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News articles about "Material"

Unique Chemistry Reveals Eruption of Ancient Materials Once at Earth's Surface

was subducted into the mantle more than 2.5 billion years ago and recycled into the mantle source of the Mangaia lavas ” said Rita Cabral the study’s primary author and a graduate student in Boston ... - Read More

What planets are made of: Findings establish counterintuitive potential planet-forming materials

Planets
A team of researchers led by Artem R Oganov a professor of theoretical crystallography in the Department of Geosciences has made a startling prediction that challenges existing chemical models and current understanding of planetary interiors ... - Read More

Unique sulfur isotopes in plume lavas reveal deep mantle storage of archean crust

was subducted into the mantle more than 2.5 billion years ago and recycled into the mantle source of the Mangaia lavas ” says Rita Cabral the study’s primary author and a graduate student in BU’s ... - Read More

Ancient Earth crust stored in deep mantle

Scientists have long believed that lava erupted from certain oceanic volcanoes contains materials from the early Earth's crust But decisive evidence for this phenomenon has proven elusive New research from a team including Carnegie's Erik ... - Read More

Unique Sulfur Isotopes in Plume Lavas Reveal Deep Mantle Storage of Archean Crust

Founded in 1839 Boston University is an internationally recognized private research university with more than 30 000 students participating in undergraduate graduate and professional programs As Boston University’s largest academic division the College and Graduate ... - Read More

Recipe for low-cost, biomass-derived catalyst for hydrogen production

Catalyst
In a paper to be published in an upcoming issue of Energy & amp Environmental Science researchers at the U S Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory describe details of a low cost stable effective ... - Read More

Geoscientists Predict New Compounds Could Change Our View of What Planets are Made of

a much cheaper route compared to traditional experimental methods ” said Zhu  “It is known that MgO makes up about 10 percent of the volume of our planet and on other planets this fraction can ... - Read More

Source of organic matter affects Bay water quality

organic matter
Each time it rains runoff carries an earthy tea steeped from leaf litter crop residue soil and other organic materials into the storm drains and streams that feed Chesapeake Bay Share This See Also Sustainability ... - Read More

New material approach should increase solar cell efficiency

New material
When designing next generation solar energy conversion systems we must first develop ways to more efficiently utilize the solar spectrum explained Lane Martin whose research group has done just that Share This See Also Materials ... - Read More

Nanowires grown on graphene have surprising structure

Structure, Structure
When a team of University of Illinois engineers set out to grow nanowires of a compound semiconductor on top of a sheet of graphene they did not expect to discover a new paradigm of epitaxy ... - Read More

New research findings open door to zinc-oxide-based UV lasers, LED devices

Researchers from North Carolina State University have solved a long standing materials science problem making it possible to create new semiconductor devices using zinc oxide ZnO including efficient ultraviolet UV lasers and LED devices for ... - Read More

Iron in primeval seas rusted by bacteria

Bacteria, bacteria
Researchers from the University of Tübingen have been able to show for the first time how microorganisms contributed to the formation of the world's biggest iron ore deposits The biggest known deposits in South Africa ... - Read More

Scientists map all possible drug-like chemical compounds: Library of millions of small, carbon-based molecules chemists might synthesize

molecules, Chemical compounds, Compounds, Synthesize
Drug developers may have a new tool to search for more effective medications and new materials Share This See Also Chemistry Organic Chemistry Computer Programming Communications Chemical compound Molecule Chemical bond Resonance chemistry It's a ... - Read More

Fertilizer Expert - Chemical Storage Appears 'Highly Risky' at Texas Explosion Site

Expert Pitch Released 4 19 2013 4 30 PM EDTSource Newsroom Cornell University more news from this source Harold Van Es is a professor of Soil and Water Management and the former chair of the ... - Read More

Revolutionary new device joins world of smart electronics: New flexible, transparent, photosensitive device

Smart electronics are taking the world by storm From techno textiles to transparent electronic displays the world of intelligent technology is growing fast and a revolutionary new device has just been added to its ranks ... - Read More

New solar-cell coating could enable a major boost in efficiency

Coating
Throughout decades of research on solar cells one formula has been considered an absolute limit to the efficiency of such devices in converting sunlight into electricity Called the Shockley Queisser efficiency limit it posits that ... - Read More

Cheaper natural gas-powered cars on the horizon?

Natural gas, Gas
When it comes to American consumers' vehicular preferences Texas A& amp M University chemist Hongcai Joe Zhou says the choice often boils down to simple economics more so than availability environment or altruism Share This ... - Read More

Softening steel problem expands computer model applications

Steel, Applications
Sandia National Laboratories researchers Lisa Deibler and Arthur Brown had a ready made problem for their computer modeling work when they partnered with the National Nuclear Security Administration's Kansas City Plant  to improve stainless steel ... - Read More

Scientists discover new materials to capture methane

New materials
Scientists at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory LLNL and UC Berkeley and have discovered new materials to capture methane the second highest concentration greenhouse gas emitted into the atmosphere Share This See Also Petroleum Materials Science ... - Read More

Building a better capacitor with custom nanorods

Building, Nanorods
A new process for growing forests of manganese dioxide nanorods may lead to the next generation of high performance capacitors Share This See Also Energy Technology Batteries Solar Energy Physics Electricity Petroleum Electric power Capacitor ... - Read More
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