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News articles about "Material"

Bacteria play an important role in long term storage of carbon in the ocean

The ocean is a large reservoir of dissolved organic molecules and many of these molecules are stable against microbial utilization for hundreds to thousands of years They contain a similar amount of carbon as compared ... - Read More

Thin transparent flexible screens: Roll up your screen and stow it away?

From smartphones and tablets to computer monitors and interactive TV screens electronic displays are everywhere As the demand for instant constant communication grows so too does the urgency for more convenient portable devices especially devices ... - Read More

Soft, energy-efficient robotic wings

Dielectric elastomers are novel materials for making actuators or motors with soft and lightweight properties that can undergo large active deformations with high energy conversion efficiencies This has made dielectric elastomers popular for creating devices ... - Read More

Skin tough: Why skin is resistant to tearing

When weighing the pluses and minuses of your skin add this to the plus column Your skin like that of all vertebrates is remarkably resistant to tearing Now a collaboration of researchers at the U ... - Read More

Virtual vehicle testing: Modeling tires realistically

Manufacturers conduct virtual tests on vehicle designs long before the first car rolls off the assembly line Simulation of the tires has remained a challenge however The software tool CDTire 3D from Fraunhofer researchers now ... - Read More

Novel coatings combine protection with color effects

New coloured protective coatings offer the same corrosion and wear protection as colourless coatings while their colouration opens new opportunities Red could for instance be used as a warning colour on surfaces which can get ... - Read More

Materials Genomics Initiative: Sequencing the DNA of things

The process of trial and error in scientific research is costly and time consuming And while scientific innovation and discovery is necessary to find solutions to some of society's largest challenges think clean energy national ... - Read More

High-precision radar for the steel industry

Steel is the most important material in vehicle and machinery construction Large quantities of offcuts and scraps are left over from rolling and milling crude steel into strip steel New radar from Fraunhofer researchers measures ... - Read More

Mira Supercomputer use to Peer Inside High-Temperature Superconductors

Researchers from the University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign UIUC are using supercomputing resources at the Argonne Leadership Computing Facility ALCF a DOE Office of Science User Facility to shed light on the mysterious nature ... - Read More

Light-emitting diode tech: Solving molybdenum disulfide's 'thin' problem

The promising new material molybdenum disulfide MoS2 has an inherent issue that's steeped in irony The material's greatest asset its monolayer thickness is also its biggest challenge Monolayer MoS2's ultra thin structure is strong lightweight ... - Read More

Nanofibers twisted together to create structures tougher than bullet proof vests

Researchers at the University of Texas at Dallas have created new structures that exploit the electromechanical properties of specific nanofibers to stretch to up to seven times their length while remaining tougher than Kevlar These ... - Read More

Using magnetic fields to understand high-temperature superconductivity

Taking our understanding of quantum matter to new levels scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory are exposing high temperature superconductors to very high magnetic fields changing the temperature at which the materials become perfectly conducting ... - Read More

Novel plastic could spur new green energy applications, 'artificial muscles'

A plastic used in filters and tubing has an unusual trait It can produce electricity when pulled or pressed This ability has been used in small ways but now researchers are coaxing fibers of the ... - Read More

Simple method of binding pollutants in water

New types of membrane adsorbers remove unwanted particles from water and also at the same time dissolved substances such as the hormonally active bis phenol A or toxic lead To do this researchers at the ... - Read More

Surface-modified nanoparticles endow coatings with combined properties

Nanoparticles are specifically adapted to the particular application by Small Molecule Surface Modification SMSM Thereby surfaces of workpieces or mouldings are expected to exhibit several different functions at one and the same time Fabricators and ... - Read More

Chemists make new silicon-based nanomaterials

Chemists from Brown University have found a way to make new 2 D graphene like semiconducting nanomaterials using an old standby of the semiconductor world silicon In a paper published in the journal Nanoletters the ... - Read More

Designer's toolkit for dynamic DNA nanomachines: Arm-waving nanorobot signals new flexibility in DNA origami

The latest DNA nanodevices created at the Technische Universitaet Muenchen TUM including a robot with movable arms a book that opens and closes a switchable gear and an actuator may be intriguing in their own ... - Read More

Nuclear weapon modernization program

Sandia National Laboratories has begun making silicon wafers for three nuclear weapon modernization programs the largest production series in the history of its Microsystems and Engineering Sciences Applications complex MESA's silicon fab in October began ... - Read More

Novel Plastic Could Spur New Green Energy Applications, 'Artificial Muscles'

Voit needs to make them more powerful One approach for accomplishing this was developed by a UT Dallas colleague Ray Baughman Ph D took a bundle of nylon fibers about the width of ten strands ... - Read More

Discovery could yield more efficient portable electronics, solar cells

By figuring out how to precisely order the molecules that make up what scientists call organic glass the materials at the heart of some electronic displays light emitting diodes and solar cells a team of ... - Read More
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