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News articles about "Material"

Enhancing battery performance for portable electronics

Battery
The ever increasing market for portable electronic devices such as laptops cell phones and MP3 players has resulted in an equally heavy demand for secondary batteries more commonly known as rechargeable batteries Lithium ion Li ... - Read More

Amber provides new insights into the evolution of Earth's atmosphere: Low oxygen levels for dinosaurs

Oxygen
An international team of researchers led by Ralf Tappert University of Innsbruck reconstructed the composition of Earth's atmosphere of the last 220 million years by analyzing modern and fossil plant resins The results suggest that ... - Read More

Optimizing electronic correlations for superconductivity

The decadeslong effort to create practical superconductors moved a step forward with the discovery at Rice University that two distinctly different iron based compounds share common mechanisms for moving electrons Samples from two classes of ... - Read More

Scientists invent self-healing battery electrode

Battery
Researchers have made the first battery electrode that heals itself opening a new and potentially commercially viable path for making the next generation of lithium ion batteries for electric cars cell phones and other devices ... - Read More

Two for one in solar power: New process could revolutionize solar energy harvesting

Solar energy, Solar power
Solar cells offer the opportunity to harvest abundant renewable energy Although the highest energy light occurs in the ultraviolet and visible spectrum most solar energy is in the infrared There is a trade off in ... - Read More

Organic lights and solar cells straight from the printer

cells, cells
Flickering façades curved monitors flashing clothing fluorescent wallpaper flexible solar cells and all printable This is no make believe vision of the future it will soon be possible using a new printing process for organic ... - Read More

Spintronics: Nano magnets arise at 2-D boundaries

Magnets, Nano
When you squeeze atoms you don't get atom juice You get magnets According to a new theory by Rice University scientists imperfections in certain two dimensional materials create the conditions by which nanoscale magnetic fields ... - Read More

Tiny crystals could revolutionize structural biology studies

For structural biologists the first step in determining a protein's precise molecular structure is often the hardest coaxing the protein to grow into the orderly three dimensional crystals that are the starting material for most ... - Read More

Large graphene crystals with exceptional electrical properties created

Crystals, Properties
When it comes to the growth of graphene an ultrathin ultrastrong all carbon material it is survival of the fittest according to researchers at The University of Texas at Austin The team used surface oxygen ... - Read More

Could next new cancer drug come from Kentucky coal mines?

cancer, Coal
n their ongoing quest to develop the latest and most effective drugs for disease treatment researchers in the University of Kentucky's Center for Pharmaceutical Research and Innovation CPRI are looking deep as in deep underground ... - Read More

Tiny 'Lego' blocks build Janus nanotubes with potential for new drugs and water purification

Researchers have created tiny protein tubes named after the Roman god Janus which may offer a new way to accurately channel drugs into the body's cells Using a process which they liken to molecular Lego ... - Read More

Improving detection of radioactive material in nuclear waste water

As the Fukushima crisis continues to remind the world of the potential dangers of nuclear disposal and unforeseen accidents scientists are reporting progress toward a new way to detect the radioactive materials uranium and plutonium ... - Read More

Study uses neutron scattering, supercomputing to demystify forces at play in biofuel production

Scattering
Researchers studying more effective ways to convert woody plant matter into biofuels at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have identified fundamental forces that change plant structures during pretreatment processes used in the ... - Read More

Better batteries through biology? Modified viruses boost battery performance

Battery
MIT researchers have found a way to boost lithium air battery performance with the help of modified viruses Lithium air batteries have become a hot research area in recent years They hold the promise of ... - Read More

Evidence of 3.5-billion-year-old bacterial ecosystems found in Australia

Ecosystems
Reconstructing the rise of life during the period of Earth's history when it first evolved is challenging Earth's oldest sedimentary rocks are not only rare but also almost always altered by hydrothermal and tectonic activity ... - Read More

New paradigm for solar cell construction demonstrated

cell, cell
For solar panels wringing every drop of energy from as many photons as possible is imperative This goal has sent chemistry materials science and electronic engineering researchers on a quest to boost the energy absorption ... - Read More

Controlling liquid crystals: Another tool in the directed assembly toolkit

Crystals, Liquid crystals
An interdisciplinary team of University of Pennsylvania researchers has already developed a technique for controlling liquid crystals by means of physical templates and elastic energy rather than the electromagnetic fields that manipulate them in televisions ... - Read More

Methane-munching microorganisms meddle with metals

Metals, Microorganisms
On the continental margins where the seafloor drops hundreds of meters below the water's surface low temperatures and high pressure lock methane inside ice crystals Called methane hydrates these crystals are a potential energy source ... - Read More

Biosensor could help detect brain injuries during heart surgery

Protein, Protein, protein
Johns Hopkins engineers and cardiology experts have teamed up to develop a fingernail sized biosensor that could alert doctors when serious brain injury occurs during heart surgery By doing so the device could help doctors ... - Read More

Novel LEDs pave the way to cheaper displays

Light, Light
Researchers from the universities of Bonn and Regensburg have developed a novel type of organic light emitting diode OLED These lights are suitable for the design of particularly energy efficient cheap displays which find applications ... - Read More
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