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News articles about "Material"

More efficient transformer materials

Almost every electronic device contains a transformer An important material used in their construction is electrical steel Researchers have found a way to improve the performance of electrical steel and manufacture it more efficiently using ... - Read More

Electrically conductive plastics promising for batteries, transparent solar cells

An emerging class of electrically conductive plastics called radical polymers may bring low cost transparent solar cells flexible and lightweight batteries and ultrathin antistatic coatings for consumer electronics and aircraft Researchers have established the solid ... - Read More

DNA nano-foundries cast custom-shaped metal nanoparticles

Researchers at the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University have unveiled a new method to form tiny 3D metal nanoparticles in prescribed shapes and dimensions using DNA Nature's building block as a ... - Read More

Mineralization of sand particles boosts microbial water filtration

Mineral coatings on sand particles actually encourage microbial activity in the rapid sand filters that are used to treat groundwater for drinking according to a paper published ahead of print in Applied and Environmental Microbiology ... - Read More

A cost-effective and energy-efficient approach to carbon capture

Carbon capture is a process by which waste carbon dioxide CO2 released by factories and power plants is collected and stored away in order to reduce global carbon emissions There are two major ways of ... - Read More

Of bio-hairpins and polymer-spaghetti: Spotlight on how entangled polymers flow and soften

When a basically sturdy material becomes soft and spongy one usually suspects that it has been damaged in some way But this is not always the case especially when it comes to complex fluids and ... - Read More

Nanoparticles get a magnetic handle: Glowing nanoparticles can be manipulated using magnetic fields

A long sought goal of creating particles that can emit a colorful fluorescent glow in a biological environment and that could be precisely manipulated into position within living cells has been achieved by a team ... - Read More

Snakes and snake-like robots show how sidewinders conquer sandy slopes

The amazing ability of sidewinder snakes to quickly climb sandy slopes was once something biologists only vaguely understood and roboticists only dreamed of replicating By studying the snakes in a unique bed of inclined sand ... - Read More

Plasmonic Paper

at a level that the current incarnation of plasmonic paper can’t yet achieve “We expect this can be overcome by integrating biomimetic target recognition elements with plasmonic paper in the near future ” Tian said ... - Read More

Low-carbon energy future is clean, feasible

A future where electricity comes mostly from low carbon sources is not only feasible in terms of material demand but will significantly reduce air pollution a study published in the 6 October Proceedings of the ... - Read More

A quick look at electron-boson coupling: Researchers use ultrafast spectroscopy on many body effects

Imagine being able to tune the properties of a solid material just by flashing pulses of light on it for example turning an insulator into a superconductor That is just one potential payoff down the ... - Read More

New material steals oxygen from air

Researchers from the University of Southern Denmark have synthesized crystalline materials that can bind and store oxygen in high concentrations The stored oxygen can be released again when and where it is needed We do ... - Read More

All directions are not created equal for nanoscale heat sources

Thermal considerations are rapidly becoming one of the most serious design constraints in microelectronics especially on submicron scale lengths A study by researchers from the University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign has shown that standard ... - Read More

Nanotechnology: Fullerene spheres can be used to slide in the nanoworld

Nano machines around one billionth of a metre in size of the future will need tiny devices to reduce friction and make movement possible The C60 molecule also known as fullerene or buckyball seemed to ... - Read More

Crumpled graphene could power future stretchable electronics

When someone crumples a sheet of paper that usually means it's about to be thrown away But researchers have now found that crumpling a piece of graphene paper a material formed by bonding together layers ... - Read More

Improvements in fuel cell design

Fuel cells could possibly replace the batteries of mobile phones and laptop computers and the UPV EHU University of the Basque Country is looking at ways of enhancing their efficiency Researchers in the renewable energy ... - Read More

Continuous fabrication system for highly aligned polymer films provides method for tuning mechanical and thermal properties in bulk polymers

A team of researchers from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology MIT in Cambridge MA have demonstrated a novel automated fabrication process consisting of a three step sol gel extrusion structure freezing and drying and mechanical ... - Read More

Properties in nanocomposite oxide ceramics for reactor fuel

Nanocomposite oxide ceramics have potential uses as ferroelectrics fast ion conductors and nuclear fuels and for storing nuclear waste generating a great deal of scientific interest on the structure properties and applications of these blended ... - Read More

New material steals oxygen from the air: One spoonful absorbs all the oxygen in a room

Researchers from the University of Southern Denmark have synthesized crystalline materials that can bind and store oxygen in high concentrations Just one spoon of the substance is enough to absorb all the oxygen in a ... - Read More

How to make a 'perfect' solar absorber

The key to creating a material that would be ideal for converting solar energy to heat is tuning the material's spectrum of absorption just right It should absorb virtually all wavelengths of light that reach ... - Read More
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