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News articles about "Material"

Salt under pressure is not NaCl

Salt, Pressure
In the very beginning of the school chemistry course we are told of NaCl as an archetypal ionic compound Being less electronegative sodium loses its electron to chlorine which following the octet rule thus acquires ... - Read More

Graphene sees the light: Sheets of carbon just one atom thick could be used in photovoltaic cells

Sheets of carbon just one atom thick could make effective transparent electrodes in certain types of photovoltaic cells Graphene a one atom thick sheet of carbon that is extremely strong and conducts electricity well is ... - Read More

SBU Team Discovers New Compounds that Challenge the Foundation of Chemistry

that even in well defined systems like sodium chloride you can find totally new chemistry and totally new and very exciting materials ” Oganov says “It’s like discovering a new continent now we need to ... - Read More

New material to enhance crop yield

Researchers at the UPM have developed a carbonaceous material from sewage sludge that when applied to soil can help to improve its quality The material is called biochar and was prepared and characterized by the ... - Read More

Global warming: Four degree rise will end vegetation 'carbon sink', research suggests

carbon, Global warming, Global warming, Carbon
Latest climate and biosphere modelling suggests that the length of time carbon remains in vegetation during the global carbon cycle known as 'residence time' is the key uncertainty in predicting how Earth's terrestrial plant life ... - Read More

Alzheimer substance may be the nanomaterial of tomorrow

Substance
Amyloid protein causes diseases like Alzheimer's Parkinson's and Creutzfeldt Jakob disease But amyloid also carries unique characteristics that may lead to the development of new composite materials for the nano processors and data storage of ... - Read More

Small size enhances charge transfer in quantum dots

Quantum dots
Quantum dots tiny semiconductor crystals with diameters measured in billionths of a meter have enormous potential for applications that make use of their ability to absorb or emit light and or electric charges Examples include ... - Read More

Graphene nanoribbons an ice-melting coat for radar

Ice
Ribbons of ultrathin graphene combined with polyurethane paint meant for cars is just right for deicing sensitive military radar domes according to scientists at Rice University The Rice lab of chemist James Tour in collaboration ... - Read More

Cellulose nanocrystals possible 'green' wonder material

Cellulose, Green, nanocrystals
The same tiny cellulose crystals that give trees and plants their high strength light weight and resilience have now been shown to have the stiffness of steel The nanocrystals might be used to create a ... - Read More

Golden trap: Highly sensitive system to detect individual molecules

System, molecules
Medical diagnostics is searching for substances capable of documenting early on whether a serious disease is developing or what its course will be In many cases the treacherous molecules are present only in trace amounts ... - Read More

Deep-sea corals record dramatic long-term shift in Pacific Ocean ecosystem

sea
Long lived deep sea corals preserve evidence of a major shift in the open Pacific Ocean ecosystem since around 1850 according to a study by researchers at the University of California Santa Cruz The findings ... - Read More

Low-power tunneling transistor for high-performance devices at low voltage

Applications
A new type of transistor that could make possible fast and low power computing devices for energy constrained applications such as smart sensor networks implantable medical electronics and ultra mobile computing is feasible according to ... - Read More

Researchers split water into hydrogen, oxygen using light, nanoparticles

Oxygen
Researchers from the University of Houston have found a catalyst that can quickly generate hydrogen from water using sunlight potentially creating a clean and renewable source of energy Their research published online Sunday in Nature ... - Read More

POPUP: Novel organic solar cells

cells, cells
Future solar cells will be light and mechanically flexible They will be produced at low costs with the help of printing processes POPUP the new BMBF funded research project aims at developing more efficient materials ... - Read More

A new material for solar panels could make them cheaper, more efficient

New material
A unique solar panel design made with a new ceramic material points the way to potentially providing sustainable power cheaper more efficiently and requiring less manufacturing time It also reaches a four decade old goal ... - Read More

Graphene-based nano-antennas may enable networks of tiny machines

Nano
Networks of nanometer scale machines offer exciting potential applications in medicine industry environmental protection and defense but until now there's been one very small problem the limited capability of nanoscale antennas fabricated from traditional metallic ... - Read More

Smashing science: Scientists discover how explosives respond to shockwaves

Science, Science
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory researchers have combined ultrafast time resolved experimental measurements with theory to reveal how an explosive responds to a high impact shock The work involved advances in both ultrafast experimental shock wave ... - Read More

Revolutionizing solar energy: Quantum waves found at the heart of organic solar cells

Solar energy
Researchers have been able to tune ‘coherence’ in organic nanostructures due to the surprise discovery of wavelike electrons in organic materials revealing the key to generating “long lived charges” in organic solar cells material that ... - Read More

Efficient removal of uranium, other heavy metals from water

A new and efficient method for the removal of uranium and other heavy metals from water has been developed at the University of Eastern Finland Chemec Ltd a Finnish chemicals industry company has purchased the ... - Read More

NASA Curiosity: First Mars age measurement and human exploration help

Mars, NASA
NASA's Curiosity rover is providing vital insight about Mars' past and current environments that will aid plans for future robotic and human missions In a little more than a year on the Red Planet the ... - Read More
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