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News articles about "Material"

Better batteries through biology? Modified viruses boost battery performance

Battery
MIT researchers have found a way to boost lithium air battery performance with the help of modified viruses Lithium air batteries have become a hot research area in recent years They hold the promise of ... - Read More

Evidence of 3.5-billion-year-old bacterial ecosystems found in Australia

Ecosystems
Reconstructing the rise of life during the period of Earth's history when it first evolved is challenging Earth's oldest sedimentary rocks are not only rare but also almost always altered by hydrothermal and tectonic activity ... - Read More

New paradigm for solar cell construction demonstrated

cell, cell
For solar panels wringing every drop of energy from as many photons as possible is imperative This goal has sent chemistry materials science and electronic engineering researchers on a quest to boost the energy absorption ... - Read More

Controlling liquid crystals: Another tool in the directed assembly toolkit

Crystals, Liquid crystals
An interdisciplinary team of University of Pennsylvania researchers has already developed a technique for controlling liquid crystals by means of physical templates and elastic energy rather than the electromagnetic fields that manipulate them in televisions ... - Read More

Methane-munching microorganisms meddle with metals

Metals, Microorganisms
On the continental margins where the seafloor drops hundreds of meters below the water's surface low temperatures and high pressure lock methane inside ice crystals Called methane hydrates these crystals are a potential energy source ... - Read More

Biosensor could help detect brain injuries during heart surgery

Protein, Protein, protein
Johns Hopkins engineers and cardiology experts have teamed up to develop a fingernail sized biosensor that could alert doctors when serious brain injury occurs during heart surgery By doing so the device could help doctors ... - Read More

Novel LEDs pave the way to cheaper displays

Light, Light
Researchers from the universities of Bonn and Regensburg have developed a novel type of organic light emitting diode OLED These lights are suitable for the design of particularly energy efficient cheap displays which find applications ... - Read More

Build-a-nanoparticle

Nanoparticles which range from 1 100 nanometers in size are roughly the same size as biomolecules such as proteins antibodies and membrane receptors Because of this size similarity nanoparticles can mimic biomolecules and therefore have ... - Read More

The next big thing in the energy sector: Photovoltaic generated DC electricity

Energy, Energy, Energy, energy, energy
Energy consumption continues to grow The costs of generation and transmission of energy must come down for the increased consumption to be sustainable Energy must be generated without depleting resources without causing pollution and without ... - Read More

Diamond imperfections pave the way to technology gold

Diamond
From supersensitive detections of magnetic fields to quantum information processing the key to a number of highly promising advanced technologies may lie in one of the most common defects in diamonds Researchers at the Lawrence ... - Read More

New aluminum alloy stores hydrogen: Versatile, lightweight material opens the door to fuel cells of the future

Fuel, Fuel cells
We use aluminum to make planes lightweight store sodas in recyclable containers keep the walls of our homes energy efficient and ensure that the Thanksgiving turkey is cooked to perfection Now thanks to a group ... - Read More

Determining the quantum geometry of a crystal

Crystal
Physicists have succeeded in measuring geometric properties of energy bands in light crystals Geometrical phases occur in many places in nature One of the simplest examples is the Foucault pendulum a tall pendulum free to ... - Read More

Volume of nuclear waste could be reduced by 90 percent, says new research

The researchers from the University of Sheffield's Faculty of Engineering have shown that mixing plutonium contaminated waste with blast furnace slag and turning it into glass reduces its volume by 85 95 per cent It ... - Read More

Three-dimensional carbon goes metallic

Carbon, carbon
A theoretical three dimensional 3D form of carbon that is metallic under ambient temperature and pressure has been discovered by an international research team The findings which may significantly advance carbon science are published online ... - Read More

Carbon nanotube jungles created to better detect molecules

molecules, Carbon nanotube
Researchers from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory LLNL and the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology ETH in Zurich have developed a new method of using nanotubes to detect molecules at extremely low concentrations enabling trace detection ... - Read More

Tapping fungus to unlock energy: Crafting a better enzyme cocktail to turn plants into fuel faster

Fuel
Scientists looking to create a potent blend of enzymes to transform materials like corn stalks and wood chips into fuels have developed a test that should turbocharge their efforts The new research published in October ... - Read More

Designer piercings: New membrane pores with DNA nanotechnology

A new way to build membrane crossing pores using Lego like DNA building blocks has been developed by scientists at UCL in collaboration with colleagues at the University of Cambridge and the University of Southampton ... - Read More

Giant atom eats quantum gas

Gas
A team of experimental and theoretical physicists from the University of Stuttgart studied a single micrometer sized atom This atom contains tens of thousands of normal atoms in its electron orbital The interaction of electrons ... - Read More

Defective nanotubes turned into light emitters

Light, Light
UPV EHU University of the Basque Country researchers have developed and patented a new source of light emitter based on boron nitride nanotubes and suitable for developing high efficiency optoelectronic devices Scientists are usually after ... - Read More

Physicists take an atomic-level peek at unexpected behavior in multilayered structures

Atomic
A new class of materials developed at the University of Arkansas may influence the next generation of nano devices in which integrated circuits are composed of many layers of dissimilar materials such as ferromagnetic and ... - Read More
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