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News articles about "Material"

Method for detecting extremely rare inert gas isotopes for water dating

In the earth and environmental sciences radioactive isotopes atom variants that decay over time play a major role in age determination A radioactive isotope of the inert gas argon 39Ar for example is used to ... - Read More

Discarded cigarette ashes could go to good use -- removing arsenic from water

Arsenic a well known poison can be taken out of drinking water using sophisticated treatment methods But in places that lack the equipment or technical know how required to remove it it still laces drinking ... - Read More

A new piece in the high-temperature superconductivity puzzle: 'Dressing' in superconductors

The physical mechanism that generates superconductivity in materials at high critical temperature like cuprates which appear to be among the most promising materials for technological applications remains a mystery So far experimental observations haven't clarified ... - Read More

Precision printing: Unique capabilities of 3-D printing revealed

Researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated an additive manufacturing method to control the structure and properties of metal components with precision unmatched by conventional manufacturing processes Ryan Dehoff staff ... - Read More

Key moment mapped in assembly of DNA-splitting molecular machine

The proteins that drive DNA replication the force behind cellular growth and reproduction are some of the most complex machines on Earth The multistep replication process involves hundreds of atomic scale moving parts that rapidly ... - Read More

A brighter design emerges for low-cost, 'greener' LED light bulbs

The phase out of traditional incandescent bulbs in the U S and elsewhere as well as a growing interest in energy efficiency has given LED lighting a sales boost However that trend could be short ... - Read More

Electric vehicle technology packs more punch in smaller package

Using 3 D printing and novel semiconductors researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have created a power inverter that could make electric vehicles lighter more powerful and more efficient At the ... - Read More

Beyond LEDs: Brighter, new energy-saving flat panel lights based on carbon nanotubes

Even as the 2014 Nobel Prize in Physics has enshrined light emitting diodes LEDs as the single most significant and disruptive energy efficient lighting solution of today scientists around the world continue unabated to search ... - Read More

Unique catalysts for hydrogen fuel cells synthesized in ordinary kitchen microwave oven

Swedish and Chinese researchers show how a unique nano alloy composed of palladium nano islands embedded in tungsten nanoparticles creates a new type of catalysts for highly efficient oxygen reduction the most important reaction in ... - Read More

Scientists create new protein-based material with some nerve

Scientists at the University of California Berkeley have taken proteins from nerve cells and used them to create a smart material that is extremely sensitive to its environment This marriage of materials science and biology ... - Read More

Bioinspired coating for medical devices repels blood, bacteria

From joint replacements to cardiac implants and dialysis machines medical devices enhance or save lives on a daily basis However any device implanted in the body or in contact with flowing blood faces two critical ... - Read More

Variable glass coatings to stop condensation on windows

Thin film coatings impart new properties to glass in applications as diverse as window glazing solar cells and touchscreens With the Megatron® sputtering system it is now possible for the first time to vary the ... - Read More

Magnetic superconductor: Strange bedfellows

Chemists at Ludwig Maximilias Universitaet LMU in Munich have synthesized a ferromagnetic superconducting compound that is amenable to chemical modification opening the route to detailed studies of this rare combination of physical properties Superconductivity and ... - Read More

Urine of tiny migrating marine animals affects ocean chemistry

The largest migration on the planet is the movement of small animals from the surface of the open ocean where they feed on plants under cover of darkness to the sunless depths where they hide ... - Read More

More efficient transformer materials

Almost every electronic device contains a transformer An important material used in their construction is electrical steel Researchers have found a way to improve the performance of electrical steel and manufacture it more efficiently using ... - Read More

Electrically conductive plastics promising for batteries, transparent solar cells

An emerging class of electrically conductive plastics called radical polymers may bring low cost transparent solar cells flexible and lightweight batteries and ultrathin antistatic coatings for consumer electronics and aircraft Researchers have established the solid ... - Read More

DNA nano-foundries cast custom-shaped metal nanoparticles

Researchers at the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University have unveiled a new method to form tiny 3D metal nanoparticles in prescribed shapes and dimensions using DNA Nature's building block as a ... - Read More

Mineralization of sand particles boosts microbial water filtration

Mineral coatings on sand particles actually encourage microbial activity in the rapid sand filters that are used to treat groundwater for drinking according to a paper published ahead of print in Applied and Environmental Microbiology ... - Read More

A cost-effective and energy-efficient approach to carbon capture

Carbon capture is a process by which waste carbon dioxide CO2 released by factories and power plants is collected and stored away in order to reduce global carbon emissions There are two major ways of ... - Read More

Of bio-hairpins and polymer-spaghetti: Spotlight on how entangled polymers flow and soften

When a basically sturdy material becomes soft and spongy one usually suspects that it has been damaged in some way But this is not always the case especially when it comes to complex fluids and ... - Read More
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