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News articles about "Material"

Snails signal a humid Mediterranean

An international team of researchers has shown that old wives' tales that snails can tell us about the weather should not be dismissed too hastily Share This See Also Marine Biology Nature Biology Weather Global ... - Read More

Deforestation triggers carbon collapse of tropical peatlands

Deforested tropical peatlands are haemorrhaging carbon from deep within their peat soils with consequences for the release of carbon dioxide to the atmosphere according to new research by The Open University and partners published January ... - Read More

Mechanism behind wear at atomic scale

Atomic, Wear
Wear is a fact of life As surfaces rub against one another they break down and lose their original shape With less material to start with and functionality that often depends critically on shape and ... - Read More

Safer way to vaccinate? Polymer film that gradually releases DNA coding for viral proteins may beat traditional vaccines

DNA, Proteins, DNA, DNA, DNA, DNA, DNA, Proteins
Vaccines usually consist of inactivated viruses that prompt the immune system to remember the invader and launch a strong defense if it later encounters the real thing However this approach can be too risky with ... - Read More

Bugs in the Atmosphere: Significant microorganism populations found in middle and upper troposphere

Microorganism
In what is believed to be the first study of its kind researchers used genomic techniques to document the presence of significant numbers of living microorganisms principally bacteria in the middle and upper troposphere that ... - Read More

A Material That Most Liquids Won't Wet

chemicals used in refrigerators and air conditioners In Tuteja's lab in a demonstration the surface repelled coffee soy sauce and vegetable oil as well as toxic hydrochloric and sulfuric acids that could burn skin Tuteja ... - Read More

Bioinspired fibers change color when stretched

Engineering
A team of materials scientists at Harvard University and the University of Exeter UK have invented a new fiber that changes color when stretched Inspired by nature the researchers identified and replicated the unique structural ... - Read More

Liquid metal makes silicon crystals at record low temperatures

American Chemical Society
A new way of making crystalline silicon developed by U M researchers could make this crucial ingredient of computers and solar cells much cheaper and greener Share This See Also Graphene Inorganic Chemistry Spintronics Electronics ... - Read More

Organic ferroelectric molecule shows promise for memory chips, sensors

Dielectric constant
At the heart of computing are tiny crystals that transmit and store digital information's ones and zeroes Today these are hard and brittle materials But cheap flexible nontoxic organic molecules may play a role in ... - Read More

Research paves way for larger, safer lithium ion batteries

Material
Looking toward improved batteries for charging electric cars and storing energy from renewable but intermittent solar and wind scientists at Oak Ridge National Laboratory have developed the first high performance nanostructured solid electrolyte for more ... - Read More

More efficient way to make popular prescription medication

In a demonstration of the power of green chemistry scientists are reporting development of a new and more efficient process for making one of the most costly and widely used medications for severe mental illness ... - Read More

Putting the squeeze on cells: By deforming cells, researchers can deliver RNA, proteins and nanoparticles for many applications

Proteins, Nanoparticles, RNA, RNA, RNA, RNA, RNA, Proteins, Applications
Living cells are surrounded by a membrane that tightly regulates what gets in and out of the cell This barrier is necessary for cells to control their internal environment but it makes it more difficult ... - Read More

Health and environment: A closer look at plastics

Environment
Plastics have transformed modern society providing attractive benefits but also befouling waterways and aquifers depleting petroleum supplies and disrupting human health Share This See Also Health Policy Teen Health Materials Science Inorganic Chemistry Environmental Issues ... - Read More

Self-assembling silica microwires may herald new generation of integrated optical devices

Silica
Silica microwires are the tiny and as yet underutilized cousins of optical fibers If precisely manufactured however these hair like slivers of silica could enable applications and technology not currently possible with comparatively bulky optical ... - Read More

New 2-D material for next generation high-speed electronics

Material, Electronics, Electronics
Scientists at CSIRO and RMIT University have produced a new two dimensional material that could revolutionise the electronics market making nano more than just a marketing term Share This See Also Materials Science Spintronics Graphene ... - Read More

Did an 8th century gamma ray burst irradiate Earth?

Gamma ray
A nearby short duration gamma ray burst may be the cause of an intense blast of high energy radiation that hit the Earth in the 8th century according to new research led by astronomers Valeri ... - Read More

Bio-tiles and heat-resistant biopolymers

Heat, Biopolymers
Even tiles can be organic if they are made of renewable raw materials They are more resource efficient than their ceramic counterparts and unlock new creative options for design Bioplastics made of polylactides PLA are ... - Read More

New information on binding gold particles over metal oxide surfaces

Metal oxide
The strong binding of gold on electronically modified calcium oxide can now be understood in detail In a computational study researchers Jenni Andersin Janne Nevalaita Karoliina Honkala and Hannu Häkkinen at the University of Jyväskylä ... - Read More

Ultra-small devices for energy-efficient electronics

Electronics, Electronics, Energy, Energy, Energy
A team of scientists from Tyndall National Institute at University College Cork and the National University of Singapore have designed and fabricated ultra small devices for energy efficient electronics By finding out how molecules behave in ... - Read More

New material for warm-white LED lights

Material
Light emitting diodes more commonly called LEDs are known for their energy efficiency and durability but the bluish cold light of current white LEDs has precluded their widespread use for indoor lighting Share This See ... - Read More
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