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All About Chemistry... 2011 and beyond

News articles about "Material"

Life on Earth shockingly comes from out of this world

Earth, earth
Early Earth was not very hospitable when it came to jump starting life In fact new research shows that life on Earth may have come from out of this world Lawrence Livermore scientist Nir Goldman ... - Read More

Giant planets offer help in faster research on material surfaces

Planets
New fast and accurate algorithm from the Institute of Physical Chemistry of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Warsaw based on the mathematical formalism used to model processes accompanying interaction of light with gas planet ... - Read More

Scientists create novel silicon electrodes that improve lithium-ion batteries

Lithium, Lithium-ion, Lithium-ion batteries, Silicon
Stanford University scientists have dramatically improved the performance of lithium ion batteries by creating novel electrodes made of silicon and conducting polymer hydrogel a spongy material similar to that used in contact lenses and other ... - Read More

Catalyst could jump-start e-cars, green energy

Catalyst, Green
Los Alamos National Laboratory scientists have designed a new type of nanostructured carbon based catalyst that could pave the way for reliable economical next generation batteries and alkaline fuel cells providing for practical use of ... - Read More

Bringing cheaper, 'greener' lighting to market with inkjet-printed hybrid quantum dot LEDs

Quantum, Quantum
It's not easy going green For home lighting applications organic light emitting diodes OLEDs hold the promise of being both environmentally friendly and versatile Though not as efficient as regular light emitting diodes LEDs they ... - Read More

Metamaterials: Leading light waves astray

The development of structured synthetic materials with unusual electromagnetic properties so called metamaterials promises to provide access to special physical effects of great technological interest Metamaterials have already been fabricated that have a negative refractive ... - Read More

Organic chemistry: Leading light waves astray

The development of structured synthetic materials with unusual electromagnetic properties so called metamaterials promises to provide access to special physical effects of great technological interest Metamaterials have already been fabricated that have a negative refractive ... - Read More

Method for recycling plastic with printed ink developed

Plastic, Plastic
Researchers at the University of Alicante have developed a procedure that removes printed ink on plastic films used in flexible packaging getting a product free from ink and suitable for recycling This new technology developed ... - Read More

Dense hydrogen in a new light

Hydrogen is the most abundant element in the universe The way it responds under extreme pressures and temperatures is crucial to our understanding of matter and the nature of hydrogen rich planets New work from ... - Read More

Molecular switch for cheaper biofuel

Molecular, molecular
Lignocellulosic waste such as sawdust or straw can be used to produce biofuel but only if the long cellulose and xylan chains can be successfully broken down into smaller sugar molecules To do this fungi ... - Read More

Dairy's carbon footprint: Flatulence tops the list

Carbon, carbon
Researchers at the University of Arkansas are attempting to help the U S dairy industry decrease its carbon footprint as concentrations of carbon dioxide in Earth's atmosphere reach record levels In 2007 Americans consumed approximately ... - Read More

Printing innovations provide 10-fold improvement in organic electronics

Organic, organic, Organic
Through innovations to a printing process researchers have made major improvements to organic electronics a technology in demand for lightweight low cost solar cells flexible electronic displays and tiny sensors The printing method is fast ... - Read More

Even with defects, graphene is strongest material in the world

Material, Material
In a new study published in Science Columbia Engineering researchers demonstrate that graphene even if stitched together from many small crystalline grains is almost as strong as graphene in its perfect crystalline form This work ... - Read More

Rabbit wears contact lenses with light-emitting diode: New class of transparent, stretchable electrodes

Diode
Ulsan National Institute of Science & amp Technology UNIST has demonstrated that a live rabbit could wear contact lenses fitted with inorganic light emitting diode with no side effects This new class of hybrid transparent ... - Read More

Discovery by physicists furthers understanding of superconductivity: Experiments show Zhang-Rice singlet state in different class of materials

Physicists at the University of Arkansas have collaborated with scientists in the United States and Asia to discover that a crucial ingredient of high temperature superconductivity could be found in an entirely different class of ... - Read More

Klein tunneling: Coupled particles cross energy wall

Energy, Energy, Energy, energy, energy
Model demonstrates that it is possible for two particles to cross an energy barrier together where a single particle could not For the first time a new kind of so called Klein tunnelling representing the ... - Read More

Paper could be basis for inexpensive diagnostic devices

Cellulose
Paper is known for its ability to absorb liquids making it ideal for products such as paper towels But by modifying the underlying network of cellulose fibers etching off surface fluff and applying a thin ... - Read More

Charge your mobile phone with formic acid?

Acid
Surprisingly the answer is yes With the technology of today it is possible to use environmental friendly formic acid in fuel cell powering your mobile phone or laptop Physicist Florian Nitze Umeå University in Sweden ... - Read More

Brittle material toughened: Tungsten-fiber-reinforced tungsten

Material, Material
Tungsten is particularly suitable as material for highly stressed parts of the vessel enclosing a hot fusion plasma it being the metal with the highest melting point A disadvantage however is its brittleness which under ... - Read More

Shape-shifting nanoparticles flip from sphere to net in response to tumor signal

tumor
Scientists at the University of California San Diego have designed tiny spherical particles to float easily through the bloodstream after injection then assemble into a durable scaffold within diseased tissue An enzyme produced by a ... - Read More
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