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All About Chemistry... 2011 and beyond

News articles about "Material"

New sensor is almost as sensitive as a dog's nose

Light, Light
Scientists at ETH Zurich and the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory LLNL in California have developed an innovative sensor for surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy SERS Thanks to its unique surface properties at nanoscale the method can ... - Read More

A completely new atomic crystal dynamic of the white pigment titanium dioxide discovered

Atomic, Crystal
An international team of researchers at Vienna University of Technology in Austria and at Princeton University in the USA has confirmed theoretically predicted interactions between single oxygen molecules and crystalline titanium dioxide The results which ... - Read More

Oxygen 'sponge' presents path to better catalysts, energy materials

Catalysts
Scientists at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have developed a new oxygen sponge that can easily absorb or shed oxygen atoms at low temperatures Materials with these novel characteristics would be useful ... - Read More

How quickly can a bacterium grow? E. coli can replicate close to thermodynamic limits of efficiency

Replication, Heat
All living things must obey the laws of physics including the second law of thermodynamics which states that the universe's disorder or entropy can only grow Highly ordered cells and organisms appear to contradict this ... - Read More

Explanation for strange magnetic behavior at semiconductor interfaces

They're not exactly the peanut butter and jelly of semiconductors but when you put them together something magical happens Alone neither lanthanum aluminate nor strontium titanate exhibit any particularly notable properties But when they are ... - Read More

RNA double helix structure identified using synchrotron light

Light, Structure, Structure, Light
When Francis Crick and James Watson discovered the double helical structure of deoxyribonucleic acid DNA in 1953 their findings began a genetic revolution to map study and sequence the building blocks of living organisms DNA ... - Read More

Simple mix of rock and organic waste is powerful fertilizer

Fertilizer
Food and biofuel crops could be grown and maintained in many places where it wasn't previously possible such as deserts landfills and former mining sites thanks to an inexpensive non chemical soil additive The additive ... - Read More

Researchers open a door for solid state physics: Laser processes observed with X-rays on a solid

Solid state
Without the currently available plethora of X ray methods basic research in the physical sciences would be unthinkable The methods are used in solid state physics in the analysis of biological structures and even art ... - Read More

Quick test kit detects phenolic compounds in drinking water

Compounds
Clean drinking water is a diminishing natural resource in developing nations and in many industrialised countries VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland has developed a simple and inexpensive test kit that detects phenolic compounds in ... - Read More

Sticking power of plant polyphenols used in new coatings

A simple kitchen sink experiment helped Northwestern University researchers discover that green tea leaves not only can be used to steep a good cup of tea but they make an excellent antibacterial coating too And ... - Read More

3-D graphene: Solar cells' new platinum?

cells, cells
One of the most promising types of solar cells has a few drawbacks A scientist at Michigan Technological University may have overcome one of them Dye sensitized solar cells are thin flexible easy to make ... - Read More

Lab-made complexes are 'sun sponges'

Light, Light
A ring of protein and pigments half synthetic and half natural can be used to quickly prototype light harvesting antennas that absorb more sunlight than fully natural ones In diagrams it looks like a confection ... - Read More

Drug delivery: Why gold nanoparticles can penetrate cell walls

Cells are very good at protecting their precious contents and as a result it's very difficult to penetrate their membrane walls to deliver drugs nutrients or biosensors without damaging or destroying the cell One effective ... - Read More

Two become one with the 3-D NanoChemiscope: Unique surface analysis instrument

Surface analysis, Analysis
The 3D NanoChemiscope is a miracle of state of the art analysis technology As a further development of well known microscopic and mass spectroscopic methods it maps the physical and chemical surfaces of materials down ... - Read More

American Chemical Society's Highest Honor Goes to Stephen J. Lippard, Ph.D.

and opened the door to efforts to develop more effective anti cancer medications During a five decade career Lippard authored more than 830 scientific papers and dozens of patents Along with Jeremy M Berg Ph ... - Read More

Lab-Made Complexes Are "Sun Sponges"

Released 8 23 2013 12 30 PM EDTSource Newsroom Washington University in St Louis more news from this source Aug 24 2013 In diagrams it looks like a confection of self curling ribbon with bits ... - Read More

Synthetic polymers enable cheap, efficient, durable alkaline fuel cells

Synthetic polymers, Fuel, Fuel cells
A new cost effective polymer membrane can decrease the cost of alkaline batteries and fuel cells by allowing the replacement of expensive platinum catalysts without sacrificing important aspects of performance according to Penn State researchers ... - Read More

New materials for bio-based hydrogen synthesis: Synthetic biology enables spontaneous protein activation

New materials, Spontaneous, Synthesis
Researchers at the Ruhr Universität Bochum RUB have discovered an efficient process for hydrogen biocatalysis They developed semi synthetic hydrogenases hydrogen generating enzymes by adding the protein's biological precursor to a chemically synthesized inactive iron ... - Read More

'Soft robotic' devices using water-based gels

Gels
Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed a new technique for creating devices out of a water based hydrogel material that can be patterned folded and used to manipulate objects The technique holds promise ... - Read More

Cobalt replacements make solar cells more sustainable

Researchers at the University of Basel have successfully replaced the rare element iodine in copper based dye sensitized solar cells by the more abundant element cobalt taking a step forward in the development of environmentally ... - Read More
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