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All About Chemistry... 2011 and beyond

News articles about "Material"

New light shed on solar water-splitting process

Light, Light
With the help of a new method called dual electrode photoelectrochemistry University of Oregon scientists have provided new insight into how solar water splitting cells work An important and overlooked parameter they report is the ... - Read More

New simulatable model displaying exotic quantum phenomena

Quantum, Quantum
It is fascinating how quantum mechanical behavior of particles at smallest scales can give rise to strange properties that can be observed in the classical world One example is the Fractional Quantum Hall Effect FQH ... - Read More

From cellulose to textile fiber

Cellulose
Aalto University has developed an internationally significant new process for working wood cellulose into a textile fiber New solutions for using fiber based materials in textile processes attract global interest Cotton production cannot be increased ... - Read More

Polymer gel, heal thyself: Engineering team proposes new composites that can regenerate when damaged

Composites, Gel, Engineering, Polymer
When a chair leg breaks or a cell phone shatters either must be repaired or replaced But what if these materials could be programmed to regenerate themselves replenishing the damaged or missing components and thereby ... - Read More

Flexible, stretchable fire-ant rafts

Structure, Structure
What do Jell O toothpaste and floating fire ant rafts have in common All are so called viscoelastic materials meaning that they can both resist flow under stress like honey and they can bounce back ... - Read More

Making a gem of a tiny crystal: Slowly cooled DNA transforms disordered nanoparticles into orderly crystal

Crystal
Nature builds flawless diamonds sapphires and other gems Now a Northwestern University research team is the first to build near perfect single crystals out of nanoparticles and DNA using the same structure favored by nature ... - Read More

Copper promises cheaper, sturdier fuel cells

Fuel, Fuel cells
Copper adorns the Statue of Liberty makes sturdy affordable wiring and helps our bodies absorb iron Now researchers at Duke University would like to use copper to transform sunlight and water into a chemical fuel ... - Read More

Flashes of brilliance: Roots of superfluorescent bursts from quantum wells discovered

Quantum, Quantum
Spontaneous bursts of light from a solid block illuminate the unusual way interacting quantum particles behave when they are driven far from equilibrium The discovery by Rice University scientists of a way to trigger these ... - Read More

Steering electrons along chemical bonds

Chemical bonds, Chemical bonds
Electron motions induced by a strong electric field are mapped in space and time with the help of femtosecond x ray pulses An x ray movie of the crystal lithium hydride shows that the electric ... - Read More

Sticky Business: Magnetic Pollen Replicas Offer Multimodal Adhesion

Released 11 21 2013 4 00 PM ESTSource Newsroom Georgia Institute of Technology more news from this source Nov 27 2013 Researchers have created magnetic replicas of sunflower pollen grains using a wet chemical layer ... - Read More

Gentle pasteurization of milk – with microwaves

Microwaves, Milk
In the EU funded project MicroMilk European SMEs together with the University of Hohenheim and the Fraunhofer IGB have developed a novel method for pasteurization of milk with microwaves The system preserves the valuable components ... - Read More

Technique developed to convert thermoelectric material into high performance electricity

Material, Material
A team of Clemson University physicists consisting of nanomaterial scientists Apparao Rao and Ramakrishna Podila and thermoelectricians Terry Tritt Jian He and Pooja Puneet worked synergistically through the newly established Clemson Nanomaterials Center to develop ... - Read More

Graphene nanoribbons for 'reading' DNA: Researchers improve the nanopore-based technology for detecting DNA molecules

molecules
If we wanted to count the number of people in a crowd we could make on the fly estimates very likely to be imprecise or we could ask each person to pass through a turnstile ... - Read More

Enhancing battery performance for portable electronics

Battery
The ever increasing market for portable electronic devices such as laptops cell phones and MP3 players has resulted in an equally heavy demand for secondary batteries more commonly known as rechargeable batteries Lithium ion Li ... - Read More

Amber provides new insights into the evolution of Earth's atmosphere: Low oxygen levels for dinosaurs

Oxygen
An international team of researchers led by Ralf Tappert University of Innsbruck reconstructed the composition of Earth's atmosphere of the last 220 million years by analyzing modern and fossil plant resins The results suggest that ... - Read More

Optimizing electronic correlations for superconductivity

The decadeslong effort to create practical superconductors moved a step forward with the discovery at Rice University that two distinctly different iron based compounds share common mechanisms for moving electrons Samples from two classes of ... - Read More

Scientists invent self-healing battery electrode

Battery
Researchers have made the first battery electrode that heals itself opening a new and potentially commercially viable path for making the next generation of lithium ion batteries for electric cars cell phones and other devices ... - Read More

Two for one in solar power: New process could revolutionize solar energy harvesting

Solar energy, Solar power
Solar cells offer the opportunity to harvest abundant renewable energy Although the highest energy light occurs in the ultraviolet and visible spectrum most solar energy is in the infrared There is a trade off in ... - Read More

Organic lights and solar cells straight from the printer

cells, cells
Flickering façades curved monitors flashing clothing fluorescent wallpaper flexible solar cells and all printable This is no make believe vision of the future it will soon be possible using a new printing process for organic ... - Read More

Spintronics: Nano magnets arise at 2-D boundaries

Magnets, Nano
When you squeeze atoms you don't get atom juice You get magnets According to a new theory by Rice University scientists imperfections in certain two dimensional materials create the conditions by which nanoscale magnetic fields ... - Read More
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