All About Chemistry... 2011 and beyond

News articles about "Material"

Same forces as today caused climate changes 1.4 billion years ago

Natural forces have always caused the climate on Earth to fluctuate Now researchers have found geological evidence that some of the same forces as today were at play 1.4 billion years ago Fluctuating climate is ... - Read More

New research into materials for tooth fillings

Tooth decay is a serious health problem and it is often necessary to repair cavities Today they often use a composite filling material made of acrylate compounds as it resembles the colour of the teeth ... - Read More

How rivers creep, flow to shape landscapes over time

Rivers drive the evolution of Earth's surface by eroding and depositing sediment But for nearly a century geologists have puzzled over why theoretical models which use principles of physics to predict patterns of sediment transport ... - Read More

High performance, lightweight supercapacitor electrodes of the future

As a novel energy storage device supercapacitors have attracted substantial attention in recent years due to their ultra high charge and discharge rate excellent stability long cycle life and very high power density Imagine charging ... - Read More

New formula for identifying suitable graphene substrate

Physicists from Forschungszentrum Jülich have developed a criterion with which scientists can seek suitable substrate materials for graphene in a targeted way Interactions with the substrate material often lead to a loss of the amazing ... - Read More

Process for improving durability of glass identified

Researchers at the UCLA Henry Samueli School of Engineering and Applied Science and the Université Pierre et Marie Curie in Paris have identified a method for manufacturing longer lasting and stronger forms of glass The ... - Read More

Researchers snap-shot fastest observations of superconductivity yet

An international team of researchers has used infinitely short light pulses to observe ultrafast changes in the electron level properties of superconductors setting a new standard for temporal resolution in the field The scientists from ... - Read More

Squeezing out new science from material interfaces

With more than five times the thermal conductivity of copper diamond is the ultimate heat spreader But the slow rate of heat flow into diamond from other materials limits its use in practice In particular ... - Read More

Longer life cycle for lithium-ion batteries?

Lithium ion batteries are common in consumer electronics They are one of the most popular types of rechargeable batteries for portable electronics with a high energy density no memory effect and only a slow loss ... - Read More

2D nitrogenated crystals new potential rival for graphene

Researchers in South Korea have for the first time developed a simple technique to produce a two dimensional nitrogen containing crystal that has the capacity to be a potential rival to graphene and silicon as ... - Read More

Toward Methuselah: Long-living lighting devices

Researchers at the Universities of Basel and Valencia have reported important advances in the development of next generation lighting technologies in the journal Chemical Science Lighting technology is in a state of change The old ... - Read More

Secrets of surfaces' wrinkling, folding, creasing and delaminating are unraveled

The process of wrinkle formation is familiar to anyone who has ever sat in a bathtub a little too long But exactly why layered materials sometimes form one kind of wrinkly pattern or another or ... - Read More

Electrons in slow motion

At the origin of the properties of high temperature superconductors lies a phenomenon that is too fast to be observed experimentally with conventional methods A team of scientists from different research centres including the Milan ... - Read More

One step closer to artificial photosynthesis and 'solar fuels'

Caltech scientists inspired by a chemical process found in leaves have developed an electrically conductive film that could help pave the way for devices capable of harnessing sunlight to split water into hydrogen fuel When ... - Read More

Ultrathin polymer insulators key to low-power soft electronics

A group of researchers at the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology KAIST developed a high performance ultrathin polymeric insulator for field effect transistors FETs The researchers used vaporized monomers to form polymeric films ... - Read More

Understanding why a material's behavior changes as it gets smaller

To fully understand how nanomaterials behave one must also understand the atomic scale deformation mechanisms that determine their structure and therefore their strength and function Researchers at the University of Pittsburgh Drexel University and Georgia ... - Read More

Graphene meets heat waves

In the race to miniaturize electronic components researchers are challenged with a major problem the smaller or the faster your device the more challenging it is to cool it down One solution to improve the ... - Read More

New flexible films for touch screen applications achieve longer lasting display

Today touch screens are everywhere from smart phones and tablets to computer monitors to interactive digital signage and displays Many touch screens are made of layered thin billionths of a meter thick films of indium ... - Read More

Chemists develop new way to make cost-effective material for electricity storage

University of British Columbia researchers have found a new way to make state of the art materials for energy storage using a cheap lamp from the hardware store The researchers wanted to find a better ... - Read More

Fluid-filled pores separate materials with fine precision

In nature pores can continuously control how a living organism absorbs or excretes fluids vapors and solids in response to its environment for example tiny holes invisible to the naked eye called stomata cover a ... - Read More
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