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News articles about "Material"

Atomically thick metal membranes

For the first time researchers have shown that freestanding metal membranes consisting of a single layer of atoms can be stable under ambient conditions This result of an international research team from Germany Poland and ... - Read More

Nanoscale optical switch breaks miniaturization barrier

An ultra fast and ultra small optical switch has been invented that could advance the day when photons replace electrons in the innards of consumer products ranging from cell phones to automobiles The new optical ... - Read More

Scientists build thinnest-possible LEDs to be stronger, more energy efficient

Most modern electronics from flat screen TVs and smartphones to wearable technologies and computer monitors use tiny light emitting diodes or LEDs These LEDs are based off of semiconductors that emit light with the movement ... - Read More

Mapping behavior of charges in correlated spin-orbit coupled materials: Electronic disruption prods Mott insulator's conversion to metallic state

In a relatively recently discovered class of materials known as spin orbit Mott insulators theorists have predicted the emergence of new properties at points just beyond the insulating state when electronic manipulation can transform these ... - Read More

Two-dimensional material shows promise for optoelectronics: LEDs, photovoltaic cells, and light detectors

A team of MIT researchers has used a novel material that's just a few atoms thick to create devices that can harness or emit light This proof of concept could lead to ultrathin lightweight and ... - Read More

First animals oxygenated the ocean

The evolution of the first animals may have oxygenated the earth's oceans contrary to the traditional view that a rise in oxygen triggered their development New research led by the University of Exeter contests the ... - Read More

Effective thermal insulation with wood foam

Insulation materials of tomorrow must be both efficient and environmentally friendly Fraunhofer scientists are developing insulation foam made from wood that could re place petrochemical plastics in the long term Climate protection is now a ... - Read More

Promising news for producing fuels through artificial photosynthesis

There's promising news from the front on efforts to produce fuels through artificial photosynthesis A new study by Berkeley Lab researchers at the Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis JCAP shows that nearly 90 percent of ... - Read More

A new renewable energy source? Device captures energy from Earth's infrared emissions to outer space

When the sun sets on a remote desert outpost and solar panels shut down what energy source will provide power through the night A battery perhaps or an old diesel generator Perhaps something strange and ... - Read More

Engineering team increases power efficiency for future computer processors

Have you ever wondered why your laptop or smartphone feels warm when you're using it That heat is a byproduct of the microprocessors in your device using electric current to power computer processing functions and ... - Read More

It slices, it dices, and it protects the body from harm: 3-D structure of enzyme that helps defend against bacteria

An essential weapon in the body's fight against infection has come into sharper view Researchers at Princeton University have discovered the 3D structure of an enzyme that cuts to ribbons the genetic material of viruses ... - Read More

Extraordinary momentum and spin discovered in evanescent light waves

A team of researchers from the RIKEN Center for Emergent Matter Science CEMS in Japan has identified unexpected dynamic properties of a type of light wave called evanescent waves These surprising findings contrast sharply with ... - Read More

Recent advances in the controlled synthesis and functional applications of luminescent metal nanoclusters

In a paper published in Science and Technology of Advanced Materials researchers summarize recent advances in the controlled synthesis and application of luminescent metal nanoclusters including potential uses in sensors bioimaging and energy harvesting and ... - Read More

Colored diamonds are a superconductor's best friend

Flawed but colorful diamonds are among the most sensitive detectors of magnetic fields known today allowing physicists to explore the minuscule magnetic fields in metals exotic materials and even human tissue University of California Berkeley ... - Read More

Transparent, color solar cells fuse energy, beauty

Colorful see through solar cells invented at the University of Michigan could one day be used to make stained glass windows decorations and even shades that turn the sun's energy into electricity The cells believed ... - Read More

Solution to planet-clogging plastics? Fully compostable bioplastic made from shrimp shells used to make objects

Researchers at Harvard's Wyss Institute have developed a method to carry out large scale manufacturing of everyday objects from cell phones to food containers and toys using a fully degradable bioplastic isolated from shrimp shells ... - Read More

Bioinspired, sponge-like shrinking gel steers tooth, tissue formation

A bit of pressure from a new shrinking sponge like gel is all it takes to turn transplanted unspecialized cells into cells that lay down minerals and begin to form teeth The bioinspired gel material ... - Read More

First step towards 'programmable materials': Sheet metal that never rattles

Researchers from Empa and ETH Zurich have succeeded in producing a prototype of a vibration damping material that could change the world of mechanics forever The material of the future is not only able to ... - Read More

Sustainable Energy Is Focus of Plenary Talks at American Chemical Society Meeting

Advances in renewable and sustainable energy including mimicking photosynthesis and optimizing lithium ion batteries are the topics of three plenary talks at the 247th National Meeting & amp Exposition of the American Chemical Society ACS ... - Read More

Swiss Cheese Crystal, or High-Tech Sponge?

and the researchers attached a light responsive chemical group called a diarylethene to the organic component of their material Diarylethene is special because it houses a ring of atoms that is normally open but shuts ... - Read More
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