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News articles about "Material"

New material steals oxygen from air

Researchers from the University of Southern Denmark have synthesized crystalline materials that can bind and store oxygen in high concentrations The stored oxygen can be released again when and where it is needed We do ... - Read More

All directions are not created equal for nanoscale heat sources

Thermal considerations are rapidly becoming one of the most serious design constraints in microelectronics especially on submicron scale lengths A study by researchers from the University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign has shown that standard ... - Read More

Nanotechnology: Fullerene spheres can be used to slide in the nanoworld

Nano machines around one billionth of a metre in size of the future will need tiny devices to reduce friction and make movement possible The C60 molecule also known as fullerene or buckyball seemed to ... - Read More

Crumpled graphene could power future stretchable electronics

When someone crumples a sheet of paper that usually means it's about to be thrown away But researchers have now found that crumpling a piece of graphene paper a material formed by bonding together layers ... - Read More

Improvements in fuel cell design

Fuel cells could possibly replace the batteries of mobile phones and laptop computers and the UPV EHU University of the Basque Country is looking at ways of enhancing their efficiency Researchers in the renewable energy ... - Read More

Continuous fabrication system for highly aligned polymer films provides method for tuning mechanical and thermal properties in bulk polymers

A team of researchers from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology MIT in Cambridge MA have demonstrated a novel automated fabrication process consisting of a three step sol gel extrusion structure freezing and drying and mechanical ... - Read More

Properties in nanocomposite oxide ceramics for reactor fuel

Nanocomposite oxide ceramics have potential uses as ferroelectrics fast ion conductors and nuclear fuels and for storing nuclear waste generating a great deal of scientific interest on the structure properties and applications of these blended ... - Read More

New material steals oxygen from the air: One spoonful absorbs all the oxygen in a room

Researchers from the University of Southern Denmark have synthesized crystalline materials that can bind and store oxygen in high concentrations Just one spoon of the substance is enough to absorb all the oxygen in a ... - Read More

How to make a 'perfect' solar absorber

The key to creating a material that would be ideal for converting solar energy to heat is tuning the material's spectrum of absorption just right It should absorb virtually all wavelengths of light that reach ... - Read More

Platinum meets its match in quantum dots from coal: New catalyst for fuel cells outperforms platinum

Graphene quantum dots created at Rice University grab onto graphene platelets like barnacles attach themselves to the hull of a boat But these dots enhance the properties of the mothership making them better than platinum ... - Read More

Boosting biofuel: Yeast made to tolerate high levels of ethanol, making them more productive

Yeast are commonly used to transform corn and other plant materials into biofuels such as ethanol However large concentrations of ethanol can be toxic to yeast which has limited the production capacity of many yeast ... - Read More

Deconstruction of avant-garde cuisine could lead to even more fanciful dishes

One of the most iconic forms of avant garde cuisine also known as molecular gastronomy involves the presentation of flavorful edible liquids like cocktails or olive oil packaged into spheres Now a team of scientists ... - Read More

Stressed out: Research sheds new light on why rechargeable batteries fail

Pity the poor lithium ion Drawn relentlessly by its electrical charge it surges from anode to cathode and back again shouldering its way through an elaborate molecular obstacle course This journey is essential to powering ... - Read More

New absorber will lead to better biosensors

iological sensors or biosensors are like technological canaries in the coalmine By converting a biological response into an optical or electrical signal they can alert us to dangers in our external and internal environments They ... - Read More

Making quantum dots glow brighter

Researchers from the University of Alabama in Huntsville and the University of Oklahoma have found a new way to control the properties of quantum dots those tiny chunks of semiconductor material that glow different colors ... - Read More

Nanoribbon film keeps glass ice-free

Rice University scientists who created a deicing film for radar domes have now refined the technology to work as a transparent coating for glass The new work by Rice chemist James Tour and his colleagues ... - Read More

For electronics beyond silicon, a new contender emerges

Silicon has few serious competitors as the material of choice in the electronics industry Yet transistors the switchable valves that control the flow of electrons in a circuit cannot simply keep shrinking to meet the ... - Read More

Scientists come closer to the industrial synthesis of a material harder than diamond

Researchers from the Technological Institute for Superhard and Novel Carbon Materials in Troitsk MIPT MISiS and MSU have developed anew method for the synthesis of an ultrahard material that exceeds diamond in hardness An article ... - Read More

Elusive quantum transformations found near absolute zero

Heat drives classical phase transitions think solid liquid and gas but much stranger things can happen when the temperature drops If phase transitions occur at the coldest temperatures imaginable where quantum mechanics reigns subtle fluctuations ... - Read More

Imaging fuel injectors with neutrons

Blowing bubbles may be fun for kids but for engineers bubbles can disrupt fluid flow and damage metal Researchers from the Fuels Engines and Emissions Research Center at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National ... - Read More
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