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All About Chemistry... 2011 and beyond

News articles about "Material"

It slices, it dices, and it protects the body from harm: 3-D structure of enzyme that helps defend against bacteria

An essential weapon in the body's fight against infection has come into sharper view Researchers at Princeton University have discovered the 3D structure of an enzyme that cuts to ribbons the genetic material of viruses ... - Read More

Extraordinary momentum and spin discovered in evanescent light waves

A team of researchers from the RIKEN Center for Emergent Matter Science CEMS in Japan has identified unexpected dynamic properties of a type of light wave called evanescent waves These surprising findings contrast sharply with ... - Read More

Recent advances in the controlled synthesis and functional applications of luminescent metal nanoclusters

In a paper published in Science and Technology of Advanced Materials researchers summarize recent advances in the controlled synthesis and application of luminescent metal nanoclusters including potential uses in sensors bioimaging and energy harvesting and ... - Read More

Colored diamonds are a superconductor's best friend

Flawed but colorful diamonds are among the most sensitive detectors of magnetic fields known today allowing physicists to explore the minuscule magnetic fields in metals exotic materials and even human tissue University of California Berkeley ... - Read More

Transparent, color solar cells fuse energy, beauty

Colorful see through solar cells invented at the University of Michigan could one day be used to make stained glass windows decorations and even shades that turn the sun's energy into electricity The cells believed ... - Read More

Solution to planet-clogging plastics? Fully compostable bioplastic made from shrimp shells used to make objects

Researchers at Harvard's Wyss Institute have developed a method to carry out large scale manufacturing of everyday objects from cell phones to food containers and toys using a fully degradable bioplastic isolated from shrimp shells ... - Read More

Bioinspired, sponge-like shrinking gel steers tooth, tissue formation

A bit of pressure from a new shrinking sponge like gel is all it takes to turn transplanted unspecialized cells into cells that lay down minerals and begin to form teeth The bioinspired gel material ... - Read More

First step towards 'programmable materials': Sheet metal that never rattles

Researchers from Empa and ETH Zurich have succeeded in producing a prototype of a vibration damping material that could change the world of mechanics forever The material of the future is not only able to ... - Read More

Sustainable Energy Is Focus of Plenary Talks at American Chemical Society Meeting

Advances in renewable and sustainable energy including mimicking photosynthesis and optimizing lithium ion batteries are the topics of three plenary talks at the 247th National Meeting & amp Exposition of the American Chemical Society ACS ... - Read More

Swiss Cheese Crystal, or High-Tech Sponge?

and the researchers attached a light responsive chemical group called a diarylethene to the organic component of their material Diarylethene is special because it houses a ring of atoms that is normally open but shuts ... - Read More

New discoveries show biological formation of oxygen in soils

Oxygen , biological
In the 1930s the ability of green plants to form oxygen through oxidation of water photosynthesis was discovered Since then no other large scale biological formation of oxygen has been found until now New research ... - Read More

Understanding the functioning of a new type of solar cell

Photovoltaic energy conversion offers one of the best means for the future of renewable energy in the world The efficiency of solar cells depends heavily upon the light absorbing materials they use Photovoltaic systems based ... - Read More

Engineering new properties on ultra-thin nanomaterials: Tool opens door for design of new phases of materials

Physicists have engineered novel magnetic and electronic phases in the ultra thin films of in a specific electronic magnetic material opening the door for researchers to design new classes of material for the next generation ... - Read More

Engineers create light-activated 'curtains'

Light, Light
Forget remote controlled curtains A new development by researchers at the University of California Berkeley could lead to curtains and other materials that move in response to light no batteries needed A research team led ... - Read More

Ultra-thin tool heating for injection molding

In future thin film heating will allow plastic parts to be produced with greatly improved surface quality Researchers have also found a way to make the whole process more energy efficient If you have ever ... - Read More

Solar-power device would use heat to enhance efficiency

Heat
A new approach to harvesting solar energy developed by MIT researchers could improve efficiency by using sunlight to heat a high temperature material whose infrared radiation would then be collected by a conventional photovoltaic cell ... - Read More

Improving the reliability of electronic devices by mitigating corrosive effects

A study of the thermodynamic properties of copper connections uncovers a route to improving the reliability of electronic devices One in five electronic device failures is a result of corrosion Bonds the metal connections that ... - Read More

Carbon dioxide tamed: Making this ubiquitous gas industrially useful

Using a copper catalyst to unite carbon dioxide with organic molecules under mild conditions could make this ubiquitous gas industrially useful Carbon dioxide has become notorious as a troublesome greenhouse gas produced by burning fossil ... - Read More

Energy storage in miniaturized capacitors may boost green energy technology

Energy, Energy, Energy, energy, energy
The capacitors of electronic circuits function something like batteries storing electrical charge that can be quickly dumped to power devices like camera flashes So called supercapacitors take the energy storing abilities of capacitors a step ... - Read More

'Standing on a comet': Rosetta mission will contribute to space weather research

A comet bound spacecraft that's been in sleep mode for more than two years is scheduled to wake up on the morning of Jan 20 beginning the home stretch of its decade long journey to ... - Read More
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