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All About Chemistry... 2011 and beyond

News articles about "Material"

Discovery could yield more efficient portable electronics, solar cells

By figuring out how to precisely order the molecules that make up what scientists call organic glass the materials at the heart of some electronic displays light emitting diodes and solar cells a team of ... - Read More

The first observation of the effect of electron spin of molecular oxygen on the surface oxidation reaction

Mitsunori Kurahashi a Chief Researcher of the Nano Characterization Unit Unit Director Daisuke Fujita National Institute for Materials Science President Sukekatsu Ushioda and Yasushi Yamauchi a Group Leader in the same unit presented the first ... - Read More

Printable particles for large, curved luminous surfaces

Light emitting diodes LEDs are the modern lighting devices used in lamps signals signs or displays By contrast organic semiconducting light emitting materials OLEDs can be incorporated in thin layers and used on curved surfaces ... - Read More

Rare-earth innovation to improve nylon manufacturing

The Critical Materials Institute a U S Department of Energy Innovation Hub led by the Ames Laboratory has created a new chemical process that makes use of the widely available rare earth metal cerium to ... - Read More

New form of ice: Square ice filling for a graphene sandwich

Water exists in myriad forms and for poets and scientists alike this structurally simple yet at the same time behaviourally complex molecule never fails to fascinate In our everyday lives we are familiar with water ... - Read More

Algae From Clogged Waterways Could Serve as Biofuels and Fertilizer

which is an advantage Large scale centralized “algal turf scrubber” operations in Florida and elsewhere are getting underway and are growing natural communities of periphytic or attached algae for biofuel production Miller is building on ... - Read More

Food Additive Could Serve as a Safer, More Environmentally Friendly Antifreeze

the syrupy liquid is a common food additive used to absorb excessive moisture and stabilize mixtures For example it is in some foods that contain artificial sweeteners as well as in some pastry icings It ... - Read More

Soils retain, contain radioactivity in Fukushima

Radiation suddenly contaminates the land your family has farmed and lived on for generations Can soil play a role in protecting crops and human health Research in Fukushima Japan may lend an answer On March ... - Read More

Magnets can control heat and sound: Experiment reveals new mysterious properties of sound waves

Researchers at The Ohio State University have discovered how to control heat with a magnetic field In the March 23 issue of the journal Nature Materials they describe how a magnetic field roughly the size ... - Read More

Squeeze to remove heat: Elastocaloric materials enable more efficient, 'green' cooling

Move over vapor compression cooling technology Emerging elastocaloric refrigeration is potentially much more efficient and unlike vapor compression relies on environmentally friendly refrigerants In elastocaloric materials a change in mechanical stress can create a change ... - Read More

Building shape inspires new material discovery

Physicists inspired by the radical shape of a Canberra building have created a new type of material which enables scientists to put a perfect bend in light The creation of a so called topological insulator ... - Read More

Scientists build a nanolaser using a single atomic sheet

University of Washington scientists have built a new nanometer sized laser using the thinnest semiconductor available today that is energy efficient easy to build and compatible with existing electronics Lasers play essential roles in countless ... - Read More

New technique paints tissue samples with light

One infrared scan can give pathologists a window into the structures and molecules inside tissues and cells enabling fast and broad diagnostic assessments thanks to an imaging technique developed by University of Illinois researchers and ... - Read More

New kind of 'tandem' solar cell: New solar cell combines two materials for broader absorption

Researchers at MIT and Stanford University have developed a new kind of solar cell that combines two different layers of sunlight absorbing material in order to harvest a broader range of the sun's energy The ... - Read More

Key to the long-term storage of dissolved organic carbon in the deep ocean

Researchers from the Malaspina Expedition have made strides in the understanding of the mechanisms governing the persistence of dissolved organic carbon DOC for hundreds or thousands of years in the deep ocean Most of this ... - Read More

Magnets can control heat and sound

Researchers at The Ohio State University have discovered how to control heat with a magnetic field In the March 23 issue of the journal Nature Materials they describe how a magnetic field roughly the size ... - Read More

Graphene: from a wonder material to the application in mobile communication

GSM UMTS LTE WiFi Bluetooth to name just a few of the wireless standards that have become a natural part of mobile communication today For all these wireless standards signal processing could not be done ... - Read More

A graphene solution for microwave interference

Microwave communication is ubiquitous in the modern world with electromagnetic waves in the tens of gigahertz range providing efficient transmission with wide bandwidth for data links between Earth orbiting satellites and ground stations Such ultra ... - Read More

Catch-release-repeat: Novel technique for handling molecules

Like vast international trading companies biological systems pick up freight items in the form of small molecules transport them from place to place and release them at their proper destination These ubiquitous processes are critical ... - Read More

Molecule from plants could make our roads and roofs 'greener'

Construction crews may someday use a plant molecule called lignin in their asphalt and sealant mixtures to help roads and roofs hold up better under various weather conditions It also could make them more environmentally ... - Read More
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