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News articles about "Material"

Team uses forest waste to develop cheaper, greener supercapacitors

Researchers report that wood biochar supercapacitors can produce as much power as today's activated carbon supercapacitors at a fraction of the cost and with environmentally friendly byproducts The report appears in the journal Electrochimica Acta ... - Read More

Learning how to convert heat directly into power: A thermoelectric materials emulator

Heat
Discovered in the 19th century thermoelectric materials have the remarkable property that heating them creates a small electrical current But enhancing this current to a level compatible with the needs of modern technologies has revealed ... - Read More

Bright, laser-based lighting devices

Laser, Laser
As a modern culture we crave artificial white lights the brighter the better and ideally using less energy than ever before To meet the ever escalating demand for more lighting in more places and to ... - Read More

Laser treatments yield smoother metal surfaces

Yield
Ever since the Bronze Age metals have been cast in different shapes for different applications Smooth surfaces that are resistant to corrosion are crucial for many of the present day uses of cast metals ranging ... - Read More

New multifunctional topological insulator material with combined superconductivity

Most materials show one function for example a material can be a metal a semiconductor or an insulator Metals such as copper are used as conducting wires with only low resistance and energy loss Superconductors ... - Read More

Water glides freely across 'nanodrapes' made from the world's thinnest material

Material, Material
Engineering researchers at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute have developed a new drape made from graphene the thinnest material known to science which can enhance the water resistant properties of materials with rough surfaces These nanodrapes are ... - Read More

Cell Powerhouses Shape Risk of Heart Disease

Released 9 26 2013 3 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom University of Alabama at Birmingham more news from this source Sep 27 2013 BIRMINGHAM Ala – Genes in mitochondria the “powerhouses” that turn sugar into energy ... - Read More

Tiny antennas let long light waves see in infrared

Light, Light
University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign researchers have developed arrays of tiny nano antennas that can enable sensing of molecules that resonate in the infrared IR spectrum The identification of molecules by sensing their unique ... - Read More

Harnessing the sun's energy with tiny particles

Sun
Engineers at Sandia National Laboratories along with partner institutions Georgia Tech Bucknell University King Saud University and the German Aerospace Center DLR are using a falling particle receiver to more efficiently convert the sun's energy ... - Read More

Creating electricity with caged atoms

Atoms, Atoms, Atoms
A lot of energy is wasted when machines turn hot unnecessarily heating up their environment Some of this thermal energy could be harvested using thermoelectric materials they create electric current when they are used to ... - Read More

Non-precious metal catalysts outperforming Pt-based one

Catalysts
Researchers from Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology UNIST Korea Institute of Energy Research KIER and Brookhaven National Laboratory have discovered a new family of non precious metal catalysts These catalysts exhibit better performance ... - Read More

Stretchable, foldable transparent electronic display created

Material, Material
Imagine an electronic display nearly as clear as a window or a curtain that illuminates a room or a smartphone screen that doubles in size stretching like rubber Now imagine all of these being made ... - Read More

New adsorbent is more effective and environmentally friendly for treating wastewater

A novel new adsorbent for removing emerging contaminants from wastewater that is more effective reusable and environmentally friendly has been developed by researchers in Temple University's Water and Environmental Technology WET Center The researchers used ... - Read More

Theory and formula to improve 'plastic' semiconductors developed

Semiconductors, Semiconductors, Plastic, Plastic
Anyone who's stuffed a smart phone in their back pocket would appreciate the convenience of electronic devices that could bend Flexible electronics could spawn new products clothing wired to cool or heat reading tablets that ... - Read More

Scientists develop artificial surfaces insects cannot stick to

Plant, plant
Beetles cockroaches and ants will have a harder time walking up the sides of buildings or air conditioners in the future thanks to the bio inspired anti adhesive surfaces Prof Dr Thomas Speck Dr Bettina ... - Read More

Study Could Help Improve Nuclear Waste Repositories

developed experiments with different clays focusing on their structural characteristics Past studies of iodide retention in clay concentrated on bentonite Wang’s team instead studied several different clays five with the same type of layered structure ... - Read More

Speedy chemical reaction captured in mid-stride

In synthetic chemistry making the best possible use of the needed ingredients is key to optimizing high quality production at the lowest possible cost The element rhodium is a powerful catalyst a driver of chemical ... - Read More

Spider silk coated with carbon nanotubes has multiple surprising uses

Carbon nanotubes
Eden Steven a physicist at Florida State University's MagLab facility discovered that simple methods can result in surprising and environmentally friendly high tech outcomes during his experiments with spider silk and carbon nanotubes the results ... - Read More

Unexpected interaction between ocean currents and bacteria may weaken ocean's ability to absorb carbon dioxide

Ocean, Ocean
For the first time researchers have successfully demonstrated an interaction between ocean currents and bacteria The unexpected interaction leads to the production of vast amounts of nitrogen gas in the Pacific Ocean This takes place ... - Read More

Pea-shooter for molecules: Molecules pass through nanotubes at size-dependent speeds

molecules
Like a pea going through a straw tiny molecules can pass through microscopic cylinders known as nanotubes This could potentially be used to select molecules according to size for example to purify water by allowing ... - Read More
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