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News articles about "Material"

Making synthetic materials more impervious: fewer plastic substances in food

Synthetic materials are convenient in many respects but they have one disadvantage they are permeable to gases In order to make plastic more impervious Ruhr Universität engineers apply wafer thin layers on surfaces This would ... - Read More

Bamboo bike recharges mobile devices, external batteries by peddling

Bambootec consortium from Yucatán state in the south of Mexico designed a bamboo bicycle that transforms the kinetic energy generated by pedaling into a source of electricity that has the ability to simultaneously recharge mobile ... - Read More

Nanowire clothing could keep people warm, without heating everything else

To stay warm when temperatures drop outside we heat our indoor spaces even when no one is in them But scientists have now developed a novel nanowire coating for clothes that can both generate heat ... - Read More

Responsive material could be the 'golden ticket' of sensing

Researchers from the University of Cambridge have developed a new self assembled material which by changing its shape can amplify small variations in temperature and concentration of biomolecules making them easier to detect The material ... - Read More

Moving origami techniques forward for self-folding 3-D structures

Though the past 15 years have seen an exciting run of creative scientific advances in fabricating three dimensional 3D structures by self folding of 2D sheets the complexity of structures achieved to date falls far ... - Read More

Shedding light on why blue LEDS are so tricky to make

Scientists at UCL in collaboration with groups at the University of Bath and the Daresbury Laboratory have uncovered the mystery of why blue light emitting diodes LEDs are so difficult to make by revealing the ... - Read More

Cheap asphalt provides 'green' carbon capture

The best material to keep carbon dioxide from natural gas wells from fouling the atmosphere may be a derivative of asphalt according to Rice University scientists The Rice laboratory of chemist James Tour followed up ... - Read More

Compact batteries enhanced by spontaneous silver matrix formations

In a promising lithium based battery the formation of a highly conductive silver matrix transforms a material otherwise plagued by low conductivity To optimize these multi metallic batteries and enhance the flow of electricity scientists ... - Read More

A repulsive material: New hydrogel dominated by electrostatic repulsion

In a world first achievement published in Nature scientists from the RIKEN Center for Emergent Matter Science in Japan along with colleagues from the National Institute of Material Science and the University of Tokyo have ... - Read More

Microscopy reveals how atom-high steps impede oxidation of metal surfaces

Rust never sleeps Whether a reference to the 1979 Neil Young album or a product designed to protect metal surfaces the phrase invokes the idea that corrosion from oxidation the more general chemical name for ... - Read More

Glimpsing pathway of sunlight to electricity

Four pulses of laser light on nanoparticle photocells in a University of Oregon spectroscopy experiment has opened a window on how captured sunlight can be converted into electricity The work which potentially could inspire devices ... - Read More

A weld of difference: Higher welding speed improves the quality of welds between dissimilar alloys

Simple changes in technique can yield big improvements say A*STAR researchers investigating how welding speed and the placement of materials affect the quality of welds between dissimilar alloys They discovered that the tensile strength increases ... - Read More

Instant-start computers possible with new breakthrough

To encode data today's computer memory technology uses electric currents a major limiting factor for reliability and shrinkability and the source of significant power consumption If data could instead be encoded without current for example ... - Read More

A gold catalyst for clear water: Mixed nanoparticle systems may help purify water and generate hydrogen

Improved photocatalyst microparticles containing gold nanoparticles can be used to purify water A new catalyst could have dramatic environmental benefits if it can live up to its potential suggests research from Singapore A*STAR researchers have ... - Read More

Ultrasounds dance the 'moonwalk' in new metamaterial

Metamaterials have extraordinary properties when it comes to diverting and controlling waves especially sound and light for instance they can make an object invisible or increase the resolving power of a lens Now researchers at ... - Read More

How electrons split: New evidence of exotic behaviors

Electrons may be seen as small magnets that also carry a negative electrical charge On a fundamental level these two properties are indivisible However in certain materials where the electrons are constrained in a quasi ... - Read More

Atom-thick CCD could capture images

An atomically thin material developed at Rice University may lead to the thinnest ever imaging platform Synthetic two dimensional materials based on metal chalcogenide compounds could be the basis for superthin devices according to Rice ... - Read More

Graphene 'cut and paste' with microwaves

Scientists in Russian Academy of Sciences Moscow have revealed a variety of transformations taking place on carbon surface under the influence of metal nanoparticles and microwaves Graphene cut and paste with metal nanoparticles was carried ... - Read More

Mysteries of 'molecular machines' revealed: Phenix software uses X-ray diffraction spots to produce 3-D image

Scientists are making it easier for pharmaceutical companies and researchers to see the detailed inner workings of molecular machines 'Inside each cell in our bodies and inside every bacterium and virus are tiny but complex ... - Read More

NASA Goddard instrument makes first detection of organic matter on Mars

The team responsible for the Sample Analysis at Mars SAM instrument suite on NASA's Curiosity rover has made the first definitive detection of organic molecules at Mars Organic molecules are the building blocks of all ... - Read More
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