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News articles about "Material"

New kind of ultraviolet LED could lead to portable, low-cost devices

Ultraviolet, Ultraviolet, Ultraviolet
Commercial uses for ultraviolet UV light are growing and now a new kind of LED under development at The Ohio State University could lead to more portable and low cost uses of the technology The ... - Read More

General in the Solar Army to High School and College Students: 'We Are Recruiting'

High school and college students got a recruiting call today to join the Solar Army and help solve one of the 21st century's greatest scientific challenges finding the dirt cheap ingredients that would make sunlight ... - Read More

Motorized microscopic matchsticks move in water with sense of direction

Water, Water, Water
Chemists physicists and computer scientists at the University of Warwick have come together to devise a new powerful and very versatile way of controlling the speed and direction of motion of microscopic structures in water ... - Read More

State E-Waste Disposal Bans Have Been Largely Ineffective

are topics that have received much attention in both the media and research community While the environmental footprint of IT devices is indeed significant a singular focus on their direct impacts ignores the indirect environmental ... - Read More

Panda Poop Microbes Could Make Biofuels of the Future -- an Update

that’s why we focused on the microbes in the giant panda ” Working with scientists at the University of Wisconsin Madison Brown’s team identified bacteria that break down lignocellulose into simple sugars which can be ... - Read More

Edible Coatings for Ready-to-Eat Fresh Fruits and Vegetables

refrigerated packaged apple slices that last 2 3 weeks without turning brown or losing crispness Apples ordinarily begin to turn brown within 30 minutes after cutting or peeling Pavlath’s process involves treating freshly cut apple ... - Read More

Programmable glue made of DNA directs tiny gel bricks to self-assemble

Gel
A team of researchers at the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University has found a way to self assemble complex structures out of bricks smaller than a grain of salt The self ... - Read More

Genome of elastomeric materials creates novel materials

Materials, materials
A wide range of biologically inspired materials may now be possible by combining protein studies materials science and RNA sequencing according to an international team of researchers Biological methods of synthesizing materials are not new ... - Read More

Scientists demonstrate new method for harvesting energy from light

Light, Light
Researchers from the University of Pennsylvania have demonstrated a new mechanism for extracting energy from light a finding that could improve technologies for generating electricity from solar energy and lead to more efficient optoelectronic devices ... - Read More

The Chemistry Behind the Character of Bourbon, Scotch and Rye

oat and millet are added to the barrels Then additional factors of temperature humidity and air pressure come into play affecting how deeply the spirits seep into the wood and interact with its sugars tannins ... - Read More

Shining a little light changes metal into semiconductor

Light, Light
By blending their expertise two materials science engineers at Washington University in St Louis changed the electronic properties of new class of materials just by exposing it to light This image shows how electrons in ... - Read More

Growing thin films of germanium

Thin films, Films
Researchers have developed a new technique to produce thin films of germanium crystals key components for next generation electronic devices such as advanced large scale integrated circuits and flexible electronics which are required for gadgets ... - Read More

Scientists use DNA to assemble a transistor from graphene

DNA, DNA, DNA, DNA, DNA, DNA
Graphene is a sheet of carbon atoms arrayed in a honeycomb pattern just a single atom thick It could be a better semiconductor than silicon if we could fashion it into ribbons 20 to 50 ... - Read More

Purple Sweet Potatoes Among 'New Naturals' for Food and Beverage Colors

exhibited potent antioxidant activities Degradation of chlorogenic acid quinic acid and caffeic acid upon heat treatment produced additional antioxidants in roasted coffees The results suggest that continuous ingestion of antioxidants by habitual coffee drinkers has ... - Read More

First Uses of New Solar Energy Technology: Killing Germs on Medical, Dental Instruments

go into a container of water Sunlight focused into the water quickly heats the nanoparticles which scientists are terming “nanoheaters ” A layer of steam forms on the nanoheaters and buoys them up to the ... - Read More

DNA 'cages' may aid drug delivery

Drug delivery
Nanoscale cages made from strands of DNA can encapsulate small molecule drugs and release them in response to a specific stimulus McGill University researchers report in a new study The research published online Sept 1 ... - Read More

New laser-based tool could dramatically improve the accuracy of brain tumor surgery

tumor
A new laser based technology may make brain tumor surgery much more accurate allowing surgeons to tell cancer tissue from normal brain at the microscopic level while they are operating and avoid leaving behind cells ... - Read More

Engineers make golden breakthrough to improve electronic devices

Engineering
A Kansas State University chemical engineer has discovered that a new member of the ultrathin materials family has great potential to improve electronic and thermal devices Vikas Berry William H Honstead professor of chemical engineering ... - Read More

Size matters as nanocrystals go through phases

Phases, nanocrystals
Understanding what happens to a material as it undergoes phase transformations changes from a solid to a liquid to a gas or a plasma is of fundamental scientific interest and critical for optimizing commercial applications ... - Read More

New sensor is almost as sensitive as a dog's nose

Light, Light
Scientists at ETH Zurich and the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory LLNL in California have developed an innovative sensor for surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy SERS Thanks to its unique surface properties at nanoscale the method can ... - Read More
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