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News articles about "Material"

Researchers engineer plant cell walls to boost sugar yields for biofuels

sugar
When blessed with a resource in overwhelming abundance it's generally a good idea to make valuable use of that resource Lignocellulosic biomass is the most abundant organic material on Earth For thousands of years it ... - Read More

Biological transistor enables computing within living cells

When Charles Babbage prototyped the first computing machine in the 19th century he imagined using mechanical gears and latches to control information ENIAC the first modern computer developed in the 1940s used vacuum tubes and ... - Read More

Even graphene has weak spots

Materials, materials
Graphene the single atom thick form of carbon has become famous for its extraordinary strength But less than perfect sheets of the material show unexpected weakness according to researchers at Rice University in Houston and ... - Read More

Stirred not mixed: How seawater turbulence affects marine food webs

marine, Marine
New research shows that ocean turbulence directly affects the ability of microscopic marine organisms to recycle organic material back into the food web Share This See Also Bacteria Extreme Survival Organic Pollution Oceanography Geochemistry Food ... - Read More

Materials: Magnetic mystery solved

Highly porous materials known as metal organic frameworks MOFs are showing promise as catalysts and drug delivery vehicles Some scientific sleuthing by A*STAR researchers could now help industry to exploit the magnetic properties of MOFs ... - Read More

New evidence ancient asteroid caused global firestorm on Earth

Earth, earth
A new look at conditions after a Manhattan sized asteroid slammed into a region of Mexico in the dinosaur days indicates the event could have triggered a global firestorm that would have burned every twig ... - Read More

New type of solar structure cools buildings in full sunlight

Sunlight, Structure, Structure, Sunlight
A Stanford team has designed an entirely new form of cooling panel that works even when the sun is shining Such a panel could vastly improve the daylight cooling of buildings cars and other structures ... - Read More

Imaging methodology reveals nano details not seen before: Understanding nanoparticles at atomic scale in 3-D could improve materials

Atomic, Nano
A team of scientists from the University of California Los Angeles UCLA and Northwestern University has produced 3 D images and videos of a tiny platinum nanoparticle at atomic resolution that reveal new details of ... - Read More

Engineers enable 'bulk' silicon to emit visible light for the first time

Time, Silicon
Electronic computing speeds are brushing up against limits imposed by the laws of physics Photonic computing where photons replace comparatively slow electrons in representing information could surpass those limitations but the components of such computers ... - Read More

Discovery may allow scientists to make fuel from carbon dioxide in the atmosphere

Fuel
Excess carbon dioxide in Earth's atmosphere created by the widespread burning of fossil fuels is the major driving force of global climate change and researchers the world over are looking for new ways to generate ... - Read More

Discovery may allow scientists to make fuel from CO2 in the atmosphere

Fuel
Excess carbon dioxide in Earth's atmosphere created by the widespread burning of fossil fuels is the major driving force of global climate change and researchers the world over are looking for new ways to generate ... - Read More

Super batteries? Hybrid ribbons a gift for powerful batteries

Lithium
Hybrid ribbons of vanadium oxide VO2 and graphene may accelerate the development of high power lithium ion batteries suitable for electric cars and other demanding applications Share This See Also Batteries Graphene Materials Science Spintronics ... - Read More

Glass-blowers at a nano scale

Glass, Nano
EPFL researchers are using the electrical properties of a scanning electron microscope to change the size of glass capillary tubes Their method has already been patented as it could pave the way to many novel ... - Read More

Scientists propose alternative method for the study of ions

Scientists at the Department of Physics of the University of Oulu have teamed up with scientists in France Russia and Japan to propose a new experimental method for researching positively charged ions The study In ... - Read More

Multi-purpose wonder can generate hydrogen, produce clean water and even provide energy

Water, Water, Water
A new wonder material can generate hydrogen produce clean water and even create energy Share This See Also Alternative Fuels Nature of Water Batteries Fuel Cells Nuclear Energy Energy Technology Metallurgy Metal Titanium Liquid nitrogen ... - Read More

Hydrogen fuel? Thin films of nickel and iron oxides yield efficient solar water-splitting catalyst

Iron oxides, Yield, Catalyst, Fuel, Thin films, Films
University of Oregon chemists say that ultra thin films of nickel and iron oxides made through a solution synthesis process are promising catalysts to combine with semiconductors to make devices that capture sunlight and convert ... - Read More

How organic magnets grow in a thin film

Development of organic single molecule magnets opens a great many of applications for magnetic materials and new memory technologies Organic magnets are lighter more flexible and less energy intensive in production than conventional magnets Share ... - Read More

Microalgae could be a profitable source of biodiesel

marine, Marine
Dinoflagellate microalgae could be used as a raw material to obtain biodiesel easily and profitably This is the conclusion of a study led by Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona UAB scientists in collaboration with the Spanish ... - Read More

Sustainable Development Goals must sustain people and planet, experts say

In the wake of last week's meetings at the UN on the definition of the Sustainable Development Goals SDGs a group of international scientists have published a call in the journal Nature today arguing for ... - Read More

Fantastic flash memory combines graphene and molybdenite

Flash
EPFL scientists have combined two materials with advantageous electronic properties graphene and molybdenite into a flash memory prototype that is very promising in terms of performance size flexibility and energy consumption Share This See Also ... - Read More
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