at the Universitat Jaume I UJI have developed and patented a nanofluid improving thermal conductivity at temperatures up to 400°C without assuming an increase in costs or a remodeling of the infrastructure This progress ... - Read More

How radiotherapy kills cancer cells

Scientists from Queen's University Belfast have been involved in a groundbreaking discovery in the area of experimental physics that has implications for understanding how radiotherapy kills cancer cells among other things Dr Jason Greenwood from ... - Read More

Extremely high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging

For the first time researchers have succeeded to detect a single hydrogen atom using magnetic resonance imaging which signifies a huge increase in the technology's spatial resolution In the future single atom MRI could be ... - Read More

Imaging electric charge propagating along microbial nanowires

The claim by microbiologist Derek Lovley and colleagues at the University of Massachusetts Amherst that the microbe Geobacter produces tiny electrical wires called microbial nanowires has been mired in controversy for a decade but the ... - Read More

In between red light and blue light: New functionality of molecular light switches

Diatoms play an important role in water quality and in the global climate They generate about one fourth of the oxygen in Earth's atmosphere and perform around one quarter of the global CO2 assimilation i ... - Read More

Wild molecular interactions in a new hydrogen mixture

Hydrogen the most abundant element in the cosmos responds to extremes of pressure and temperature differently Under ambient conditions hydrogen is a gaseous two atom molecule As confinement pressure increases the molecules adopt different states ... - Read More

Protocells and information strings: Self-organizing autocatalytic network created in computer model

How did life originate And can scientists create life These questions not only occupy the minds of scientists interested in the origin of life but also researchers working with technology of the future If we ... - Read More

Facetless crystals that mimic starfish shells could advance 3-D-printing pills

In a design that mimics a hard to duplicate texture of starfish shells University of Michigan engineers have made rounded crystals that have no facets We call them nanolobes They look like little hot air ... - Read More

See-through, one-atom-thick, carbon electrodes powerful tool to study brain disorders

Researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine and School of Engineering at the University of Pennsylvania and The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia have used graphene a two dimensional form of carbon only one atom thick ... - Read More

Robots recognize humans in disaster environments

Through a computational algorithm a team of researchers from the University of Guadalajara UDG in Mexico developed a neural network that allows a small robot to detect different patterns such as images fingerprints handwriting faces ... - Read More

See-through sensors open new window into the brain

Developing invisible implantable medical sensor arrays a team of University of Wisconsin Madison engineers has overcome a major technological hurdle in researchers' efforts to understand the brain The team described its technology which has applications ... - Read More

Superconducting circuits, simplified

Computer chips with superconducting circuits circuits with zero electrical resistance would be 50 to 100 times as energy efficient as today's chips an attractive trait given the increasing power consumption of the massive data centers ... - Read More
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