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News articles about "Material"

Chemists gain edge in next-gen energy: Flexible film can catalyze production of hydrogen

Rice University scientists who want to gain an edge in energy production and storage report they have found it in molybdenum disulfide The Rice lab of chemist James Tour has turned molybdenum disulfide's two dimensional ... - Read More

Combining 'Tinkertoy' materials with solar cells for increased photovoltaic efficiency

Researchers at Sandia National Laboratories have received a $1.2 million award from the U S Department of Energy's SunShot Initiative to develop a technique that they believe will significantly improve the efficiencies of photovoltaic materials ... - Read More

New process transforms wood, crop waste into valuable chemicals

Scientists have disclosed a new method to convert lignin a biomass waste product into simple chemicals The innovation is an important step toward replacing petroleum based fuels and chemicals with biorenewable materials says Shannon Stahl ... - Read More

Nanotubes could serve as 'universal scaffolding' for cell membrane channels

A study in which the Membrane Nanomechanics group led by the Ikerbasque lecturer Dr Vadim Frolov at the Biophysics Unit of the UPV EHU University of the Basque Country has participated suggests that single wall ... - Read More

3-D printing incorporates quasicrystals for stronger manufacturing products

Researchers at the University of Lorraine in France say that quasicrystals a type of complex metal alloy with crystal like properties can be useful in the design of new composite materials Automotive aerospace and machinery ... - Read More

Tracking heat-driven decay in leading electric vehicle batteries

Rechargeable electric vehicles are one of the greatest tools against rising pollution and carbon emissions and their widespread adoption hinges on battery performance Scientists specializing in nanotechnology continue to hunt for the perfect molecular recipe ... - Read More

New solar power material converts 90 percent of captured light into heat

A multidisciplinary engineering team at the University of California San Diego developed a new nanoparticle based material for concentrating solar power plants designed to absorb and convert to heat more than 90 percent of the ... - Read More

Functional nanomaterials to advance vehicle battery tech

Future fleets of electric vehicles will require high capacity batteries that recharge rapidly degrade very little over time and operate safely Lithium ion Li ion batteries similar to the ones found inside portable electronics currently ... - Read More

'Nanomotor lithography' answers call for affordable, simpler device manufacturing

What does it take to fabricate electronic and medical devices tinier than a fraction of a human hair Nanoengineers at the University of California San Diego recently invented a new method of lithography in which ... - Read More

Making lab-grown tissues stronger

Lab grown tissues could one day provide new treatments for injuries and damage to the joints including articular cartilage tendons and ligaments Cartilage for example is a hard material that caps the ends of bones ... - Read More

New devices based on metamaterials

Víctor Torres Landivar Telecommunications engineer has designed and manufactured new devices based on metamaterials artificial materials with properties not found in nature On drawing up his PhD defended at the Public University of Navarre UPNA ... - Read More

Scientists disprove theory that reconstructed boron surface is metallic

Scientific inquiry is a hit and miss proposition subject to constant checking and rechecking Recently a new class of materials was discovered called topological insulators nonmetallic materials with a metallic surface capable of conducting electrons ... - Read More

Super stable garnet ceramics may be ideal for high-energy lithium batteries

Scientists at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have discovered exceptional properties in a garnet material that could enable development of higher energy battery designs The ORNL led team used scanning transmission electron ... - Read More

Imaging electric charge propagating along microbial nanowires

The claim by microbiologist Derek Lovley and colleagues at the University of Massachusetts Amherst that the microbe Geobacter produces tiny electrical wires called microbial nanowires has been mired in controversy for a decade but the ... - Read More

Crystallizing the DNA nanotechnology dream

DNA has garnered attention for its potential as a programmable material platform that could spawn entire new and revolutionary nanodevices in computer science microscopy biology and more Researchers have been working to master the ability ... - Read More

Wild molecular interactions in a new hydrogen mixture

Hydrogen the most abundant element in the cosmos responds to extremes of pressure and temperature differently Under ambient conditions hydrogen is a gaseous two atom molecule As confinement pressure increases the molecules adopt different states ... - Read More

Facetless crystals that mimic starfish shells could advance 3-D-printing pills

In a design that mimics a hard to duplicate texture of starfish shells University of Michigan engineers have made rounded crystals that have no facets We call them nanolobes They look like little hot air ... - Read More

See-through, one-atom-thick, carbon electrodes powerful tool to study brain disorders

Researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine and School of Engineering at the University of Pennsylvania and The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia have used graphene a two dimensional form of carbon only one atom thick ... - Read More

See-through sensors open new window into the brain

Developing invisible implantable medical sensor arrays a team of University of Wisconsin Madison engineers has overcome a major technological hurdle in researchers' efforts to understand the brain The team described its technology which has applications ... - Read More

Atomic trigger shatters mystery of how glass deforms

Throw a rock through a window made of silica glass and the brittle insulating oxide pane shatters But whack a golf ball with a club made of metallic glass a resilient conductor that looks like ... - Read More
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