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News articles about "Material"

Taking the lead out of a promising solar cell: Environmentally friendly solar cell pushes forward the 'next big thing in photovoltaics'

Northwestern University researchers are the first to develop a new solar cell with good efficiency that uses tin instead of lead perovskite as the harvester of light The low cost environmentally friendly solar cell can ... - Read More

Nature’s chemical diversity reflected in Swedish lakes

It's not only the biology of lakes that varies with the climate and other environmental factors it's also their chemistry More knowledge about this is needed to understand the ecology of lakes and their role ... - Read More

Story Tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, May 2014

Released 5 2 2014 2 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom Oak Ridge National Laboratory more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only May 4 2014 To arrange for an interview with ... - Read More

Approaching the island of stability: Observation of the superheavy element 117

The periodic table of the elements is to get crowded towards its heaviest members Evidence for the artificial creation of element 117 has recently been obtained at the GSI Helmholtz Centre for Heavy Ion Research ... - Read More

Probing dopant distribution: Opening the door to better doping of semiconductor nanocrystals

The icing on the cake for semiconductor nanocrystals that provide a non damped optoelectronic effect may exist as a layer of tin that segregates near the surface One method of altering the electrical properties of ... - Read More

Playing pool with carbon atoms: How to change the crystal structure of graphene

A University of Arizona led team of physicists has discovered how to change the crystal structure of graphene more commonly known as pencil 'lead' with an electric field an important step toward the possible use ... - Read More

Breaking up water: Controlling molecular vibrations to produce hydrogen

Natural gas methane can be converted into hydrogen H2 which is used in clean energy synthetic fertilizers and many other chemicals The reaction requires water and a nickel catalyst Methane and water molecules attach on ... - Read More

Solving a mystery of thermoelectrics: Analysis of phase-change materials

Materials that can be used for thermoelectric devices those that turn a temperature difference into an electric voltage have been known for decades But until now there has been no good explanation for why just ... - Read More

Graphene is only as strong as its weakest link: Experiments determine real-world limits of two-dimensional carbon

There is no disputing graphene is strong But new research by Rice University and the Georgia Institute of Technology should prompt manufacturers to look a little deeper as they consider the miracle material for applications ... - Read More

Fridges cooled by magnetism? Newly identified 'universal' property of metamagnets may lead to everyday uses

A new physics discovery made by a University of Virginia led team may lead to more efficient refrigerators heat pumps and airport scanners among many possible uses perhaps within a decade The team of physicists ... - Read More

Scientists track ripples in freestanding graphene for first time

An international team of scientists led by physicists at the University of Arkansas has tracked the dynamic movement of ripples in freestanding graphene at the atomic level This discovery advances the fundamental understanding of one ... - Read More

Bringing fiber optics to electronic components

Fiber optics increased the speed and quantity of information that can be transmitted through the Internet by transforming electrical signals into pulsating light The same can be done within laptops and other devices by using ... - Read More

Cheap, environmentally-friendly method for making transparent conductive films for laptops, smartphones, solar cells

Transparent conductive films are now an integral part of our everyday lives Whether in smartphones tablets laptops flat screens or on a larger scale in solar cells Yet they are expensive and complex to manufacture ... - Read More

New fluorescent hybrid material changes color according to direction of light

The UPV EHU's Molecular Spectroscopy Group in collaboration with the Institute of Catalysis and Petroleum Chemistry of the CSIC Spanish National Research Council has developed a highly fluorescent hybrid material that changes colour depending on ... - Read More

Label-free, sequence-specific, inexpensive fluorescent DNA sensors

Using principles of energy transfer more commonly applied to designing solar cells scientists at the U S Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have developed a new highly sensitive way to detect specific sequences of ... - Read More

Graphene very mobile in lakes: Risks of negative environmental impacts if released

In a first of its kind study of how a material some think could transform the electronics industry moves in water researchers at the University of California Riverside Bourns College of Engineering found graphene oxide ... - Read More

Water test for the world: Simple pill brings lab to water to test for contamination

Inspiration can come in many forms but this one truly was a breath of fresh air A group of McMaster researchers has solved the problem of cumbersome expensive and painfully slow water testing by turning ... - Read More

New record operation temperature for quantum-cascade lasers

For the observation of cold matter in the interstellar medium astronomers need instruments for the detection of terahertz radiation Specific high resolution instruments are based on terahertz quantum cascade lasers but operate only at cryogenic ... - Read More

Flexible battery, no lithium required: Lab creates thin-film battery for portable, wearable electronics

A Rice University laboratory has flexible portable and wearable electronics in its sights with the creation of a thin film for energy storage Rice chemist James Tour and his colleagues have developed a flexible material ... - Read More

Revolutionary 'metamaterial' has potential to reshape neurosurgery

The development of graphene a highly advanced metamaterial with many unique and varied properties may lead to exciting new applications in the diagnosis and treatment of neurological diseases according to a report in the May ... - Read More
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