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News articles about "Material"

Understanding the functioning of a new type of solar cell

Photovoltaic energy conversion offers one of the best means for the future of renewable energy in the world The efficiency of solar cells depends heavily upon the light absorbing materials they use Photovoltaic systems based ... - Read More

Engineering new properties on ultra-thin nanomaterials: Tool opens door for design of new phases of materials

Physicists have engineered novel magnetic and electronic phases in the ultra thin films of in a specific electronic magnetic material opening the door for researchers to design new classes of material for the next generation ... - Read More

Engineers create light-activated 'curtains'

Light, Light
Forget remote controlled curtains A new development by researchers at the University of California Berkeley could lead to curtains and other materials that move in response to light no batteries needed A research team led ... - Read More

Ultra-thin tool heating for injection molding

In future thin film heating will allow plastic parts to be produced with greatly improved surface quality Researchers have also found a way to make the whole process more energy efficient If you have ever ... - Read More

Solar-power device would use heat to enhance efficiency

Heat
A new approach to harvesting solar energy developed by MIT researchers could improve efficiency by using sunlight to heat a high temperature material whose infrared radiation would then be collected by a conventional photovoltaic cell ... - Read More

Improving the reliability of electronic devices by mitigating corrosive effects

A study of the thermodynamic properties of copper connections uncovers a route to improving the reliability of electronic devices One in five electronic device failures is a result of corrosion Bonds the metal connections that ... - Read More

Carbon dioxide tamed: Making this ubiquitous gas industrially useful

Using a copper catalyst to unite carbon dioxide with organic molecules under mild conditions could make this ubiquitous gas industrially useful Carbon dioxide has become notorious as a troublesome greenhouse gas produced by burning fossil ... - Read More

Energy storage in miniaturized capacitors may boost green energy technology

Energy, Energy, Energy, energy, energy
The capacitors of electronic circuits function something like batteries storing electrical charge that can be quickly dumped to power devices like camera flashes So called supercapacitors take the energy storing abilities of capacitors a step ... - Read More

'Standing on a comet': Rosetta mission will contribute to space weather research

A comet bound spacecraft that's been in sleep mode for more than two years is scheduled to wake up on the morning of Jan 20 beginning the home stretch of its decade long journey to ... - Read More

Carbon nanotube sponge shows improved water clean-up

A carbon nanotube sponge capable of soaking up water contaminants such as fertilisers pesticides and pharmaceuticals more than three times more efficiently than previous efforts has been presented in a new study published today The ... - Read More

Natural 3-D counterpart to graphene discovered: New form of quantum matter

Quantum, Matter, Quantum, Matter
The discovery of what is essentially a 3D version of graphene the 2D sheets of carbon through which electrons race at many times the speed at which they move through silicon promises exciting new things ... - Read More

Renewable Chemical Ready for Biofuels Scale-Up

Using a plant derived chemical University of Wisconsin Madison researchers have developed a process for creating a concentrated stream of sugars that’s ripe with possibility for biofuels “With the sugar platform you have possibilities ” ... - Read More

Acidification, predators pose double threat to oysters

The once booming now struggling Olympia oyster native to the West Coast could face a double threat from ocean acidification and invasive predators according to new research from the University of California Davis' Bodega Marine ... - Read More

Blazing car murder of 1930 investigated

Forensic
University of Leicester leads collaboration with Northumbria University Northamptonshire Police and The Royal London Hospital Museum in investigation of the Blazing Car Murder of 1930 A forensic team from the University of Leicester and Northumbria ... - Read More

Researchers harness sun's energy during day for use at night

Sun
Solar energy has long been used as a clean alternative to fossil fuels such as coal and oil but it could only be harnessed during the day when the sun's rays were strongest Now researchers ... - Read More

Molecular nano-spies to make light work of disease detection

A world of cloak and dagger pharmaceuticals has come a step closer with the development of stealth compounds programmed to spring into action when they receive the signal Researchers at the University of Nottingham's School ... - Read More

Understanding secondary light emission by plasmonic nanostructures may improve medical imaging

Light emission, Nanostructures, Medical
Plasmonic nanostructures are of great current interest as chemical sensors in vivo imaging agents and for photothermal therapeutics explained David G Cahill a Willett Professor and head of the Department of Materials Science and Engineering ... - Read More

Researchers invent 'sideways' approach to 2-D hybrid materials

Materials, materials
Researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the University of Tennessee Knoxville have pioneered a new technique for forming a two dimensional single atom sheet of two different materials with a ... - Read More

Modelling modules lead to higher-quality aluminium

The Norwegian project Modelling assisted Innovation for the Aluminium DC Casting Process MINAC has developed modelling tools that show the impact of even minute adjustments to the casting process on casthouse products The aluminium industry ... - Read More

Climate change: How does soil store carbon dioxide?

Carbon, Climate change, Carbon dioxide, Climate change, Carbon dioxide, Climate, climate, carbon
Previous studies have established that carbon binds to tiny mineral particles In this latest study published in Nature Communications researchers of the Technische Universität München TUM and the Helmholtz Zentrum München have shown that the ... - Read More
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